Бизнес-анализ и принятие управленческих решений на основе данных и моделей. Теория, практика, инструменты
This paper is dedicated to the research of the dynamics of development and interactions among several scientific communities in the field of fuzzy logic and soft computing. This analysis was performed with the help of the following characteristics: conferences participants’ renewal, the level of cooperation in scientific communities, participation of one community’s key players in activities of the other ones, comparative number of most active participants in each community, uniformity of key players’ participation in different conferences.
Soft Computing (SC) is a consortium of fuzzy logic (FL), neurocomputing (NC), evolutionary computing (EC), probabilistic computing (PC), chaotic computing (CC) and parts of machine learning theory (ML). SC is the foundation for computational intelligence and is leading to the development of numerous hybrid intelligent information, control and decision-making systems. The methodology of computing with words (CW) is an important event in the evolution of cognitive science, natural language processing, artificial intelligence, and different existing scientific theories. This is because CW can enrich the existing scientific theories and the above-mentioned science fields giving them the capability of using natural languages to operate on perception-based information, not only measurement-based information. Indeed in many real-world problems in natural sciences as well as in industrial engineering, economics, and business, often there is a need to deal with both perception and measurement based information. In the case of perception based information, the available information is not precise enough to justify the use of numbers. Such information is usually described in natural languages rather than in strict (idealized) mathematical expressions. So a strong need has appeared for a new approach, theory and technology for the development of knowledge representation, computing, and reasoning tools that allow creation of systems with high MIQ. The sessions of the ICSCCW-2011 will focus on the development and application of Soft Computing technology and computing with words paradigm in system analysis, decision and control.
This paper deals with the issues of Russian and international researches in the field of design of sustainable information architecture of management systems in the context of spatial economics. It is theoretical and empirical research in equal measure. Research methodology is methods and procedures of modeling. The main purpose of this paper is consideration the features of application of contemporary intelligent information technologies and systems for spatiotemporal analysis. The paper is devoted to the study of issues of stability of architecture of spatial information system. Now modern intelligent methods and technologies are essential components for developing management decision process that will enable companies to succeed in a rapidly changing environment. The latest achievements in the field of intelligent technologies in economy and management, including the methods and tools of agent-based modeling and soft computing are the key factors in improving organizational performance and increasing its competitiveness. Fuzzy technologies as technologies of artificial intelligence are having a significant influence on information systems (IS) design and analysis. At the same time IS sustainability is now one of the key drivers of business success. Original contribution of the work is based on the applying of intelligent information technologies and modern modeling methods for creating scoring model of IS sustainability. The paper also contains theoretical foundations of information systems architecture and the brief overview of spatial sciences development in Russia.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management