In the S. Horujy’ text the "non-philosophy" of François Laruelle is treated as a phenomenon belonging to the modern trend of the deterritorialization of philosophy and choosing the way of the deterritorialization into science. Laruelle’s way of the deterritorialization is described, in which an interdisciplinary conceptual framework is constructed basing on transformed elements of quantum mechanics. Critical arguments of Husserl, Heidegger and Habermas against the deterritorialization into science are discussed and it is pointed out that non-philosophy exploits also another and directly opposite way of the deterritorialization, that into “non-semantics”, the discourse with disconnected meanings of its elements. Here non-philosophy becomes close to some currents in avant-garde art, which practiced so called transreason. The author discovers, in particular, profound similarity of discursive positions of Laruelle and Russian oberiuts. The resulting assessment of the combination of two opposite discursive strategies in non-philosophy is presented.
Nikolay Karamzin was a special person of his time. He was the first Russian traveler who went to the West not to learn, but to observe, he was the reformer of the Russian language, combining Russian identity with European words, and the first Russian historian, Russian "Tacitus". Karamzin, no doubt, has created a new type of Russian cultural person, which has come a long way to understand what means to be an enlightened individual.
In the paper the history of concept " new people " on materials of the Russian classical literature as it is presented to S.A.Nikolsky's monographies " Russian outlook “ New people ” as idea and the phenomenon: experience of judgement in domestic philosophy and the classical literature 40-60-х years of XIX century. (М.: Progress-tradition, 2012)is considered.
The essay on thinking of thinking. The article is motivated by the 80-th birth anniversary of outstanding psychologist and pedagogue V.V. Davydov who was engaged, in collaboration with D.B. Elkonin, in elaboration of psychological foundations and pedagogical practices of developing education. The program he has devised focused on the advance of schoolchildren’s capacity for theoretical thinking and formation of readiness, inclination and capacity for conceptual thinking. An attempt to apply V.V. Davydov’s ideas to analysis of the thinking per se is made. Special attention is given to reflexion and intuition.
The article deals with the problems of Evil, Good and Dignity in the thought of Leo Tolstoy that are considered in the perspective of Tolstoy’s criticism of the State bureaucracy and the dehumanization of the Man. Tolstoy was one of the first to examine the concept of “Mass Man” and showed its entrenching in public opinion and ideology in consequence of the law of inertia. The law countervailing social inertia is the law of infection. Tolstoy understood it as wavy spread better from one Human being to another, the involvement of all in a genuine (religious) life through self-denial and in living not for oneself, but for others and for God. Criticism of the State was not meant to anarchic destruction, but rather was connected with his faith in the spontaneous ability of the autonomous individual for responsible judgments and deeds.
In article the thesis that L. Shestov’s irrationalism is the form of the protest against the indifferent to human tragedy culture, which have subordinated individual existence to rational schemes, is proved. Philosophy of L. Shestov is a prevention of accident threatening to mankind to which the rationalism hypertrophy as a cultural value conducts.
Author – the protagonist of Karl Popper’s critical rationalism – considers critically Karl Popper’s philosophy of open society.Subject of the article contains: 1) risks and contretemps of methodological individualism; 2) risks of social development ignored by Popper’s philosophy of open society; 3) author’s conception of human, social and governmental openness.