Культурные основы обучения: восток и запад
The main idea of the article written in the genre of the philosophical satire is the search for an answer to the question of the possibility of theories in an age of a triumph of empiricism and positivism. Reflecting on the problems of education in the modern world, the author refers to the recently published book of Richard Pohl «Plato as a teacher. Plato’s Renaissance and Antimodernism in Germany (1890–1933)». The book tells how, while solving the tasks of a nation building and the transformation of Germany into the intellectual and cultural center of all mankind, the state educational machine of the German Empire used Plato and his doctrine of «eternal forms» for the needs of education. In addition, the book analyzes a very noteworthy phenomenon of «German neo-Platonism», which arose in the late XIX – early XX century and represented by a variety of schools – from the neo-Kantians to the circle of Stefan Gheorghe, each of which had its own concept of Plato. The author notes that Plato’s philosophy is also actualized in the modern times. But does this mean that Plato can become a «staple» for culture and a symbol of education in the current conditions? And is it possible today to restore the authentic image of Plato, or does each era re-imagines the philosopher in its own way?
Being members of the Central Subject-Specific Methodology Board for the Russian School Student Olympiad in Social Theory and members of the jury for its final round, we discuss the specific aspects of teaching social theory at school and preparing for the Unified State Examination and the Russian Olympiad in that subject. We examine different kinds and types of tasks offered in different rounds of the Olympiad, analyze their pitfalls and ultimate objectives, and discover the opportunities, prospects and challenges of applying the competency-based approach in preparing students for the Russian School Student Olympiad in Social Theory.
The Handbook of Bilingual and Multilingual Education presents the first comprehensive international reference work of the latest policies, practices, and theories related to the dynamic interdisciplinary field of bilingual and multilingual education.
The paper addresses the questions of data science education of current importance. It aims to introduce and justify the framework that allows flexibly evaluate the processes of a data expedition and a digital media created during it. For these purposes, the authors explore features of digital media artefacts which are specific to data expeditions and are essential to accurate evaluation. The rubrics as a power but hardly formalizable evaluation method in application to digital media artefacts are also discussed. Moreover, the paper documents the experience of rubrics creation according to the suggested framework. The rubrics were successfully adopted to two data-driven journalism courses. The authors also formulate recommendations on data expedition evaluation which should take into consideration structural features of a data expedition, distinctive features of digital media, etc.
The problem of emotional development, not only cognitive, is entering into education system step-by-step. The concept of emotional intelligence pushes into the traditional educational (“knowledgeable”) model of teaching students: to know about their emotions, to differentiate the emotions of others. Complementing it by the idea of getting control over emotional self-regulation. The idea of building education on a subject-activity basis, with an understanding personality development in its integrity (including the emotional aspect), means involving students in activities with the task of developing the ability of self-regulation. Self-regulation of learning calls for the mastering self-reflection of motivational-emotional sphere. There is a natural connection between the development of intrinsic motivation, self-regulation, emotional involvement and insistence in achieving training target. The development of differentsides of personality by separate courses will lead nowhere. It’s more required the restructuring of educational system on an activity basis and the change of teacher training practise, not leading up the additional courses for the development of emotional intelligence. This will require the development of the teacher’s emotional intelligence; the development of the teacher’s understanding of the patterns of the emotional and social aspects of the child’s holistic development in ontogenesis; the mastering by teacher the methods of organizing educational practice taking into account the integral development of the student’s personality. Such teacher training will allow solving the tasks of social and emotional development of students not within the framework of autonomous training courses that increase the student’s workload, but during the implementation of basic training courses, the emotional and motivational involvement of students in which is important both for learning success and for their personal development.