The publication is devoted to international interactions of the RAS Institute of sociology celebrating in 2018 its 50th anniversary. Interviews with Z.T. Golenkova and V.A. Mansurov, the oldest scholars of the Institute, responsible for organizing these interactions for a long time, are presented. Interviews contain memories and assessments of different periods, forms and practices of international academic cooperation.
The interdisciplinary origins of the sociological metatheorizing and reasons for a surge in its popularity in 1970s –1990s are discussed in order to describe the passage to a current state of metatheory in sociology. The relationships of different types of meta-theoretical investigations with substantive unit theories as well as with an adjacent field of philosophy of social sciences are exemplified using some “hard problems” relating to sociological theories of actions and normativity. The current state of this problem in sociology is described in the article as a movement from the once initial state of striving for conceptual codification and standardization of the complex of sociological theories to their deconstruction and decentration – and back. The author believes this phenomenon may equally be subject of interest for theoretical sociology and philosophy of social sciences.
Expanding the accessibility of space and the environment is one of the central tasks of social policy and public attention, strengthening equality and justice. At first glance, such a problem is primarily revealed in spatial metaphors, such as barriers, restrictions, access, borders. However, spatial logic only partially allows us to explain the phenomena of oppression and emancipation, inclusion and exclusion. The social model allows us to map and identify the disabling contours of the spatial environment, but underestimates the patterns of oppression produced by temporal factors. The article reveals the cognitive possibilities of the temporal turn in studies of the accessibility of the urban environment for people with disabilities. The analysis is based on qualitative interviews in four Russian cities with activists from among people with disabilities. The authors consider the opinions of informants about how relations with social and physical environment evolve over the years, and what changes occur in the moments of everyday interaction. We are talking about such macrostructural characteristics of temporality as age, season, obsolescence and updating of technologies, changes of political priorities. Other modes of temporality are the changes in social attitudes, the intensity of collective actions, the transformation of the perception of accessible environment. The prospect of everyday temporality is revealed at the micro level of social interactions, in which the rhythms of urban life are violated and reconfigured, subjectivity is revealed, and acts of exclusion and inclusion occur. People with disabilities, our contemporaries and interlocutors, in their narratives, revealed the connection between moments of time and social phenomena and processes, reflected the changes occurring in themselves and the environment in the processes of their interactions.
The article deals with the analysis of foster parents discursive practices of making family. The approach to family as a discourse is used for the theoretical conceptualization of parental narratives about fostering. Foster parenthood is understood as a discursive construction, which contains normative beliefs about fostering, motives of decision about fostering, and descriptions of foster care practices. The empirical base of the research consists of texts of 469 diaries of foster parents, collected in frame of the all-Russian competition of foster families diaries “Our stories” (Elena & Gennagy Timchenko Foundation, 2015–2017). The biographical narratives were analyzed in two levels: 1) normative commonly shared beliefs about family and fostering; 2) individual strategies of narrative identity construction. As the result of analysis three main meaningful elements of parental individual narratives were found: 1) discourses about what is foster parenting; 2) justification strategies of decisions about foster parenting; 3) descriptions of making family practices. The general outcome of the article is the conclusion that making family is performed on the level of individual believes about what family and parenting are. The specific history of family relations and interactions between family members influences the making family process. All these individual discursive practices are inscribed in a broad socio-cultural context of normative beliefs.