Closeness is one of predictors of stability and satisfaction with romantic relationships. Despite the large number of studies intersubjective perspective on the phenomenon is not fully disclosed in the literature. In particular, few works are devoted to the dynamics of I providing this special kind of experience of pre-reflective connectedness among people. Based on the concept of the reflected agency of V. A. Petrovsky and on the principles of a new personology (V. A. Petrovsky, E. B. Starovoitenko), the article considers closeness as a special experience of connection with others, achieved through reciprocal representation of reflected agency (otherness, to which I do not want to resist). In accordance with the levels of reflected agency, three levels of closeness are described, and important aspects that constitute the phenomenon (risk, authentic expression of emotions, alternation of openness and delimitation in relationships) are revealed.
The problem of human coping with difficult life situations. Taking into account the criticism of the "postulate congruity" - adaptability of mental processes and behavioral acts of the individual. The author analyzes the main approaches to the study of coping on the example of behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, cognitive behavior therapy and gestalt therapy. The challenge is to reconcile, on the one hand, individual target setting for adaptation, and the other - its aspiration to move beyond the limits of the situation. In the context of multisubject approach V.A. Petrovsky is an attempt to solve this problem unfolded. It has been shown both by masters the behavior (that means "suprasituational" position of the person) open new possibilities for resolving a difficult situation (through that you need to go through to get into the world of "the other side" know). It presents various options for scanning the subject's activity - new models of adaptive and maladaptive behaviors. In psychological discourse introduced a new concept - emotional "flutter" ("bumpiness") - which means a state of heightened tension and instability, due to the uncertainty of a positive or negative outcome of the situation. The idea of passing emotional flutter regarded as "psychological tool" (L.S. Vygotsky) seizes behavior.
The study is intended to cover problem of mastering the logical methods, in particular, the rule of transitivity. The general purpose of the study is to demonstrate the mindset effect in solving problems dealing with understanding of transitivity, when as the result of education people apply the rule of transitivity to situations in which it could not be applied to. The baseline results of the empirical study show that up to 70% of people make mistakes in dealing with "non-transitive" problems (objective relations between the objects of the problem is A>B>C>A) because of using the rule of transitivity. It confirms preliminary proposition.