David-Fox`s article addresses the diversity of approaches to the concept "modernity" in historiography (mostly Anglo-American) of pre-Soviet, Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. Although the concept of modernity is foundational for most historians, its meaning is still contentious. David-Fox lays out four basic approaches to modernity in application to Russia. Representatives of the first approach reject the notion that there has ever been modernity in Russia: for them, Russia is still a pre-modern state. the second approach suggests that Russian modernity exists and essentially resembles modernity in other countries; it is part of general international historical development. The third approach acknowledges the existence of many different modernities, each unique to its own state and region. Finally, the fourth approach proposes many modernities that are capable of intertwining amongst themselves, mixing with traditional elements and creating various hibrid formations.
The article analyses Kai Mikkonen's book "Narratology of Comic Art" and speculates on its influence on contemporary comic studies and on transmedial narratology in Europe and worldwide
The article is critique on the monorraph by Vitaliy Tichonov "The Mockow Hisrorical School in first half on XX centure. The sсientific heritage by U.V. Gotie, S.B. Veselovsky, A.I. Yakovlev and S.V. Bachrushin".
Tatiana Borisova examines the connection, heretofore neglected by scholars, between Anatoly Koni’s theory of the right to necessary defense (1866) and the acquittal of Vera Zasulich (1878). Adhering to an expanded understanding of necessary defense, Koni, who presided over the trial, organized it such that arguments in favor of the defense of society from despotism prevailed, even if this aim was achieved through crime. Given the absence of other legal forms of societal participation in making important political decisions, the acquittal of Zasulich became an important act of political solidarity. At the same time, this victory of «societal conscience» over the law enabled both the escalation of despotism and violence and the affirmation of the egalitarian element in the understanding of social equality in post-reform Russia.
Viacheslav Vsevolodovich Ivanov and his Pasternak's studies
Using a set of psychoanalytic metaphors (repression, the family romance, obsessional neurosis, the cathartic method), this article analyzes New Journalism that altered power dynamics in the 1960s American literature and journalism. On the one hand, it was a literary phenomenon and as such strengthened nonfiction as opposed to fiction. On the other, it remained journalism and as such considerably weakened “objectivity” that had dominated American journalism since the 1920s but suffered reputational damage in the 1950s due to the press’ involuntary involvement in McCarthyism. New Journalism’s major ideologue and practitioner was Tom Wolfe who discovered new creative possibilities in the early 1960s. He was forced to do so, having realized the inadequacy of the journalistic language he knew to new social and cultural realia that attracted his attention. In the early 1970s Wolfe summarized, in a way, the decade of New Journalism, defining its role, suggesting its theory, and outlining its history. Insisting on its literary lineage, however, and stressing its originality, Wolf disregarded a rich tradition of literary journalism that since the 1890s was bridging the gap between subjectivities, as a scholar put it, employing devices associated with fiction. A link in the chain of literary journalism, New Journalism is an important topic in a discussion of literary anthropology.