In this study the authors researched the task to calculate the direct costs of economic entities in the collection and provision of primary statistical data. The authors developed and tested the Methodology for estimating the costs associated with gathering data, completing, calculating and verifying values of indicators of reporting forms. The authors calculated the direct costs of budgetary and commercial organizations in the social sphere to collect and provide forms of reporting and government costs – to collect and aggregate. The versatility of the Methodology allows to use it also for costs of the respondents to the collection of other types of reporting.
We share approaches on the allocation of private and social costs and assessed costs of opportunism of economic agents in the collection and provision of official statistical information, using the author's method of collection and analysis of the respondent’s opinions on the Internet.
The authors propose a new approach to estimate information costs in value terms.
Performance management of local governance in Russia becomes nowadays more important. It happens due to the fact that a quality of public and local services in a great extent determines a quality of day-to-day life. Nevertheless the performance management for local authorities couldn’t be formed downwards. Primarily these methods should provide citizens’ satisfaction of an urban environment quality. Accordingly composite performance management methods for local authorities should be developed. They ought to combine the statistics and citizens’ surveys results.
In this article we present an analysis of Russian legislation and a regional practice of local authorities performance management. Also was formed a chart of analysis of different departments of city administrations to develop some elements of assessment and monitoring of local authorities activities and enhance citizens’ satisfaction. In addition, were discussed some questions of the statistics and surveys results correlation and possible errors of assessment.
Analysis was based on seven main aspects of performance management systems: a form of assessment criteria confirmation, authority for assessment criteria establishment, authority for performance assessment and payment decision-making, methods of assessment, a form of performance assessment results, consequences of positive assessment and consequences of negative assessment. Despite of apparent similarities of performance management systems in different countries, most of them have particular features that lead success or inefficiency of performance management of senior civil service. As a result, several suggestions for performance assessment and motivation of senior civil servants in Russia were made. They include three main stages of application of performance management instruments. The first stage supposes setting up performance objectives for senior civil servants. The second stage assumes an experiment of limited use of performance bonuses for senior civil servants in some ministries. Results of this experiment should be used to form normative and methodological foundation for further application of these instruments in other ministries and agencies (the third stage).
The article accumulates the Russian and foreign experience in assessing e- Government eff ectiveness. Th e methodologies were divided into two main groups: the assessment of e-Government readiness (including the assessment of governmental portals) and the evaluation of e-Government eff ects. Th e methods and criteria which are the most interesting from the point of view of their realization in the Russian practice were determined within the methodologies and techniques mentioned in the article. Th is article suggests some methods, indicators and criteria of assessing e-Government eff ectiveness which are appropriate for the Russian Federation reality.
Effect assessment recently becomes crucial for antitrust enforcement in developed countries. Russian antitrust legislation also allows assessment of pro-efficiency effects and their comparison with anti-competitive effects for several types of the actions that are potentially illegal under the law ‘On protection of competition’. Better implementation of the effects assessment requires special analysis of the recent developments in the enforcement, and that is the objective of this article. Articles explains common features and differences between the pairs of decision rules such as effect-based vs. object-based enforcement and rule of reason (ROR) vs per se illegality. We show that effect-based approach in Russian enforcement should improve social welfare. At the same time legislation and motivation of Russian competition authority allow to take into account positive impact of the practice in the fi eld of the effi ciency but does not strictly require this approach. The analysis use dataset of judicial reviews of the infringement decisions of Russian competition authority (FAS) on agreements and concerted practice during the period 2008–2012 (400 decisions overall). We found that efficiency considerations (taking into account the Article 13 conditions of the law ‘On protection of competition’) rarely determine the outcome of judicial review of infringement decision (only 5 cases from 400). Also, if competition authorities and judges take efficiency considerations into account they do it in arbitrary manner without full quantitative assessment.
While public funding of nongovernmental organizations is a highly sought-after
form of NGO support, its amount still does not meet the demand. International experi-
ence provides examples of solutions to this problem. Instead of transferring the grant-
making function to designated operators, the state encourages grantmaking foundations
to leverage their assets, both financial and institutional, within the framework of phil-
anthropic-government partnerships. This paper aims to explore and synthesize interna-
tional best practices of joining resources of the state and charitable foundations, which
results in a tangible increase in NGO financial support and its effectiveness. The paper
focuses on partnership models, such as engaging foundations in grant-making and le-
veraging resources with government; government match-funding programs to incentiv-
ize private donations to charitable foundations; developing various types of institutional
partnerships between the state and foundations. Civil society monitoring conducted in
2015 and 2016 by the HSE Center for Studies of Civil Society and the Nonprofit Sector
helped expose challenges and barriers that make philanthropic-government partnerships
difficult to initiate and manage. Analysis of the international experience of coping with
these challenges has helped to propose measures to overcome such barriers in the Russian
context. Examples include the use of innovative tools, such as leveraging resources of the
state and foundations for grantmaking purposes within the framework of philanthropic-
government partnerships; introducing a ratio of government match funding to attract
private donations in the priority areas of education, research and culture; developing vari-
ous institutional arrangements to ensure effective collaboration between foundations and
government agencies (joint councils, task forces, discussion platforms, etc.)
