Массовое высшее образование. Триумф БРИК?
The note proposes a conjecture to Quintilian.
The article presents the main conclusions of the Second Annual International Scientific and Practical Conference “Working Emotional Intelligence in Business and Education”, which took place on December 7 and 8, 2018 in Moscow, Russia. For the second year, the conference serves as an innovative platform for discussing the subject of emotional intelligence, bringing together scientists, researchers and practitioners whose professional activity reveals the need tointegrate various aspects of emotional intelligence into business and education. The reports presentedat the sections and their further discussions demonstrated the importance of the topic ofemotional intelligence in modern society and outlined a range of problematic issues: in research and development, in professional activities in business, finance, high technology, and culture, art and creativity efficiency and self-development. During the conference, tools for diagnosing emotional intelligence, various methods and strategies for its development, ways of creating an emotional-intellectual culture and introducing its principles in organizations were presented.
This article is a reconstruction of a cohort of female graduates (1818–1822) of the female home tutors' class which had been functioning in the Moscow Foundling House since 1808. The research is based on the documents of the Moscow Board of Trustees (Opekunskii Sovet). Training of the home tutors for the provincial nobility was under the supervision of the Empress Maria Feodorovna as it belonged to program of the conservative opposition which intensified its activities after the Napoleonic Wars (1806–1807). After the treaty of Til’sit, Shishkov and other conservative writers close to the Empress propagated the idea about the dangers of home education beyond the control of the state. Nevertheless, the state did not get necessary resources in its disposal to institutionalize the noble education. Therefore female tutors, taught under the supervision of the Empress, had to bring an ideal model of both girls’ and boys’ education to the province as it was imagined by the conservative ideology. In the article, this model is related to the educational demands of the provincial nobility which formed a special social niche for the female graduates of the home tutors’ class of the Moscow Foundling House. The female tutors trained in the House mastered the standards of knowledge and behavior demanded by the status of a nobleman/noblewoman, and thus gained their own path in life.
The paper addresses the questions of data science education of current importance. It aims to introduce and justify the framework that allows flexibly evaluate the processes of a data expedition and a digital media created during it. For these purposes, the authors explore features of digital media artefacts which are specific to data expeditions and are essential to accurate evaluation. The rubrics as a power but hardly formalizable evaluation method in application to digital media artefacts are also discussed. Moreover, the paper documents the experience of rubrics creation according to the suggested framework. The rubrics were successfully adopted to two data-driven journalism courses. The authors also formulate recommendations on data expedition evaluation which should take into consideration structural features of a data expedition, distinctive features of digital media, etc.
The goal of the paper is to present available quantitative data on specificity of transition to adulthood in the North Caucasus. On the results of the all-Russia survey “Person, family and society” conducted in 2013, the North Caucasus is compared to other regions of Russia in characteristics of sociodemographic and socioeconomic events related to transition to adulthood. The sociodemographic events include sexual debut, first partnership, first marriage and first birth of a child. The socioeconomic events include completing of education, separation from parents and the first employment. Quantum, timing, tempo and sequence of these events are compared for residents of the North Caucasus and of other regions of Russia born between 1970 and 1994.
It turns out that in the North Caucasus, the transition to adulthood follows a more traditional standard than in other regions of Russia. Specifically, in the North Caucasus the interval between marriage and birth of the first child is shorter; marriage is much more widespread than partnership; and childbearing takes place more intensively and at younger ages. Gender asymmetries in sociodemographic events are more pronounced in the North Caucasus than in other regions of Russia. Nevertheless, the data also shows certain demographic modernization in the North Caucasus. Thus, men (but so far not women) of younger generations show larger variety of sequences of the events compared to elder generations, so that the obligatory norm for transition to adulthood is replaced by a variety of life paths.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.