This article presents an analysis of management practices that lead to increase of competitiveness of St. Petersburg branch of the National Research University Higher School of Economics on the national market in 2013– 2018. The authors discuss a list of the main indicators of success of changes in Russian universities in the context of the institutional and market conditions of Russian higher professional education in the early 2010s. The article highlights and analyzes the main groups of factors of changes in university management: a new strategic vision and the formation of a critical mass of supporters of change, introduction of internal institutions of change along with external institutions of change. The authors argue that radical increase of market competition drives complex changes within Russian universities, which require significant changes both in the strategic positioning and in the organization of primary and support business processes. Such changes are close to changes in corporate sector of firms in conditions of radical transformation of the external environment. The analysis presented in the article can be useful for the management of Russian universities when choosing tools to accelerate university changes.
The results of the analysis of the current state of the regional higher education systems are presented in the paper as the basis for the development of the regional higher education systems typology. Possible approaches for the governance of the higher education in terms of regions and the principles enabling to establish the balance between universities’ activities and challenges for regional development are proceeded from the match of the typology of the regional higher education systems and regional socio-economic conditions.
The article presents results of the servey devoted to impacts of international staff members of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. It identifies the main directions of their activity and analyses their contribution to the university development. The servey highlights difficulties they face in their routine work as well as when they realize specific initiatives. It also presents the comparison of Russian and foreign practices of international faculty’s activities.
Abstract. Massification, digitalization and bureaucratization are now the major trends that shape higher education. Massification has led to an inevitable problem of the heterogeneity of students and the need for adaptive learning; digitalization has created a need for distance learning technologies and, as a result, learning data production; finally, bureaucratization has meant that the education quality assessment now predominantly relies on quantitative rather than qualitative indicators. At the crossing of these trends, a new research interest has emerged, which develops both theoretical and practically oriented studies and which has become known as learning analytics. Learning analytics is now actively discussed in Western countries, where national policies to regulate and stimulate this sphere are designed and professional associations of specialists in learning analytics are created. Proponents of learning analytics believe that the data collected and analyzed by an education institution will help the management take more justified and objective decisions than those based on expert opinions. Learning analytics is understood in this paper as a necessary tool for detecting the weak sides of the curricula. It also helps build students’ individual learning trajectories, which is essential for an individualized approach in education and for making the learning process more adaptive. Opponents of learning analytics, in their turn, see it as a threat to the current balance of power in education, the roles of the teacher and manager, and point out the need for specific competencies and the danger of personal data breach. Russia is now left out of the global agenda: except for a few recent cases, learning analytics is still viewed by many as more of a promise than reality. This review is aimed at shedding light on the modern understanding of learning analytics, its development in the world and in Russia, the prospects and limitations of its application in Russia from the perspective of the key stakeholders in higher education. We also propose recommendations regarding the organization of a university learning analytics system. This article will be of interest to university managers and decision-makers, teachers and scholars of higher education as it provides information on the organization of a data management system, including the collection, analysis and use of data.
The article is a review of a research into academic productivity factors and approaches to its evaluation. The search for mechanisms of evaluating and managing academic staff productivity is an important challenge for research administrators and academic funds executives. Existing publications on academic productivity cover mainly two aspects: 1) methodology of productivity measurement and 2) factors negatively and positively influencing productivity of academic staff. This article presents main ideas of bibliometric approach to productivity measurement, different productivity indicators are classified and discussed. Factors influencing productivity are subdivided into three levels: individual (age, cooperation with colleagues, interdisciplinarity, internationalization, mobility and inbreeding, educational background and initial professional experience; marital status, gender); organizational (financing, organizational culture, bonus system, access to resources, prestige of an organization) and institutional (level of economic development of the country, political factors, religion). The article discusses an opportunity of considering different factors in administrative policy.
The material is presented as a conceptual article. The aim of the article is to define the development pattern of flagship universities that take particular place in the national system of higher education both in Soviet and post-Soviet times. The research design includes analysis of historic materials, regulative documents reflecting the peculiarities of higher education development in the Soviet times and in modern Russia. The research identifies three main stages of flagship university development. The first stage is characterized by flagship university development in the context of direct administration of the state whereas university «flagshipness» was restricted to a particular place in the educational system. The next stage suggested decreasing roles of flagship universities in the context of university autonomy and sharp decline of state involvement (1990s). At present flagship university development happens in the context of state participation with the aim of creating new educational network structure (2000 till present). At that moment two types of flagship universities are arising: multi-profile universities combining research mission with the mission of mega-region development and infrastructure universities driving regional development. In future it seems reasonable to conduct a series of interviews with representatives of flagship university administration in order to identify quality characteristics of these universities development in the context of national educational system development tasks.
In the article is given the analysis of law and practices of endowment funds in Russia. The author investigated the historical experience of donations to universities in Russia. A comparative analysis of the funds in Russia and the United States is done. Tasks for the development of an endowment in Russia are proposed.
The current growth of scientific knowledge has intensified the problem of research performance assessment. However, there is still a lack of the unified assessment methodology, largely due to the changing nature of modern science. At present, knowledge is increasingly generated by collective actors - research teams, rather than by individual scientists. These collective actors constitute a complex self-developing and evolutionary system, making its evaluation rather problematic. By using a goal-oriented approach, this paper seeks to identify specific characteristics of various research team types and suggests a qualitative criterion against which their research performance can be measured. It is shown that a research team forms and evolves around a goal that is shared by all its members; this common goal defines both structural-managerial characteristics of such a collective actor and qualitative attributes of attained research objectives. The obtained results - research team models and the qualitative criterion of their performance - can be used as a platform for further research into the cross-cultural, ethical, and economic dimensions of research teams, as well as for assessing research performance of actual teams.
This conceptual article presents microeconomic approaches to analyzing the shifts in universities’ expenses and the saving effects of the scale and scope of HEI’s activities. The authors provide an overview of econometric studies which assess the effects considered for universities in some countries. As a result, there comes to be questioned the economic feasibility of consolidating and expanding the universities’ activities, the reasonability of combining research with educational activities. The discussion concerns the transformation of the universities’ economy in the context of education digitalization, the prospects of the «economy of scale» and the «economy of scope» to be compared. The conclusions are drawn on the possible benefit for large universities, on its consequences for competition in higher education, and on the partnership benefits for all market players.
The research article presents the study of the main attribute of the university's visual representation – an emblem. Among the few works devoted to the process of university branding, there is no comprehensive analysis of the functioning of their visual representation, while the observed growth of branding work in various universities increasingly involves the emblem as a graphic identifier of the university. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, a structural and semiotic analysis of the emblems was carried out on a complete sample of Russian universities (917 cases), which allowed to characterize their structure and range of visual images, as well as to compile a typology of semiotic values. In the results, a characteristic of the semiotic bases of visual representation of Russian universities is given, as well as its functions in the process of university branding are defined. The research results have a wide practical application as a source of information about the use and purpose of university emblems in the higher education system, both for specialists involved in university branding (marketing specialists, sociologists, designers, etc.) and for PR departments, media centers and administrations. Nevertheless, the interpretative nature of the semiotic typology and the non-exclusive character of the classification of visual images allow only to designate the semantic directions of the universities positioning, but not to characterize specific educational institutions in terms of their models of visual communication. Additional studies are needed to determine the validity of the classification, as well as to clarify the semiotic bases for the proposed typology.
In the article is presented the analysis of university endowments organization, highlighting the main parts of the organization and theories of the functioning (flows) on the basis of a systematic approach of strategic management developed by Henry Mintzberg. Endowment fund activities are structured by synchronizing activities of the three organizations: the university, the endowment fund and the investment company.