The Janus Moment in EAP: Revisiting the Past and Building the Future. Proceedings of the 2013 BALEAP Conference
This volume contains a selection of papers from the Biennial BALEAP Conference held at the University of Nottingham, UK in April 2013. The papers reflect various aspects of the conference theme: ‘The Janus Moment in EAP: Revisiting the Past and Building the Future’.
Several papers cover perennial, yet still important, aspects of EAP, such as academic speaking, academic writing and assessment. Others describe and evaluate developments in the field, or how materials, practice, programmes and outcomes are being developed. Most research and interventions described here contribute directly towards either student or teacher engagement, or both. Perhaps unsurprisingly, both the opportunities offered and the challenges posed by technology feature too. The position of EAP in academic institutions, a common topic of debate, recurs within the volume, as does inevitable change faced by the profession.
Taken together, the papers provide a wide-ranging cross-section of EAP activity and thought. This cross-section is necessarily partial; even so, the volume represents the variety and energy which characterises EAP today.
BALEAP, the global forum for EAP professionals, supports the professional development of those involved in learning, teaching, scholarship and research in EAP in order to enhance its quality in institutions of further and higher education.
The use of 1st person pronouns - one of the most obvious strategies of authorial presence - and their pragmatic functions in academic texts have been the subject of many corpus-based studies. It has been shown that pronoun use can vary from discipline to discipline and from culture to culture. This paper presents a comparative study of the use of 1st-person pronouns in English and Russian research articles in sociology. The study employs both qualitative and quantitative approaches, including frequency counts and discourse analysis of a small corpus of research articles (40 single-authored articles in sociology: 20 in English and 20 in Russian). The analysis shows that the authors writing in Russian tend to use fewer 1st-person pronouns compared to the authors writing in English. Moreover, pragmatic functions of the pronouns are quite different in English and in Russian research articles. In this paper I will argue that these differences originate in the traditional collectivist approach to scholarly work that informs Russian academic discourse. In the concluding section, I discuss the implications of these findings for EAP pedagogies, especially for “English for Publication” courses.