Analysis of system of values and norms in Russian society and its changes in recent years is presented in the article. It is shown that its specifi city compared with other countries lies not so much in a radical contrast of norms typical for Russians, but in objective situation in the country that prevent implementation of these norms and values in practice.
The article discusses the features of the Aristotelian tradition of studies in human behavior and the concept of justice that was focal to this tradition. An appeal to the Aristotelian tradition allows to revise critically the incontestability and productivity of relegating the role of ethics to the sphere of normative judgments that characterizes the approach of modern economics
This article discusses the main factors of media image of the North Caucasus. The object of study is considered in the following three categories: the specificity of the region relative to its position in the Russian Federation, the historical and cultural factors of the formation of the image of the region, as well as features of news-making about the North Caucasus, in particular, on the federal TV channels. Based on the analysis it were identified three key characteristics of the image of the North Caucasus, broadcasted on federal television channels - a "explosiveness" of the region (terrorist activity), the high concentration of criminal groups and socio-economic disadvantage. The study was performed in the methodology of grounded theory based on the material of expert interviews.
Paper devoted to analysis of contemporary academician and expert discussions about practices of public and (or) citizen expertise. Three main approaches to this notions are formulated as result of this analysis. First – when customer of expertise is in focus of analyses. Public (citizen) expertise is expertise, booked by NGOs according to this approach. Performers of expertise are specialists-experts. Second approach deals with expertise – monitoring of some governmental process (human rights of prisoners, or electoral process, as examples)which realized by NGO members (sometime together with specialists-experts). In framework of the third approach the citizen position (or absent of it) of specialist-expert in the focus of attention: possibility for the to define agenda of expertise by themselves, to define mist actual social-politic problems and to propose decisions of them.
The article investigates the public-state partnership, in which the society by its own forces and means is included along with the state, in the creation of public goods and services. The impact of such practices on the quality of public administration and public welfare, depending on the state of institutions, including the accountability of government to society, and on the stock of social capital, is discussed. The conclusions of the theory of public-public partnership are interpreted in the light of Russian realities, where the participation of society in the co-production of public goods and services becomes widespread.
The author attempts to summarize T. Zaslavskaya contribution to the research of the post-communist transformation processes. Main attention is paid to the category of ”social mechanism of the transformation process”, its main features and cognitive capabilities, as well as to the basic building blocks and communication original action-structural concept of the social mechanism of the transformation process. It is shown that the concept of Tatiana Zaslavskaya, being tied to the explana¬tion of the laws of real social change, equips future researchers effective and relevant theoretical and methodological tools for further research searches.
The article critically regards the evolution of approaches towards social mobility problem starting. The major focus in the context of transition towards post-industrial societies (or, in other terms, informational or network societies) is devoted to the meritocratic principle of social selection, i.e. where talented and well-educated people gain better advantages for social advancements.
The author argues on expediency and mutual conditionality of evolutionary changes in the nature and in society. In the article three major factors of the evolution are allocated, namely: the accident, the factor of coincidence of circumstances and the factor of acceleration of social evolution.