The paper deals with the problems and priorities of the future development of primary producer regions of Russia. We design a regional strategy for socioeconomic development to 2025-2030. The analysis concerns growth and diversification of the economy of regions, where raw materials are abundant, in order to scale back the exploitation of mineral resources and diversify the economy. Almost all strategies involve a gradual change of the vector in the direction of modernization and diversification of the economy. We emphasize that the important role here is for a new regional policy.
The article is devoted to stimulating activity of human resources in the legal field. The author defines the nature of human behaviour and types of behavioral responses; shows the influence that law consciousness and legal norms make on the variety of social roles; substantiates the suggestions on using some behavioral patterns while legislating and executing the laws.
Government agencies are actively implementing performance measurement instruments (PM). The eﬀect of these instruments on civil servants’ work environment is understudied. This study explores the link between performance measurement system implementation and civil servants’ job satisfaction. We analyze data from a survey of 277 civil servants using structural equation modelling (SEM). Our results show that employees working in organizations with implemented PM systems are more satisfied with their jobs, demonstrate lower turnover intention, and are more result-oriented. These employees also show a higher organizational identification and have a clearer vision of organizational goals. The survey results indicate that PM tools have a significant potential in increasing job satisfaction among civil servants.
The paper addresses the issues of organization of medical care in the Russian Federation and explores the case of specialized medical care restructuring. The new approach towards specialized medical care povision is suggested as an alternative to the prevalent understanding of the restructuring such as reduction of hospital beds, hospitals and their staff for financial reasons. The new approach includes (1) a four-level system of medical aid, (2) the expansion of disease prevention, (3) the introduction of standardized approaches in routine work, (4) a thorough quality control at all levels of medical care.
The pilot project of the restructuring of urologic medical care started in 2010 in Voronezh region. The empirical data were provided by the Institute of Urology (Moscow) and Voronezh Regional Health Department.
The implimentation of a new approach revealed poor performance of the primary medical care provision. The outcomes of the pilot project were an increase in detecting diseases and in the availability of specialized outpatient and inpatient care. The overcoming of the previous system’s flaws caused the need to increase health care costs. However, the introduction of new organizational technologies, providing urological care, resulted in lower unit costs by 21.7% over four years.
Experience of the structural reform presented in the article shows that in cases where inefficiency of the health care system is associated not only with unreasonably high costs for treatment of diseases, but also with insufficient or delayed detectability of diseases, introduction of new approaches to the organization of health care does not lead to saving costs, but to increasing effectiveness and efficiency of health care provision.
The importance of developing small enterprise at all levels (federal, regional, municipal)is pressing in Russia now. Solving this matter is seen to be a possibilityto speed up modernization of the economy in Russia, to transfer it to an innovativeway of development and to fi nd more effi cient models to support small enterprise.Since forming small enterprise takes place at the municipal level, it is therethat our attention must be focused on.Th e author singles out three main stages of the interaction of small businesswith local authorities: the fi rst stage (from 1990 to 2003) is a period of an activesearch for models of support; the second stage (from 2003 to 2007) is a period oflocal government reforms an its further development; the third stage (from early2008 to the present time) is a period of passive activity of the local administrationbodies and limited possibilities to support small enterprise. Th e article also characterizesthese three stages.
The government eff ectiveness increase remains a challengeable task in the current management research and practice agenda for the last decade. At the same time experts rather oft en propose as a solution tool for this task a formalized and complete description of federal executive authorities’ activity. The goal of this paper is the development of the automated federal authorities’ powers registry conception as a means to describe executive authorities’ activity. Th e registry implementation will help to realize the transfer to a new order of resource support for government authorities’ activity. In this paper we demonstrate the conception of legal regulation for the Registry (doing changes in President’s Order of March 9, 2004 № 314 «About a System and Structure of Federal Executive Authorities») and means of its update. Th e authors propose to manage the Registry in the format of government information system. The links between the Registry and other relevant government information systems are outlined as well. We describe possible attributes in the Registry. We design a mechanism for relationship establishment by means of the Registry between federal authorities’ powers and their provision process with personnel and fi nancial resources (including necessary changes in budgetary process).