Время демографических перемен: избранные статьи
The articles selectedfor publication focus on the theoretical comprehension of fundamental demographic changesoccurring in the world, on their determinants and consequences. These consequences are universaland run through all levels of social reality, from the family to the global.Great attention is paid to Russian population issues. The author seeks to understand andto explain Russia’s demographic problems in the context of universal and global demographicchanges and challenges. Some articles are devoted to the history and current state of Russianpopulation studies.
The potential audience of the book are researchers representing a broad range of socialscience disciplines, teachers and students, politicians and journalists, and a wide range of readersinterested in population studies and related sciences.
The publication is timed to coincide with the 80th birthday of Anatoly Vishnevsky.
The author shows that demographic transition is an organic part of civilization developments. Such phenomen as death rate and birth rate, changes in character of migration are connected with stages of development of a civilization.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.