Динамика аграрных отношений и перспективы развития сельских территорий Пермского края
In the monograph authors describe transformation of the agrarian relations in the subject of the Russian Federation for the considerable period of time. This research will be useful for the representatives of managerial practice, scientists, graduate students and students who are interested in problems of the village and methods of their decision.
The aim of the study is to determine the influence of the formation of absolute rent on the performance of the agricultural sector in Russia, to reveal its relationship with the outflow of the population from the countryside. For this we generalized statistics on the population dynamics of settlements in rural areas from 2002 to 2014. Using the official statistics, the analysis of income was performed and their comparison with the value of the living wage of employment in agriculture from 2005 to 2013 was made. The study clarified the classical concept of the absolute rent, gave its interpretation in the relation to the current practice, calculated its value at different levels of a living wage and salary employment in the agricultural sector, the concept of a rental field was indicated upper and lower limits of the rental of the field and its effect on the livelihoods of rural areas was shown. Dynamics of changes in indicators over the years in the period 2005-2013 was calculated, a list of proposed solutions of the urgent tasks needed to successfully overcome the negative trends in agriculture in the Russian Federation was offered. In particular, there is the need for state regulation of the impact of the economy on the inter-sectoral mobility of capital investments in the synthesis of agriculture and forestry, to promote cooperative relations between large and small farms in the agrarian sector of the economy.
The article analyzes current Russian historiography of Russia's agrarian development in the nineteenth century and formulates prospectives for future researches on the topic.
The paper traces a microhistory of the return of Islam to the public sphere examining it at the local level of a distinct Muslim congregation(jama‘at) in Northern Dagestan. The most serious impact of the dissolution of the Soviet kolkhoz system was the division of a single community into two separate congregations in the mountains and the lowlands. The emergence of Islam in the public sphere in the 1990s brought about an abrupt polarization of Dagestani society, which was divided into several antagonist factions of the so-called or labeled Salafis and traditionalists. However, the congregation’s majority has been changing its religious orientation according to the situation, siding sometimes with one or other faction.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.