Власть в XXI столетии: беседы с Джоном А. Холлом
In the article were considered the social conditions of appearance and formation of sociology in China. It is shown that the beginning of the institutionalization of sociology in China was associated with a pragmatic interest - recognition of the importance of sociology in Europe and Japan and attempts to use this experience on Chinese soil. The emergence of sociological science in China coincides with a period of deep economic and political crisis caused by the defeat in the late XIX century wars. Other factors in the development of sociology in China include the translation activities of Chinese enlighteners and scholars (such as Kang Yuwei, Yan Fu, Zhang Binlin, Liang Qichang), the activities of mission scientists, the training of Chinese students and post-graduate students in sociology at foreign universities. By the beginning of the 1930s, appeared the Chinese sociological society, were published the first journals. The experience of development and achievements of American sociology was significant not only for theoretical sociology, but also for the development of Chinese applied sociology. The article analyzes the process of the formation of Chinese sociology in the period of the Cultural Revolution, coupled with a series of ups and downs, till the complete prohibition of this science in China. Her revival began only in the late 70's because of the consolidation of the efforts of the scientific community, youth, representatives of state power. Modern Chinese sociology is a fully institutionalized science, having its own branches, departments and faculties in Chinese universities, scientific publications (primarily journals), scientific conferences, congresses, etc. Among the priority topics of the study in Chinese sociology are labor issues in small towns, issues of family and marriage relations, social transformation and modernization of society, the problems of life in the countryside and others. In present article for the first time were used the original sources (in Chinese) about the formation and development of sociology in China, were shown new authors whose works are devoted to the study of the formation of Chinese sociology.
The paper reflects upon the relevance of Weber's sociology in the 21st century. In the first part importance of his sociology is explained by referring to the idea of a state that is now returning back into the political and social realm. The second part overviews the contributions to the special issue dedicated to the intellectual legacy of Max Weber.
The book is dedicated to the work of a renowned Russian-French legal scholar of the 20th century, one of the founders of the sociology of law as a research area, Georgy Davidovich Gurvich (1894–1965). The thinker’s concepts are narrated in the context of his intellectual biography, which makes it possible to better understanding the twists and turns in the development of the scholar’s views. The book consists of two major parts. The first, an analytical section, sheds light on Gurvich’s life course and analyses the key points of his doctrine and concepts. The second includes the scholar’s works, some previously unpublished, as well as a number of archival biographical and epistolary materials.
The book is intended for students of sociology, law, and philosophy, and humanities teachers, as well as for a wide audience interested in the history of legal thought and wanting to deepen their knowledge about the connections between law and society.
In the framework of the 75th anniversary celebration history faculty at the Voronezh State University at November 2015, department of Sociology and Political Science was held a «round table» with the participation of employers. It was about the role of sociology and political science in the preparation of modern specialists. It were discussed a lot of serious problems that exist today in the Russian system of higher education and the ways and methods of their solution.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.
This article is talking about state management and cultural policy, their nature and content in term of the new tendency - development of postindustrial society. It mentioned here, that at the moment cultural policy is the base of regional political activity and that regions can get strong competitive advantage if they are able to implement cultural policy successfully. All these trends can produce elements of new economic development.