Higher Education and Research in Academe: Who schould pay?
The article discusses the establishment of professional standards across community of German universities philosophers. The paper analyses a nature of public scandals based on the taking away the right to teach at universities such well-known intellectuals such as David Friedrich Strauss (1835), Ludwig Feuerbach (1836), Bruno Bauer (1842), and Kuno Fischer (1852). I propose a thesis that repressive measures were the result of conflicts related to the methodological upgrading of the discipline. I show that the severity of social controversy was caused by the peculiarities of the requirements to academic employees. The development of professional solidarity during the second half of 19th century helped smooth the severity of labor disputes, which, however, did not protect the academic community of ideological pressure by Nazi regime.
The Global Future of Higher Education and the Academic Profession focuses on the all-important emerging BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, and China) nations by analyzing the academic profession and particularly salaries and contracts. The professoriate is key to the success of any academic system, and this is the first book to carefully analyze academic systems and the academic profession.
The academic profession must be adequately paid, and appointments to academic jobs must be based on merit and provide an effective career path for the 'best and brightest' to be attracted to the profession. The BRICs show a variety of approaches to academic careers—and none provide globally competitive salaries. China and Russia, in particular, pay academics poorly. Using purchasing power parity, this book is able to accurately compare the actual purchasing power of the academic profession. The book also analyzes how professors are appointed and promoted.
While the BRICs may be emerging global economic powers, their academic systems still face significant challenges.
The article touches upon the concept of slow scholarship that has been widely spread among academic professionals abroad due to the higher education reform oriented to ideas of new managerialism. The call for slow scholarship is a reaction that faculty shows against transformation of their time budgets and weakening of professional freedom. We present a brief review of key writings on slow scholarship and discuss how these ideas can be adopted to the local context. We also reveal that research of academic profession in Russia pays relatively little attention to the issue of working time budgets and time use, while it is of a major importance to understand the changes that take place at universities and other academic institutions.
“Academic inbreeding”—involving the appointment of faculty members who graduated from the institution employing them—is considered a small and peripheral aspect of the academic profession but is quite widespread globally. This paper analyzes the nature of inbreeding and its impact on universities. Data from eight countries where inbreeding is widespread are analyzed in order to examine the perceived impact of the phenomenon on academics and universities. Our analysis reveals that while inbreeding has deleterious effects on universities, it is widely perceived as a “normal” part of academic life—and some positive aspects are evident.