The article examines the main characteristics of the institutional structure of Russia: its historical origin and modern features. The attention is drawn to two opposite approaches: Russia is moving in the general stream of modernization, or it is going along a special path opposing the institutions of rule of law. The clashes between Moscovia and the Great Duchy of Lithuania in the past were interpreted as a confrontation between two incompatible civilization: the Asian (state) mode of production and the lawbased society. Six main qualities of the presence institutional core (the matrix of Muscovy) are singled out along with the role of culture as an informal institution and its decisive influence on the development and the countries prospects.
Moral notions has always had a great impact on reception of economics. The paper considers some basic elements of a moral opposition to economics and economic liberalism.
The artice fixed specificity "Russian Dream" and same of its key elements, its connections with the basic ideas of Russian national prodject
Leaning against the concept of the power-property, the author analyzes such categories, as world city and world village. It considers them on a global scale, shows problems and the contradictions connected with attempts of the countries of catching up development to master achievement of the developed part of the world
The article presents analytical e ciency of the new approach to political processes and to the public administration theory based on “multiple modernities” concept. The authors note that public adminis- tration theories are not universal. Moreover, the theories are inapplicable outside the countries with libe- ral-democratic regimes, especially in the states with “hybrid” political regimes and a mixed system of eco- nomic, social and cultural relations. These political and socio-economic development types of states can rarely be de ned as temporary and transitional, they are rather extremely stable. This is especially true in Eastern societies preserved clan system and patron-client relationships, which permeate the entire civil service hierarchy. The two Central Asian countries Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan were chosen to show that these types of relationship give a rise to corruption, but it simultaneously performs a number of important social functions and even can be used as the resource for modernization by the authorities. The evolution- ary transformation of the Eastern society public administration is far from the models described in the framework of the single line modernization theories and liberal-democratic theories of public adminis- tration. The article proves the hypothesis about the feasibility of the transition to the “multiple moderni- ties” paradigm and formed “convergent” approach in the development of public administration theory.
Job mobility is one of the key indexes of labor market flexibility. The article presents the results of public/private sector mobility. This is an empirical work based on data of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey - Higher School of Economics (RLMS-HSE) from 2004-2013. Binary choice and Heckman models are used to analyze factors of sector switching. Findings suggest that the volume of flows between sectors is relatively small. But job change in public sector often means a switch to private sector. Significant wage gap between sectors leads to the outflow of the most skilled workers from the public sector. Government can attract workers only by non-material incentives. But it results in self-selection to public sector passive, risk-averse workers.
The article examines special politically-legal and social status of Muslim community in the USA. Not only positive experience of ethnopolitical integration is described, but also a number of problems connected to this situation.
The article analyzes the features, main conceptual approaches and material presentation model in "The Atlas of Modernization in Russia and its Regions: Socioeconomic and Sociocultural Trends and Problems". Modernization is shown as a part of the global civilizational process in Russia and its regions, Russia's place among other countries in modernization process. An enormous volume of information is disclosed, being the basis of the materials given in the Atlas. An interdisciplinary nature of the study presented in the Atlas is pointed out. This allowed us to consider modernization from the technological, economic, social, political and socio-cultural point of view, and to show modernization as a process associated with rational humanism, in which not only the country and its regions, but also each person is interested.
Article is devoted to the last decades world search of new model of relations of the state and the citizen. The causes of the general falling of authority of traditional bureaucratic structures, their insuffi cient ability adequately to react to new social and technological calls are considered. The serious changes occurring in national systems of public service are investigated.