Не ради прибыли: зачем демократии нужны гуманитарные науки
A circle of intellectuals – associates of German poet Stefan George (1868-1933) – played a significant role in the evolution of ideas at the turn and in the first third of the 20th century. The impact of George's circle extends far beyond the bounds of poetry and literature to history, pedagogy, philosophy, and economics. George's specific interpretation of politics influenced an entire generation of Germans on the eve of the Nazi catastrophe. The Circle was largely built on Plato's Academy, and Stefan George was considered 'the new Plato'. Members of George's circle authored a number of books, articles, and translations that were designed to compete with the academic view on Plato. This monograph, based on published and archival materials, examines the ways George's circle influenced conventional academic studies of Plato's philosophy.
The article is devoted of philosophical views by Leo Tolstoy, we described transitions of ideas from Enlightenment to the philosophy of Life.
Drawing upon exegetical and scientific writings of Isaac Newton, his followers (W. Whiston) and opponents (Ch. Burnet), present study deals with the rise of objectivism – fundamental epistemic principle underlying the modern scientific worldview. The study is focused upon the synthesis of three epistemological principles, which shaped the science of Enlightenment: hermeneutic transparency of text in exegesis, mathematical certainty in natural science, and realistic mimesis in literary criticism. The author also examines the epistemological project, opposed to objectivistic paradigm, that puts together allegory in biblical scholarship, hypothetical method in physic and the primacy of literariness over referentiality in literary theory. Present article seeks to contribute to the genealogy of objective reality – ontological a priori of the modern scientific thought, emerged from the confusion of methodologies and discourses, characteristic to early Modern Times.