Увлеченность работой: Как научиться любить свою работу и получать от неё удовольствие
The article deals with the problem of understanding the constructs "employee engagement" in scientific and practical literature. It is shown that the concept of "organizational commitment", "organizational citizenship behavior", "organizational identification" and "work engagement" are often seen as overlapping with the construct of "employee engagement." There is also the diversity of concepts describing the relationship of the employee with the organization that creates the terminological confusion and difficulties for their practical use. It proposed the concepts of "organizational identification", "organizational commitment" and "work engagement" to aggregate in the higher order construct "inclusion of employees in the organization
The concept of «workaholism» is quite popular and is often used in everyday language, causing there are many misconceptions and stereotypes about workaholics. The purpose of this article is classification and synthesis of theoretical concepts and empirical data on the workaholism that has accumulated to date. The article discusses the concept of «workaholism», perspectives on workaholism, measures, and especially workaholics motivation and consequences. The results showed that workaholism has positive implications for the employee or the organization as well as negative, but in the long-term effects of the negative consequences are more significant.
The review overheads the contemporary researches of work engagement at english-published journals. The work engagement is seen as no only converse phenomenon to burn-out, but also as a positive state which could be described through vigor, dedication, absorption.
The model of interrelation between work engagement and personal resources (hardiness, optimism, self-efficacy, ambiguity tolerance – elements of PsyCap construct), different components of job satisfaction (satisfaction of compensation packet; satisfaction of work condition and organizing of the workplace; satisfaction of management; satisfaction of work team; satisfaction of the process and the content of the work), and general life satisfaction are described at this paper. The research was conducted at Russian industrial company from energetics sector (N = 4708). There systems of interrelation and correlation of mentioned variables for employees from different stages of organizational hierarchy were described.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management