A report on addresses presented at panel «Law» of International scholar conference held in State University - Higher School of Economics under Government of Russian Federation, April 7 - 9, 2009, Moscow. The panel included sessions under the titles «Legal stimulus of social activity» and «Efficiency of law as factor of economic development» and round table «Law and economу».
The article coves the issue of to put scientific use criminological term (of) crime that different from legal criminal law also concept of supposed crime. On the basis of the analysis of matter this concepts the author is not consider necessary to put scientific use this terms and draw a infer about necessary development of investigations in the context sociology of criminal law.
This article focuses on the reverse mortgage as a tool to enhance the well-being of the elderly by providing a way to use owned and occupied real estate to generate income in retirement. We describe the key features and history of the reverse mortgage program in the United States, with a particular focus on the types of mortgages offered, state support for the program, consumer protection and lender regulation. We compare the US experience to that of the other countries with developed reverse mortgage markets, such as the UK, Australia and Canada.
The prevailing in Russian legal science view understands Islamic law as synonymous with Sharia which is a system of prepositions of Quran and Sunna that is the mode of life of Prophet Muhammad fixed in so called hadiths (sayings) of his fellows. Being reduced to Sharia Islamic law is approached to as complex of different social norms in which legal rules are not separated in principle from religious commands. However, an in-depth analysis enables us to conclude that on the basis of normative part of Sharia Islamic law as a legal phenomenon emerged. It was Fiqh that played a key role in this process. The Islamic thought understands Fiqh as a science dealing with Sharia rules of human behavior together with these norms themselves. Within such prescriptions there are such rules which meet juridical criteria and therefore may be recognized as norms of Islamic law in scientific meaning of the term. Fiqh was not limited by elaboration of particular and separate norms of legal character but it succeeded in formulation of detailed system of its general principles. They are the main argument for the benefit of existing of Islamic law as legal phenomenon in proper sense. The modern Islamic thought puts forward different classifications of the general principles of Fiqh. The most appropriate one is that which distinguishes a few groups of such principles devoted to concrete themes. Each of these groups has its core including a key independent principle. Most of these principles are a concentrated manifestation of legal nature of Islamic law. Their emergence is the remarkable contribution of Fiqh understood as a legal doctrine in the development of Islamic Law as well as in the world legal culture. These principles are legal by their contents and do not bear direct religious features on themselves. They determine legal nature of Islamic law which is a juridical phenomenon because of the mentioned principles and not for being based on religious revelation. That is the principles of Fiqh which let Islamic law to cooperate with other legal cultures on the basis of many joint juridical characteristics shared by them.
In the XIX century. by the Russian government collected, systematized and studied the rules of customary law Caucasian highlanders (adat). Adat, regulating property relations and to obtain official recognition applied to mountain verbal (folk), village (aul) and arbitral tribunals. Customary law Chechen and Ingush distinguished: the multiplicity of actors, the equality of «their» - members of the indigenous genera (Taipei), the limited capacity of «outsiders», difference rules in the mountains and on plains, low developed separate institutions, low levels of legal technology.
Summary: in this article the problems of legal and applied character arising during so-called investigation verifications at a stage of initiation of legal proceedings which elimination is possible only by modification of the criminal procedure legislation are considered and possible ways of elimination of such collisions of legal regulation are offered.
The article outlines new contracts, regulating social relations on railway transport in the light of the current structural reform of this mode of transport. The aim of this reform is to provide a smooth economically sound transition of the natural monopolist - the railway service - to the market economy environment. However, the implementation of the reform has been downplayed. This can be explained by the fact that Russian Railways (RZD) have been maintaining their functions as the carrier while simultaneously handling the infrastructure facilities as the proprietor of both the infrastructure per se and the rolling stock. In the current laws these functions are to be executed by different subjects on a contractual basis, what has been shown in the paper. New contracts mentioned in the article must get legal framework in relation to other modes of transport.