Капитализм и свобода
In the presented article, the author investigates the content of the legal and economic relations, opposing them to each other. Earlier, the economic and legal theories identified these phenomena, not allowing to find their own essence. The author suggests to divide all public relations into two main groups: natural and artificial where to the last belongs the legislation while the majority of the economic relations have natural character. The conclusions made by the author prove the most important rule of economic efficiency – the need of freedom for businessmen from external, first of all, public influence. The author insists on absolute nature of such freedom as only under this condition, the maximum of efficiency is reached. Legal relations are required to approach, if possible, to the natural state, having made them the most free that in the legal sphere means the development of private and reduction of public law.