"How Many Bodies has the King?" is a critical essay on one of the most influential twentieth century medievalists, Ernst Kantorowicz. It was written in occasion of the recently published long-expected russian translation of his famous "The King's Two Bodies". The author proposes his own view on the role and place of Kantorowicz in the development of medieval studies in the past decades on today.
The article analyzes the formation of the language of the Stalinist cultural policy on the material of musical-ideological discourse of the 1920s — 1950s. The author attempts to disassociate herself from the Zhdanov’s narrative about the struggle of two schools in the Soviet music. This narrative is still dominates the historical-musicological research. The author interprets ideological definitions used to characterize the composer's work, — such as «formalism», «naturalism», «reactionary character», «cosmopolitism», «truthfulness», «sincerity», «simplicity», «nationality», «partisanship», — in a new, ethical perspective. The author demonstrates that the accusations of formalism, put forward by some musical ideologists from RAPM to Zhdanov and his followers, were in fact an appeal to a paradoxical ethical norm.
Analysis of various approaches to the study of everyday life shows the importane of literary texts as a source of not only facts from daily life of the past, but also of the views of the author's contemporaries on a variety of events. "Starik Khottabych", a tale by Soviet children's story writer L/Laguin, is discussed as an unconventional example of how changes in everyday life are reflected in the literature of the time. Similarities are also revealed between "Starik Khottabych" and the highly acclaimed satirical novels by Ilf and Petrov, "Twelve Chairs" amd "The Little Golden Calf". In both cases, a protagonist disconnected from Soviet realities serves to create an estrangement effect, which highlights some problems inherent in that reality and not necessarily articulated by the contemporaries.
The ideal type of “Soviet man,” presented in popular musical genres, is characterized by radical novelty and constitutive universalism, which is illustrated using the material of Soviet “songs about time,” understood not simply as a thematically distinct genre. The history of the “Soviet” as such, can be read as the story of the rise and intensification of reflection of collective engagement into the temporal cognition. In the period under review, from the late twenties to mid-sixties, you receive a lot of songs, somehow fixing the course of time: here thematized not just subjective experience of immersion into an unordered medium of temporality, but the presence of a sustainable and rational order, to which this medium is submitted.
Interview with Nick Srnicek, one of the authors of the "#Accelerate" manifesto.
Nowadays the academic environment has a rather shallow representation of the analysis of TV series. The main subject of this article is the analysis of the TV show “Girls” in the context of how the labour market conditions of today are perceived by the Y-generation, their attitude towards the intstitution of education and also the social function of money. The consideration of Girls in this article is not accidental, as this TV show seems to be important in terms of most essential issues of our time, since it was created by twenty-year-olds for their peers. The article discusses the HBO series Girls (2012-), emphasizing the attitude of today’s 20-year-olds towards labor, education and the social function of money. Recently, the references to mass culture products are considered a good form in the academic environment. Nonetheless, the discussion and the analysis of the TV series are still seen as a classroom activity, and have yet to be represented in the scientific magazines. Author attempts the analysis of the Girls TV Show through the contemporary theoretical works, raising the issues of immaterial labor and the issue of whether the education in Humanities is necessary in the XXI century. Apart from referring to the theoretical sources, this article also draws parallels with other TV shows such as How to make it in America (HBO, 2010-2011) and Shameless (Showtime. 2011-), that touch similar problems. In the article, the lines of the main characters are thoroughly analyzed in the context of the labor relationships, their education and the investment in the human capital, provided by their relatives. Author considers questions of this kind worthy of discussion, since they are being raised and put forward by the generation of 20-year-olds in a form of a TV show on a cable television: Girls was created and directed by Lena Dunham, a young woman who also plays the main part in the show. The suggested approach draws the discussion about the TV series beyond the common debates that concern plot lines and acting.
The initial paragraph of Turgenev’s Khor and Kalynych (the opening story of A Sportsman’s Sketches) contrasts society and economy of two neighbouring regions. The key difference between two ways of life appears to depend on the use of forced labour in one region and its absence in another. Although the description is certainly based on Turgenev’s first-hand knowledge, it can be argued that the literary device behind it was inspired by a passage in the De la démocratie en Amérique» by Alexis de Tocqueville, who also contrasts two ways of life of two neighbouring regions and makes forced labour vs free labour responsible for the difference. It is likely that Tocqueville in turn made use of a literary device he had found in the Travels in France by Arthur Young: both Young and Tocqueville present two economically different worlds separated just by a river. While Tocqueville, a researcher, demonstrates the destructive influence of the slavery on the slave-owners and their society, Turgenev, a short story writer, shows the destructive influence of landowners on the lives of their serfs.
As long as they call it University The author considers the pointlessness of choosing between historical models of university. Instead, he proposes to find what is happening to knowledge today and whether it is relevant for higher education. Obviously, the internet and modern communication technologies affect the character of knowledge and the attitude towards it. The decline of the national state means a change of the principal partner and client of science. Now it is the individual customer who determines user-friendly content and form of knowledge. University bureaucracy does its best to satisfy his desires. It is this bureaucracy, not scholars-professors, who embody university now. Current trends in know- ledge and university are similar in Russia and in the West (the Bologna reform as a realization of the managerial turn), despite of the huge degree of corruption and plagiarism in the former.