For successful implementation of inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) in the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) UNIDO acts as a global forum for the establishment of relevant international standards, including on industrial statistics. In this format, UNIDO implements a regional project “Improvement of industrial statistics and development of indicators of industrial performance for policy-relevant analysis in CIS countries”. The main objective of the project is to provide methodological assistance to national statistical offices in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries in introducing international standards on industrial statistics to statistical practice and forming modern and internationally comparable statistical information to display industrial development processes. Therefore, it was necessary to assess reliability, timeliness and international comparability of official statistics of Rosstat and other national statistical offices of the CIS countries, so the analytical part is done mainly based on the official data sources. This paper is based on the intermediate results of statistical analysis of the analytical module of UNIDO project
Integration processes in the EAEU is associated with the development of regional banking regulation that secures the effectiveness of the integration policy and, ultimately, financial stability. The integrity of the regional regulatory mechanism will largely depend on the effectiveness of convergence and supranationalization of the economic and institutional aspects of banking regulation of the EAEU member states, and at the same time – on their synchronization with Basel III. In this regard, a regional regulatory mechanism – mini Basel III – should become the central core of the EAEU regulatory and supervisory system, a tool for mitigation of systemic risks, and a mean for maintenance of stress resilience of the national banking sectors, as well as a channel of interaction with international banking regulation authorities.
However, currently EAEU banking regulation lacks a complete framework, mostly due to the shortage of strategic vision on regulatory convergence and poor understanding of the integration risks due to the absence of reliable tools for measuring imbalances in the banking sector. Besides, a number of issues of institutional supranationalization, including the delegation of the regulatory power from national to supranational level, still remain open.
In this work, the author continues the study of the regionalization of banking regulation and supervision in the EAEU focusing on systemic risks and how the mini-Basel III mechanism could become a key tool in minimization of the system-wide instability and crises.
This article discusses perspectives of the use of monitoring systems in the enterprises of the manufacturing sector of logistics. The case for the implementation of such systems on real production facilities was considered. The economic efficiency of using monitoring systems was analyzed. For this, three scenarios were created under which it is possible to make mistakes when performing the business process of determining the need for inventory items. The first of them described a situation in which the time of error detection was 1 day; the second scenario suggested an increase in the time of failure to 2 days; scenario 3 described the use of the real-time monitoring system and described situation in which failure in the supply chain caused by shortage of goods was determined instantly. After that, these scenarios were analyzed on the basis of existing contract for production of certain number of finished products. It is shown that the monitoring system can significantly reduce batch production time due to a significant reduction in the probability of making mistakes. Finally, it was shown how the implementation of monitoring and automation system for a number of tasks affects the efficiency of business processes.
The following research article is devoted to the problem of self-identification of ethnolinguistic groups in the context of a modern city. The relevance of the present study is determined by the need to identify alternative factors that affect the preservation of the language and identity of small minority groups in modern urbanized environment. Polish ethnolinguistic group has been made the object of the present study, as self-identification of the group in this case depends on a set of contradictory factors and multidirectional tendencies. The obtained results prove that the native language does not determine the process of self-identification of the members of Polish ethnolinguistic group, but the pragmatic factors are the ones, that encourage mobilization of national feelings. All in all, it can be concluded that in modern urbanized environment without the support of official authorities the preservation of the ethnic identity and language of small ethnolinguistic groups is possible due to a complex approach, based on traditional values ( native language, religion, culture) as well as modern tendencies ( prestige of the group, financial benefit).
This paper investigates the language situation in Moscow schools with an ethnocultural component – a new form of national schools. The analysis is based on interviews which were recorded in 2007, in two Moscow schools, one of them with Armenian ethno-cultural component, and the other, with Azeri. The sample included ten students from each school (five boys and five girls).
In the paper the process of linguistic integration of Azeri and Armenian children into modern Russian society is analyzed. The comparison between these two groups is particularly appealing, because the effects of Soviet Russification, and the language situations in general, were different in Armenia and in Azerbaijan. I show that this difference influences the use of language by Azeri and Armenian children.
