The paper examines both the obvious and hypothetical sources of Leskovs sketch Putimets whose main character is Nikolai Gogol. The paper argues that among the texts that Leskov used to construct Gogol's image are M.N. Zagoskin's novel Jurii Miloslavskii, young Gogol's letters to his relatives, and A.P. Storozhenkos memoirs. The paper also claims that Gogol represents Leskov's own alter ego, as well as a type of the ideal Russian writer.
In article Ivan Sergeevicha Turgeneva's public work, as one of predecessors of the Russian liberalism as the public figure who was at the beginnings of occurrence of original currents of the Russian public thought, combining orientation to the western type of social development with penetration accessible only to the great artist into spiritual essence of Russian world is analyzed.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.