The artickl deals with the short-term and medium-term perspectives of the new political regime, which started to develop after president Medvedev came to power in 2008. New qualities, which the new president and the prime-minister acquired in the two-centered system, are analyzed. According to the author, the political reforms of 2008-2009 correspond to the model of "imposed transition", which informed the whole Post-Soviet political development. Man trends of the current stage of political transformation, i.e. the deconcentration at the "highest levels" of power, the differenciation of the consolidated political system, the emergence of the "political cartel" (predominant party + "niche parties") are analyzed in detail.
The article is devoted to estimation of the impact of cultural diversity on economic growth in the Russian regions in the framework of the neoclassical theory of economic growth. The model developed by R.Barro and X.Sala-i-Martin, called β-convergence, was used as a theoretical basis for the study. The main finding is that cultural diversity has an impact on economic growth but the focuses on the regions with higher population density and regions with small populations give controversial results. So, in general, ethnic fragmentation of society is insignificant factor for income convergence of the regions, but in regions with a low number of economically active population it is a negative factor for economic growth. Generally, diversity of the population by region of origin, generated by internal migration, is a significant positive factor for the convergence of regions, but it happens at the expense of the regions with a high population density. A similar pattern is observed with the impact of diversity by country of origin generated by international migration. Religious diversity has a statistically significant impact on the income growth rate only in regions with a small number of economically active population, and it is negative.
The article examines the main characteristics of the institutional structure of Russia: its historical origin and modern features. The attention is drawn to two opposite approaches: Russia is moving in the general stream of modernization, or it is going along a special path opposing the institutions of rule of law. The clashes between Moscovia and the Great Duchy of Lithuania in the past were interpreted as a confrontation between two incompatible civilization: the Asian (state) mode of production and the lawbased society. Six main qualities of the presence institutional core (the matrix of Muscovy) are singled out along with the role of culture as an informal institution and its decisive influence on the development and the countries prospects.
Moral notions has always had a great impact on reception of economics. The paper considers some basic elements of a moral opposition to economics and economic liberalism.
The artice fixed specificity "Russian Dream" and same of its key elements, its connections with the basic ideas of Russian national prodject
Leaning against the concept of the power-property, the author analyzes such categories, as world city and world village. It considers them on a global scale, shows problems and the contradictions connected with attempts of the countries of catching up development to master achievement of the developed part of the world
The article presents analytical e ciency of the new approach to political processes and to the public administration theory based on “multiple modernities” concept. The authors note that public adminis- tration theories are not universal. Moreover, the theories are inapplicable outside the countries with libe- ral-democratic regimes, especially in the states with “hybrid” political regimes and a mixed system of eco- nomic, social and cultural relations. These political and socio-economic development types of states can rarely be de ned as temporary and transitional, they are rather extremely stable. This is especially true in Eastern societies preserved clan system and patron-client relationships, which permeate the entire civil service hierarchy. The two Central Asian countries Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan were chosen to show that these types of relationship give a rise to corruption, but it simultaneously performs a number of important social functions and even can be used as the resource for modernization by the authorities. The evolution- ary transformation of the Eastern society public administration is far from the models described in the framework of the single line modernization theories and liberal-democratic theories of public adminis- tration. The article proves the hypothesis about the feasibility of the transition to the “multiple moderni- ties” paradigm and formed “convergent” approach in the development of public administration theory.
Job mobility is one of the key indexes of labor market flexibility. The article presents the results of public/private sector mobility. This is an empirical work based on data of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey - Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE) from 2004-2013. Binary choice and Heckman models are used to analyze factors of sector switching. Findings suggest that the volume of flows between sectors is relatively small. But job change in public sector often means a switch to private sector. Significant wage gap between sectors leads to the outflow of the most skilled workers from the public sector. Government can attract workers only by non-material incentives. But it results in self-selection to public sector passive, risk-averse workers.
The article examines special politically-legal and social status of Muslim community in the USA. Not only positive experience of ethnopolitical integration is described, but also a number of problems connected to this situation.