Leaning against the concept of the power-property, the author analyzes such categories, as world city and world village. It considers them on a global scale, shows problems and the contradictions connected with attempts of the countries of catching up development to master achievement of the developed part of the world
The article presents analytical e ciency of the new approach to political processes and to the public administration theory based on “multiple modernities” concept. The authors note that public adminis- tration theories are not universal. Moreover, the theories are inapplicable outside the countries with libe- ral-democratic regimes, especially in the states with “hybrid” political regimes and a mixed system of eco- nomic, social and cultural relations. These political and socio-economic development types of states can rarely be de ned as temporary and transitional, they are rather extremely stable. This is especially true in Eastern societies preserved clan system and patron-client relationships, which permeate the entire civil service hierarchy. The two Central Asian countries Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan were chosen to show that these types of relationship give a rise to corruption, but it simultaneously performs a number of important social functions and even can be used as the resource for modernization by the authorities. The evolution- ary transformation of the Eastern society public administration is far from the models described in the framework of the single line modernization theories and liberal-democratic theories of public adminis- tration. The article proves the hypothesis about the feasibility of the transition to the “multiple moderni- ties” paradigm and formed “convergent” approach in the development of public administration theory.
Job mobility is one of the key indexes of labor market flexibility. The article presents the results of public/private sector mobility. This is an empirical work based on data of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey - Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE) from 2004-2013. Binary choice and Heckman models are used to analyze factors of sector switching. Findings suggest that the volume of flows between sectors is relatively small. But job change in public sector often means a switch to private sector. Significant wage gap between sectors leads to the outflow of the most skilled workers from the public sector. Government can attract workers only by non-material incentives. But it results in self-selection to public sector passive, risk-averse workers.
The article examines special politically-legal and social status of Muslim community in the USA. Not only positive experience of ethnopolitical integration is described, but also a number of problems connected to this situation.
The article analyzes the features, main conceptual approaches and material presentation model in "The Atlas of Modernization in Russia and its Regions: Socioeconomic and Sociocultural Trends and Problems". Modernization is shown as a part of the global civilizational process in Russia and its regions, Russia's place among other countries in modernization process. An enormous volume of information is disclosed, being the basis of the materials given in the Atlas. An interdisciplinary nature of the study presented in the Atlas is pointed out. This allowed us to consider modernization from the technological, economic, social, political and socio-cultural point of view, and to show modernization as a process associated with rational humanism, in which not only the country and its regions, but also each person is interested.
Article is devoted to the last decades world search of new model of relations of the state and the citizen. The causes of the general falling of authority of traditional bureaucratic structures, their insuffi cient ability adequately to react to new social and technological calls are considered. The serious changes occurring in national systems of public service are investigated.
The article is devoted to state machinery reforming in Russia, to search of new model of mutual relations of the state and the citizen. Stages of reforms, the reasons of an inefficiency of acts are analyzed.
Since 2011 Russian authorities have taken a number of measures aimed at protecting entrepreneurs from raiding. Basing on publications in the media about the violent pressure on business (4947 articles in 2011 and 3703 articles in 2015), we shown that the instruments of raiding attacks had changed by the year 2015. So by 2015, this time the methods of "white" raiding have become more widespread, namely, the use of loopholes in legislation. However "gray" and "black" raiders are still active in Russian regions, although they have become much riskier.
The paper presents an analytical review of the events related to the mass political protests that took place in the U.S.A. in the autumn of 2011. Its issues can be used as an empirical basis for comparison of the situations in Russia and other countries.
The author addresses the question of the relationship between religious and national identity, in particular to those cases where there is their identifi cation. The author focuses on the Spanish experience of 1930-s, when formed the ideological construction of the so-called national-Catholicism was formed, justifying special spiritual mission of the nation, based on its alleged inherent rejection of democracy. Over the next few decades, the National Catholicism played the role of the offi cial ideology of the Franco regime. The article compares the Spanish experience with the situation in today's Russia, where, according to the author, there is a tendency for "nationalization" of religion, its politicization and indoctrination.
The paper compares some basic aspects of the national identity of Russian and American students. We have analyzed the views of the students at three leading Russian universities (MSU, MGIMO and NRU HSE) and at Princeton University (USA). The study is based on comparing of Russian students’ positions with those of the Princeton University’s students (USA). The paper consists of two articles. The first article published bellow includes the analysis of the students’ normative perceptions of their countries. The second one is devoted to the aspects of attitudes towards the country that render it an object of national identity (country favoritism, a level of criticism towards the country and a specificity of duty to the country fulfillment)
The authors of the article compare some basic national identity aspects of Russian and American students. The views of the students of the three leading Russian universities (MSU, MGIMO and NRU HSE) and at Princeton University (USA) were analysed. The study is based on the comparison of Russian students positions with those of the Princeton University students (USA). The features under study in the article are aspects of attitudes towards the country that render it an object of national identity (country favoritism, a level of criticism towards the country and particular way ob manifestation of duty for the country).