Pavel Nerler presents a collection of materials written by M.L. Gasparov in connection with the Mandelstam Encyclopedia, including comments on the glossary, a 2001 round-table presentation on the project, and a fragment from a body of article s prepared by Gasparov for the encyclopedia (on the poems “I don’t know since when…”, “The Horseshoe Finder,” and “Milemarkers of the distant transport...”). The publication is preceded by a brief description of Gasparov as a Mandelstam scholar and as author of the Mandelstam Encyclopedia.
David-Fox`s article addresses the diversity of approaches to the concept "modernity" in historiography (mostly Anglo-American) of pre-Soviet, Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. Although the concept of modernity is foundational for most historians, its meaning is still contentious. David-Fox lays out four basic approaches to modernity in application to Russia. Representatives of the first approach reject the notion that there has ever been modernity in Russia: for them, Russia is still a pre-modern state. the second approach suggests that Russian modernity exists and essentially resembles modernity in other countries; it is part of general international historical development. The third approach acknowledges the existence of many different modernities, each unique to its own state and region. Finally, the fourth approach proposes many modernities that are capable of intertwining amongst themselves, mixing with traditional elements and creating various hibrid formations.
The article is critique on the monorraph by Vitaliy Tichonov "The Mockow Hisrorical School in first half on XX centure. The sсientific heritage by U.V. Gotie, S.B. Veselovsky, A.I. Yakovlev and S.V. Bachrushin".
Tatiana Borisova examines the connection, heretofore neglected by scholars, between Anatoly Koni’s theory of the right to necessary defense (1866) and the acquittal of Vera Zasulich (1878). Adhering to an expanded understanding of necessary defense, Koni, who presided over the trial, organized it such that arguments in favor of the defense of society from despotism prevailed, even if this aim was achieved through crime. Given the absence of other legal forms of societal participation in making important political decisions, the acquittal of Zasulich became an important act of political solidarity. At the same time, this victory of «societal conscience» over the law enabled both the escalation of despotism and violence and the affirmation of the egalitarian element in the understanding of social equality in post-reform Russia.