The paper defines the role of logistics and supply chain management (SCM) as a way to raise sustainability of the company in order to eliminate economic crisis consequences and support business in this case. It is shown trends of consolidation of logistics both in business organizations and in national coverage. The importance of creating and managing knowledge base of companies’ personnel in the field of logistics and SCM as a source of sustainable competitive advantage is specified.
Taking into account the extremely limited number of qualified logisticians in the Russian labor market, it is offered the direction of additional education programs differentiation for advanced training and retraining of staff. The paper provides an example of International Center of Training in Logistics at the HSE which implements the range of programs of advanced training and retraining in logistics.
The main ways to improve the efficiency of business during the economic crisis by using tools of logistics and SCM are covered, among which are application of total costs principle; management and optimization of the inventory levels in the supply chain; development of controlling system in logistics; improvement of sustainability and reliability of supply chains, etc.�стики НИУ ВШЭ в части реализации спектра программ профессиональной переподготовки и повышения квалификации логистов
Рассмотрены основные пути повышения эффективности бизнеса компаний в условиях экономического кризиса при использовании инструментария логистики и SCM: использование принципа общих затрат; управление и оптимизация уровней запасов в цепях поставок; развитие системы контроллинга логистики; повышение надежности и устойчивости цепей поставок и др.
The article systematically covers and analyses methodological and practical problems in relation to a new specialization of “Logistics and supply chain management”. The article considers a wide range of issues connected with the main activity of logisticians and experts in supply chain management (SCM); with prestige of the profession / specialization; with opportunities of self-improvement, career development and alumni employment; as well as with supplementary post-graduate education. The article reveals advantages of using innovative (digital) technologies, information and computer-based systems and software products. The role of School of Logistics and the International Centre of Training in Logistics in establishment and development of this prospective specialization in Russia is shown.
The article examines conceptual problems of Distribution Logistics in view of realization of the «Distribution Management» function and the design of an effective logistical distribution network of a goods flow. Distribution Management demands logistics to have a constant control over the efficiency of organization of logistical processes in a distribution network. To increase efficiency of distribution network operation there should be a careful and all round assessment of the existing and perspective condition of a company’s distribution systems. The purpose of this effectiveness assessment of distribution systems of a company is to
thoroughly study the organization of logistical processes in the system, condition and operation control of a goods movement system and logistics operations costs and functions in distribution, and to reveal defects in organization, performance and control of logistical activities. The author considers interaction of logistics and adjacent company’s departments while managing distribution. Several unique algorithms of designing and reengineering of a distribution network are offered and it is shown in the case studies how they are realized.
The basic directions of use of toolkit of logistics and management of supplies chains for eliminations and preventions of the crisis phenomena in economy are considered. It is shown that integration and logistical coordination are the basic ways of economy of expenses and optimisation of stock level in supplies chains. Types of integration decisions and a commitment of optimisation of logistic business processes in supplies chains are considered.
Implementation of the construction of constantly operating automobile and Railway Bridge between the Crimea and continental of Russia will create new distribution of logistic infrastructure in the Azov sea region. In the article are investigated possibilities of logistic infrastructure and the most perspective investment projects of the Azov sea region for the purpose of an assessment of the risks, arising at possible change of chains of mixed deliveries, after a construction of the Bridge. The fulfilled analysis of the main freight traffics following now through ports of the region can become less demanded, and investment projects to lose appeal with the origin of the bridge, and it is necessary to take proposed measures for the solution of this problem.
In the article, the question of the organization of the mixed transportations of export freights is considered. Optimum giving of cars pays off with use of the developed model of interaction of railways transport and a warehouse from the enterprise.
The market of medical equipment presented in most cases by foreign-made goods is growing fast. It requires considering the peculiarities of logistics services under the conditions of the medical equipment utilization by medical preventive institutions. The problem is particularly acute for high-tech medical equipment sector. It is shown that the fundamental principles of the order cycle management are unchanged in the case of reverse logistics as well. However the specific material flow managed will lengthen order cycle. Moreover it will have the impact on the complexity and workload of logistics operations. The traditional definition of transactional and post transactional services, which was reflected in the choice of the set of indicators, requires a thorough application. It is especially true for the performance evaluation of services splitted in time-horizon.
Multi- and interdisciplinary nature of the supply chain management and modern logistic strategic potential define logistical context of a business model.
Some implications have been made based on the reviewed articles about logistics and business models. (1) It is evident that authors have little agreement about logistical challenges in business models that can be explained by lack of unity in understanding the business model concept. (2) Logistics and business models are interrelated. Logistics influences efficiency, results and possibilities of a business model development. Moreover, a business model defines requirements for logistics. (3) Significance of logistics in a business model is determined by the object of logistics which is an aggregate of interrelated material, information and financial flows. The system of material flows ensures management of information flows in the value chain. This in turn is a basis of fair distribution of financial results between supply chain partners.
The author uses a consolidated definition of a business model as an object that deals with assessment, creation, distribution and supply of value to the client, and also with allocation of profit collected thanks to its acknowledgement on the market. The researcher attempts to update logistics as an instrument of developing and applying a business model. It is emphasized that it has an unquestionable primary role in the chain to create, distribute and supply value to the client.
The author suggests and describes the model of a logistics business model and develops a system of indicators to evaluate and analyze logistics in a business model. The system of indicators can be used to complete two tasks. The first task is to evaluate logistical component of a business model to develop logistical strategy in a company. The second task is to analyze the results of logistical activity in the framework of a business model to understand the rationale to develop a new business model in a company.
The article covers issues of effectiveness of working capital management of a trading enterprise on the basis of the automated planning. This uses the logistic approach to the formation of a management strategy, providing the maximum win with minimal losses. To this end, they have developed a functional model of the process of planning of deliveries of the goods. Considered the analytical approach for probabilistic modeling of dynamics of movement of working capital on the basis of the simplified structure of the processes of interaction of economic agents of the company.
The oil industry forms the basis of the Russian economy, however, in recent years there has been a paradoxical situation in which the export of crude oil was the main source of filling the budget, while the oil refining industry was subsidized. The reason for this situation, along with the technological backwardness of Russian refineries, can largely be attributed to logistics due to the significant remoteness of refineries from markets, as well as the Russian tax system, in which this problem is not properly taken into account. This paper studies the world experience of taxation of the oil industry and on the basis of analysis with the effects of logistics formulates recommendations for improving the Russian fiscal regime, aimed at solving the problem of balancing between the replenishment of the budget and the government's desire to modernize the Russian oil industry.
The situation with logistics and the supply chain management (SCM) in the Russian companies is considered. It is shown that the logistics for the majority of the domestic enterprises is at operational level. The reasons of lag of management level with logistics and personnel preparations on logistics and of the Russian enterprises from the western companies are opened. The hierarchical structure of preparation and personnel retraining on logistics in Russia is offered. The best practices of realization of a wide range of programs of training on logistics and SCM offered by the International center of training in the field of logistics of National research university «Higher school of economy» are considered.