Smart Education and Smart e-learning
Global education combines different educational systems and models, which are based on differentiated cultural, ideological, religious, philosophical, and axiological worldviews. Undoubtedly, integration processes are an integral part of globalization - the world becomes "integrated" one way or another. Formation of a unified educatio-nal space is one of the priority tasks of the near future. However, this is not an easy task, which is based on the dichotomy of, on the one hand, preserving national identi-ty, and processes of cultural and educational integration, on the other. Now we can observe the transition of a number of educational processes into the online context and, as a consequence of openness, the acquisition of partially or completely multicultural principles. Of course, in a multicultural context, cultural enrichment, expansion of general and professional outlook, teachers and students face a number of problems, mainly with pragmatic reasons. Despite the processes of globalization and integration, culture of each country, anyway, is reflected in the educational process and, in manyrespects, its causes, which, in turn, entails the specificity of training content, values and objectives of education, teaching methods, pedagogical discourse, the specifics of building educational trajectory, etc. In this paper, we are interested in the study of communication processes in modern education. The problem of edu-cational communication in e-learning environments of different cultural groups will be one of themain challenges. Today’s concept of education means lifelong learning. These processes cause the knowledge-based approach in education to be gradually replaced by competence-based one. Nowadays we can witness a number of educational processes migrating into the Internet and, consequently, their becoming more transparent and more or less multi-cultural. Currently, a significant part of educational process transforms into online format. Obviously, in the modern Educational Environment (EEE), tutor’s didactic functions will be modified, and the problem of an individual approach, motivation and com-mitment of student in the process of learning will rise most sharply. The learning process in the MEE is mostly auto-didactic. So it is necessary to determine the man-ner, in which an individual approach may be realized in EEE, where the nature ofcommunication is predominantly mediated, before designing an individual educati-onal trajectory. In our opinion, an individual approach in a multicultural e-Educational space will look like an adaptation of content and interface to a student’s personal cultural and cognitive profile. Modern learning process becomes autodidac-tic in many ways. The purpose of moderne ducation is to create conditions in which educational path could be formed an dadjusted with the help of a trainee. We believe it appropriate to establish the criteria for determining cultural-cognitive profile of a person, in order to make possible further technical and methodical adaptation of educational content and interface. Control of knowledge and qualification boundary will be realized by “competence-based profile of students”. It is also possible to create advisory service facilitating “build-up” of professional competence according to cul-tural-cognitive profile of an individual. To improve "cultural intelligence" of tutors, we suggest to use online cultural assimilator. 1 On communicative and didactic aspects of mapping an individual study pathway in Electronic Educational environment It is obvious that with the application of Electronic Educational Environment (EEE) the didactic functions of a tutor will be changed, and the whole educational process will become autodidactic. And, before mapping an individual study pathway, one must decide how this individualistic approach will be applied in EEE where there is no immediate communication between students and tutors. When studying via the information technologies, a student is supposed to develop individual learning skills and to get well acquainted with the up-to-date on-line education technologies, which means that the student’s self motivation becomes a more important factor.