Исторические события в жизни Китая и современность. Материалы Всероссийской научной конференции Центра изучения новейшей истории Китая и его отношений с Россией Института Дальнего Востока РАН. Москва, 17—18 февраля 2016 г.
This article considers the specific features of the reflection of the historical events associated with the Mongolian national liberation movement in the early 20th century in the contemporary Chinese historiography. The author analyzes the modern Chinese scholars’ principles and approaches to the historical conceptualization of the political processes in Mongolia in 1900-1910-s, the role of Russia in these processes and the nature of the Russian-Mongolian-Chinese relations during the period under study.
In the coming decades in the process of globalization the position of the USA and Europe will weaken, while the role of developing countries will increase. The role of the two largest emerging economies – China and India – will be of special significance. What future will these fast-growing giants face? The demographers agree that pretty soon India will lead the world in population and thus surpass China, while China will encounter serious ageing population problems. But economic and political scenarios of the future are quite different: from resounding success and world leadership to collapse caused by demographic and socio-political troubles. Which of them is more feasible? In the present article I analyze the Chinese and Indian development models separately and comparatively and make a forecast of their perspectives in the twenty-first century. Such an analysis could be helpful for understanding Russia's ways of development.
This article considers the opportunities for Russia presented by the launch of China’s Silk Road Economic Belt initiative. This initiative is a comprehensive project for the rapid development of Central Asian countries, and not limited only to trans- port and logistics to guarantee the supply of Chinese goods to Europe. It is also China’s response to economic and political processes both within the country and in the Asia-Pacific region: the economic slowdown and transformation of its social and economic model, diverging income levels, the growing presence of the United States in Asia, and the new divisions of labour within the region. The Silk Road initiative is based on China’s intention to create strong regional value chains, to outsource labour-intensive and environmentally harmful production, to foster the development of northwest China including securing political stability in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, and to guarantee the use of Chinese construction firms’ capac- ity. Goods transit is a secondary priority and justified not by commercial benefits from using land routes, but by the need to diversify export risks, arising due to the deteriorating military and political situation in the South China Sea. The 2015 Joint Statement on Cooperation on the Construction of Joint Eurasian Economic Union and the Silk Road Economic Belt projects resolves the issue of allegedly competitive goals of these complementary projects. The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) provides an institutional base for cooperation while the Silk Road initiative provide investments for their development. Russia may benefit from participating in the Silk Road initiative. First, it would help integrate its transportation system into the region’s logistics network and provide additional opportunities for transit and associated logistical services as well as access to growing regional markets. Second, the Silk Road initiative offers opportunities to strengthen industrial co- operation among neighbouring countries to develop new economic clusters. Third, the EEU and the Silk Road may become the basis for more ambitious cooperation in greater Eurasia, which may transform into a new centre of economic develop- ment at the global level.
The report, written by a group of the leading experts is aimed at evaluating Russia’s goals and opportunities in the dynamic Asian Pacific region. The authors of the report stress the importance of Russia's turn towards Asia, examine current political and economic situation in Siberia and the Russian Far East and test the chances of Russia’s economy “to catch the Chinese wind in its sails.”
Since fall 2012 forming of water-energy balance in Central got a real development Asia for the first time in post-soviet history. For last 20 years, a wide range of measures was implemented but only nowadays the dialogue overcame a intra five-republics level. The paper investigated an evolution of status quoin Central Asia affected by various events and tendencies, fruitfully flourished there in 2012. Policies of external regional hegemons, Russia and China are in the focus of the paper, also some attention is dedicated to Iranian initiatives. Besides that, a comparative analysis of Russian and Chinese economic influence is provided as well as theirs policies towards upstream and downstream republics. Ways to manage water problem in Central Asia are different for Russia and China, and these differences are also investigated in this paper. As a result, we managed to prove that both countries` influence has a complementary character due to division between economic and security guaranties demanded by Central Asian republics. Iranian influence is concentrated mostly in Tajikistan and less, Turkmenistan, but still it widens regional agenda a lot.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.