This collection contains reports presented by the participants for taking part in the Annual International Conference "Evolution of the World Trade System: problems and prospects". The Conference was held in Saint Petersburg on October 29-30, 2015.
The institutional aspect of the post-crisis banking regulation reform (Basel III) still remains unsettled, and as such undermines regulators’ efforts in shaping a seamless platform for international financial intermediation. On the other hand, lack of perspectives for global acceptance of the Basel III standards amid internationalization of banking activities is one of the main reasons of regulatory asymmetries that are difficult to handle at the national level. Under these circumstances, efforts of the governments and financial regulators are a central core of their policy in protecting banking sectors from systemic risks: It becomes imperative to bring together national mechanisms of banking regulation and to develop a regional system of regulatory institutions, as is evidenced by the single supervisory mechanism in the euro area countries.
Strengthening stress-resilience of the national banking sectors in the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) and expansion of banking activities to the Eurasian economic integration will require a conceptual framework of the EAEU banking regulation system. However, different regulatory regimes in the EAEU member states along with the lack of supranational regulatory institutions may slowdown the progress of the Eurasian mechanism of banking regulation. This means that operationalization of the EAEU regulatory mechanism will depend on whether the “mini-Basel III” format as a methodological hub of the regionalization and supranationalization will act as an enabler of resolution of the regulatory trilemma among the feasibility, relevance, and opportunities of supranationalization.
The institutional aspect of “mini-Basel III” is intrinsically linked to the integrity and consistency of the supranational authority for regulation of the EAEU financial markets being an authority documented in the Treaty on the EAEU; however, the costs of regulatory alignment may exceed the advantages of a single-institution regulatory architecture owing to the existent and tacit risks of heterogeneity of the national regulatory models. Stemming from the complex financial sector environment that falls short of valid and reliable institutional fundamentals, we propose alternative scenarios for the EAEU regulatory mechanism that could be sought for optimization of regulatory logistics and algorithms of regulatory alignment. Based on systematization of the benefits and weaknesses of each of the scenarios as well as on comparative analysis as to whether the proposed scenarios would ensure continuum of financial intermediation and financial stability, we found that currently there are no priority approaches to the design of a supranational institutional system in the EAEU. At the same time, identical structure of the national banking sectors together with the least expensive scenario approach could underpin the process of regulatory supranationalization; however, to secure integrity of the EAEU supranational authority, it should be complemented with an authority that would be responsible for coordination of the EAEU-wide regulatory alignment.
To help countries achieve their full industrialization potential and fulfil the sustainable development goals (SDGs) and thereby improve their general welfare, UNIDO is promoting the concept of comprehensive and sustainable industrial development (ISID), which was established in the Lima Declaration adopted by UNIDO Member States on 2 December 2013. The UN General Assembly recognizes the significance of ISID as an important strategic direction for fostering global development in the future. ISID is a key instrument for achieving sustainable economic growth, the creation of quality jobs, the building of equal societies, the protection of the environment, and the active shaping of comprehensive sustainable globalization. The promotion of ISID as the key driver for successful integration of economic, social and environmental factors necessary to achieve full implementation of sustainable development by creating and improving countries’ industrial potential is the main priority of UNIDO’s current activities. To successfully implement ISID, UNIDO acts as a global forum for industrial development and the establishment of relevant international standards, including standards on industrial statistics [UNIDO, 2014; 2013a]. Accordingly, UNIDO has been implementing the regional project “Improvement of industrial statistics and development of statistical indicators for the analysis of industrial development in the CIS countries” since 2013. The project’s main objective is to provide methodological assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States’ (CIS) national statistical services in implementing international standards on industrial statistics in the statistical practice and presentation of modern, internationally comparable information for a qualitative and reliable reflection of industrial development processes. This report presents the results of the statistical analysis describing the availability, quality and measurement capabilities of official statistics in the CIS countries accumulated over the period 2005-2014.