Российская экономика на повороте: доклад к XV Апр. междунар. науч. конф. по проблемам развития экономики и общества, Москва, 1–4 апр. 2014 г.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The paper summarizes the studies on the mechanisms of Russian labor market. The subjects under consideration include unemployment and wages formation, relationship between key labor market variables and inflation, and labor market adjustment to negative shocks. We demonstrate that the general feature of Russian labor market isits high flexibility, which showsitself a gradual decline of the NAIRU level, high elasticity of real wages by unemployment rate, rapid return to full employment after negative external shocks. Problems rooted in the labor market are specified (primarily declining labor supply and increasing labor share in GDP), their neglect can become a major impediment for economic growth if forceful measures based on the earlier and future research findings are not taken.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.