Вторая жизнь музея: возрождение утраченного и воплощение нереализованного. Сборник статей
Global Trends in Museum Diplomacy traces the transformation of museums from publicly or privately funded heritage institutions into active players in the economic sector of culture. Exploring how this transformation reconfigured cultural diplomacy, the book argues that museums have become autonomous diplomatic players on the world stage. The book offers a comparative analysis across a range of case studies in order to demonstrate that museums have gone global in the era of neoliberal globalisation. Grincheva focuses first on the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, which is well known for its bold revolutionising strategies of global expansion: museum franchising and global corporatisation. The book then goes on to explore how these strategies were adopted across museums around the world and analyses two cases of post-Guggenheim developments in China and Russia: the K11 Art Mall in Hong Kong and the International Network of Foundations of the State Hermitage Museum in Russia. These cases from more authoritarian political regimes evidence the emergence of alternative avenues of museum diplomacy that no longer depend on government commissions to serve immediate geo-political interests. Global Trends in Museum Diplomacy will be a valuable resource for students, scholars and practitioners of contemporary museology and cultural diplomacy. Documenting new developments in museum diplomacy, the book will be particularly interesting to museum and heritage practitioners and policymakers involved in international exchanges or official programs of cultural diplomacy.
The article examines the history of the museum of the history of political repressions «Tomsk Memorial NKVD Prison» in Siberia, located in the basement of the former parochial school, which from 1923 to 1944 was converted into cells for prisoners and through which thousands of repressed residents of Tomsk and Tomsk region passed. Thousands of them were shot. The purpose of the study was to analyze the reasons for its occurrence in 1989 thanks to the Tomsk society «Memorial», the original concepts of the development of the museum and its further development over the past almost thirty years. The sources of the work were materials from the Archive of the Tomsk Regional Museum of Local Lore. M. B. Shatilov (Archive TKMM), publications in the media of different years and electronic resources on the museum's website, and the interior with the museum staff in Tomsk. The article shows the problems that this memorial museum faced. The history of the creation of this museum demonstrates the role played by the favorable situation in Perestroika, which combined the public request and the active participation of the authorities and even the employees of the Federal Penitentiary Service and the KGB, and how in the post-Soviet history it became a hostage of financial problems that the authorities and employees of the museum. So in addition to economic problems and problems with documents for the premises, the museum was faced with the fact that the basement of the former prison after World War II was converted into apartments, so there were no doors, lattices, or objects left from the cameras, which made it very difficult work on the formation of the museum. In addition, after the discovery, it turned out that the former prison often attracts more interest from visitors than the exposition on the history of Soviet repressions and the Gulag. The study also compares the museum «Tomsk Memorial NKVD Prison» with other similar memorial museums in other cities.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.