Основы моделирования экономического поведения домохозяйств на базе данных RLMS-HSE. Лекции для социологов..
Оn-the-job training and its economic effiсiency are considered in this article.
After the breakup of the Soviet Union, the behaviour of Russians in all spheres of life began to change; the demographic dimension is not an exception. Nowadays youth born and raised in modern Russia have another vision of the sequence of demographic events than that held by Soviet generations. According to examples of other countries and the theory of the Second Demographic Transition, it is possible to assume that differences in norms, values, and views could lead to a shift in calendars and intensity of births and matrimonial events. Have these value transformations resulted in transformations of actual reproductive and matrimonial behaviour of Russians? If so, what is the direction of changes? We tried to answer these and accompanying questions in the paper. Using Event History Analysis (EHA) we revealed a relationship between matrimonial and reproductive behaviour across generations, defined zones of their basic distinctions, and made assumptions concerning the reasons and consequences of these transformations.
The book focuses on the new kinds of conflict that arises in the transition to a market economy. Following an editorial introduction, two chapters develop theories from new empirical research into patterns of conflict and forms of trade unionism in Russian enterprises in the transition period. These are folloed by a detailed case study of the development of an independent trade union in one industrial enterprise, and a chapter which explores changes in the status hierarchy of the industrial enterprise. Two chapters then address the much-neglected issue of gender differentiation in the work place and both chapters question the supposed passivity of Russian women workers. The two final chapters address the issue of conflict and change in the external relations of enterprises through case studies of the process of bancruptcy and of conflict insiders and outsiders. Conflict and Change in the Russian Industrial Enterprise is the second volume in the series Management and Industry in Russia, reporning on the results of a unique programme of research into the restructuring of social relations in Russian industrial production.
An effective system of personnel training is one of the most important factors of companies’ growth and development of the whole economy, especially in times of rapid technological progress. This study is aimed to analyze the factors affecting the companies’ stimulus to invest in the employees` human capital in Russia. Logistic regressions to determine the effects using data from Russian firms in 2011 are used in the study. The study shows that innovative activity of the enterprise, a high proportion of workers with higher education, and an active employment policy has a positive effect on the probability of the availability of training programs in the enterprise.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.