Новые образовательные стратегии в современном информационном пространстве. - Санкт-Петербург, 2012
This article presents an approach to the automatic generation of open cloze exercises based on arbitrary English text. The exercise format is similar to the open cloze test used in Cambridge English certificate exams (FCE, CAE, CPE). The presented method also makes it possible to adjust the difficulty of the resulting exercises to better suit specific proficiency levels. Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the usefulness of the machine-generated exercises, compare them with authentic Cambridge English tests and study the difficulty-setting capabilities. The experiments showed that the generation method used was quite effective. With some customization, the method can be applied to generating similar exercises for other languages.
Virtual communication technologies are the combination of humanitarian knowledge with technical infrastructure of internet communications. It would be naive to think that the internet infrastructure itself is sufficient for virtual communication development. It means that, firstly, the processes of constructing and using virtual communication are united. Secondly, virtual communication is far more than the world web. The article focuses on the obstacles and possibilities for raising effectiveness of learning via distant interaction means.
The publication, prepared by experts from the Institute of Education at the Higher School of Economics and the World Bank, provides a comprehensive assessment of possible losses for school education and human capital in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as possible ways to minimize and compensate them.
The publication includes three sections. The first section, based on data (quasi-experimental studies of the effects of school closures due to cataclysms, non-attendance by individual students of schools, studies of losses during the summer break), discusses the hypotheses about the extent of possible losses in student knowledge in the conditions of termination of full-time education. The second section is devoted to the analysis of three scenarios in connection with a pandemic and the forecasting of changes in the learning curve of schoolchildren. The third section examines the longer-term effects of the current crisis on the future earnings of current students and the overall economic situation.
The publication includes practical recommendations and suggestions on educational policy measures that can be implemented to minimize and compensate for the negative impact of the pandemic.
This work is of interest, both for researchers in the field of school education, and for leaders of the educational system at different levels, principals and teachers of schools.
The book is dedicated to problems of applying the competence-based approach in teaching a foreign language to extra-mural students of a Linguistics University. This type of education can also be successfully obtained by means of distant learning and it makes it possible to form a socially and professionally mobile (flexible) personality having the ability to develop and upgrade their professional competency by the use of modern teaching technologies. Specific features of distant learning are considered taking into account two main forms of teaching/learning process while mastering a foreign language by correspondence. Those are: tutorials at University during sessions and studying at home. An integral system of education is developed.
The article deals with the problems of introduction of the course of computer ethics in the educational process of higher education institutions. Practical results of teaching students the basics of computer ethics in the application of distant learning, based on a case study method are represented.
This study is part of a larger project aimed at designing an online tutor program to teach how to write research articles in English. The aim of the present research is to describe the concept of online tutor programs and to develop their content. The authors define the notion of self-regulated web-sites for foreign language learning, review their didactic characteristics, analyze their effectiveness for language learning, and suggest their own criteria for developing an online tutor to teach academic writing to non-native speakers of English. To demonstrate the importance of these educational technologies, a survey was conducted to explore Russian EFL (English as a foreign language) learners’ attitudes to self-regulated learning through online tutors. Insights were gained about what educational functions and features of online tutor programs are the most valuable from learners’ perspectives.
The situation with coronavirus infection has dealt a big impact to a number of public institutions. It now seems clear that this pandemic - and the crisis it will entail - will affect the most deprived students the most. Pupils of small rural schools (more often remote ones), from disadvantaged families and with low results will suffer the most, since for them the period of long quarantine will be the most severe blow compared to those who have sufficient opportunities to switch to remote forms of work. In the current situation, the family is again beginning to play a dominant role in the education of the child; the school system is unlikely to be able to do anything to help those who simply do not have the opportunity to attend classes. Children with special needs are deprived of the help of specialists, whom parents cannot replace. Students from families with a low level of education, without the help of teachers, run the risk of significantly falling behind and not cope with the program. This applies even more to children from socially disadvantaged families who do not have conditions for distant learning activities at home. The aim of the work is to obtain data in a municipality case and compare it with data at the level of the Russian Federation.
This article presents an approach to the automatic generation of open cloze exercises that are based on real-life English texts. The exercise format is similar to the open cloze test used in Cambridge certificate exams (FCE, CAE, CPE). Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the usefulness on the machine-generated exercises and compare them with authentic Cambridge tests. The experiments showed that the generation method used was quite effective. With some customization, the presented method can be applied to generating similar exercises based on texts written in other languages.