This paper estimates the economic losses related to the negative effect of smoking on wages in Russia. Data from the 2006 Living Standards Survey of Russia’s Tomsk region are used to jointly estimate a system of three equations: the smoking decision equation and two separate equations for wages of smokers and non-smokers. The results show that, after controlling for observed characteristics and taking into account unobserved heterogeneity in personal characteristics, smoking has a substantial negative impact on wages of working men in Russia. It has been also shown that the effect of smoking on wages differs between males and females.
The paper estimates the wage elasticity of labor supply in Russia. As a measure of labor supply elasticity, the percent change of the probability of having a job in response to wage change is used. The paper shows that an estimate of the elasticity can be obtained from the two-step Heckman’s procedure (Heckman, 1979). Empirical analysis is based on the RLMS-HSE data for the period from 1994 to 2014. The main conclusion is that the estimate of labor supply elasticity in Russia is significantly higher than zero and lower than one.
Municipal contracts present an essential share of overall sum of purchases in the contract system of Russian Federation. The research agenda of authors focuses on the analysis of price outcomes of municipal purchases in some districts of Moscow region in the period of 2007–2011, aimed at revealing the factors influencing contract price by means of econometrics. As a result, differences in contract price formation, depending on district of Moscow region, are revealed.
The paper considers efficiency of the Russian Unified State Exam (USE, or EGE, Russian version of SAT), and results of «olympiads» - national students' contests in economics, mathematics as predictors of ICEF HSE students' academic achievements. Most courses in ICEF are taught in English, but USE in English is not a significant predictor. USE in mathematics and Russian are significant predictors, but only USE in Russian is significant for the probability of drop-out. Olympiads' winners demonstrate substantially better performance than other students.
We estimate the influence of classmates ability characteristics on student achievement in exogenously formed student groups. The study uses the administrative data on undergraduate students in large selective university in Russia. The presence of high-ability classmates has positive effect on individual academic performance, and most benefit is gained by students at the top of the ability distribution. The increase in share of less able students influences individual grades insignificantly.