«Human geography: сoncepts and terms» is the first encyclopedic dictionary in Russian dedicated to one of the most important areas of geographical science. The dictionary is thematic scientific reference book for professionals, addressed primarily to geographers, as well as economists, political scientists, sociologists, demographers. The dictionary includes wide range of concepts and terms of human geography: the population geography, industrial geography, geography of transport, agricultural geography, political geography, demogeography, urban geography, cultural geography, theory and methodology of science, and others (totally over 450 articles). In the preparation of the dictionary participated about 40 leading scientists – experts in the field of human geography, mainly of Faculty of Geography (Lomonosov Moscow State University), Institute of Geography (Russian Academy of Science), and other scientific institutions of Russia.
The paper aims to explore the relationship between religion and politics in Russia from a spatial perspective. The rise of political influence of the Russian Orthodox Church can be partly explained by the alliance of the Church and the Kremlin: the latter openly declares its’ commitment to “traditional values’ and the former demonstrates unconditional loyalty to the regime. Unsurprisingly, one can observe the increase of Vladimir Putin’s electoral support among the most religious Orthodox regions in the recent elections. Paradoxically, new Russian “Bible Belt” is made of formerly “red”, communist regions. We argue that it is not a coincidence. Using a comparative historical approach, we demonstrate that those regions of Central, South and Volga Russia belong to the historical core of the Russian state. Thus, the rejection of communism in the Center would lead to the rejection in the core as well; the Kremlin’s conservative agenda was first of all accepted right there. The comparison with the most studied “Bible Belt” – in the protestant regions in the US South – reveals very similar historical background in the making of the religious belts: belonging to the historical core, prevalence of exploitive labor, the Civil War’s cleavage and political realignment. Finally, we examined some recent social-demographic indicators and revealed how political religiosity may affect not only electoral behavior but also highly debated family, marriage and sexual education policy in those belts.
The evolution of a special research branch is investigated and described - economic geography, from its origin phase to the up-to-date time.