От “страны тюрем” к обществу с ограниченным причинением боли: финский опыт сокращения числа заключенных
The book “From the “land of incarcerations” towards the society with a minimal use of pain: Finnish experience of reducing the prison population” includes articles and essays written by Tapio Lappi-Seppälä, Inkeri Anttila and Patrik Törnudd and translated into Russian. Authors reflect on factors, realization, consequences and significance of penal reforms in Finland. The book contains also the pictures made in a number of Finnish prisons.
At the moment Finland is on one of the last places in Europe in terms of prison population rate (55 prisoners per 100 000 inhabitants by 1.1.2016) though at the beginning of 1950s the number of prisoners was about three times higher and Finland was famous as a “land of imprisonment”. This change was the result of the consistent penal reforms since 1960s: decriminalization of a number of actions, day-fine reform, reducing minimum time for parole, expanding the use of fines and conditional sentence instead of prison, reducing the length of pre-trial detention, introduction and expansion of community service etc.