Художественный перевод и сравнительное изучение культур (Памяти Ю.Д. Левина)
In article discussed the process of a transformation of Shanghai community This paper shows that for the proper understanding of the process of a transformation in Shanghai community it is highly important to emphasize the synthesis of Eastern and Western culture and to reveal the impact of foreign investments on the social and economic life of citizens in this period. From this perspective, we suggest that there was a significant effect resulted in social changes both within the Chinese citizens and Shanghailanders.
Interpretation and evaluation of romantic love in the 20th century have a collective dimension and are related to a historical and cultural, as well as moral, thought. Reflections on love thus outgrow the ethical and psychological frame to expand towards what we call today “theory” in an interdisciplinary meaning – theory of culture, theory of literature, theory of human existence, as is well shown by the works of Denis de Rougemont, René Girard and Roland Barthes.
The paper deals with the beginning of medieval reception of physiognomics, a specifi c complex of doctrines and knowledge about human body, that, on an individual scale, enabled the adept to judge about what we would call the «character» of an individual. The author analyzes some texts of the 13th century: the «Secret of Secrets» and especially the still unedited «Liber physonomie» by Michael Scot (ca. 1230). Physiognomics was received not at universities, but at the courts of some cultivated seigneurs, ecclesiastical and laic.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.