This article is devoted to the idea of personality relationship to the oppositions as "life ability" (K. A. Abulkhanova) of the subject. The article outlines three solutions of methodological problems. Firstly, this is the problem of "connection of personality with life" (E. B. Starovoitenko) via subject relationship to the oppositions. Secondly, it is a problem of formation of the subject in its relationship to the oppositions. And thirdly, is the problem of matching of the idea of subject's life ability to relate to the oppositions and idea of the subject's multilevel organization. The ways of empirical studying of cognitive relationship to the oppositions and analysis of the individual cases by the method of "The Book of Oppositions" (A.N. Isaeva) are presented in the paper.
Subjective vitality (the experience of having energy available to the self) is not only an important element of subjective well-being, but also a resource for professional activities. The article presents the results of comparing the level of subjective vitality among counsellors (N = 249) practicing different psychotherapeutic approaches. The study has shown that narrative practitioners, existential analysts, gestalt psychotherapists, transactional analysts, person-centered psychotherapists, psychoanalysts do not differ in terms of their level of subjective vitality. Significant interrelations between gender, work experience and subjective vitality were not revealed. At the same time an interesting association between the amount of sessions with clients per week and a psychotherapeutic approach was demonstrated. Person-centered and narrative practitioners who has maximum amount of sessions per week reported the highest level of subjective vitality while the existential analysts with the most intensive practice, on the contrary, - the lowest. Significant associations between amount of sessions per week and the level of subjective vitality among other groups of counsellors were not found.
The article is devoted to theoretical and empirical study offering solution to the problem of the dialogical preconditions of the personality’s I development and means of its social positioning. Conceptual approach to the problem is modeling of the relationship I – Other, where Other is the meaningful «Interlocutor» involved into dialogs with the personality. This helps subjective participation of the Other in the development of personality and its life among other people. The outcomes of the study are the theoretical model of the dialog I – Other, hermeneutics of the «Interlocutor» phenomenon in scientific and cultural contexts, empirical justification of the links between conscious subject activity of Interlocutors (real, imagined, ideal, secret, I-self) with general intention of the personality to Other, its social adaptation, holding authoritative position in society, positive valuation of privacy, reflexivity and completeness in personal life.
In this work the problem of learning and development of creativity with a view to the position of reflexive psychology, akmeology and pedagogics in the context of the human capital analysis in the conditions of modern society globalization is raised. The theme is urgent from the practical point of view in demand of a creative personality under conditions of the economic crisis and at the same time it is actual, because it interprets creativity in a new way according to interdisciplinary approach. The author emphasizes that a reflexively-creative potential is considered to be the backbone factor of professional and innovative activity in modern social space. On basis of philosophical foundations' analysis of psychology of creativity we theoretically build the conceptual model of reflexive creativity and we also examine the precedents of its psychology-pedagogical development in the secondary and high education (in case of reflexive-psycological support).
The article analyzes the historical$scientific and philosophy$methodological prepositions for the study the reflection in the evolution of human sciences. It is differentiated the key stages and directions of the reflexive psychology of selfity and creativity, and also for the first time it is generalized its theoretical foundations for transdisciplinary interaction with related sciences and applied use in social practice—management and education.
This work is devoted to the disclosure of reflection’s potential in working with the recollection of the unknown. Structure of meaningful life situation is proposed in the text. The structure is reconstructed from the texts of Sartre and considered in the context of personal recollection of situation. «The Unknown» in a situation is revealed through the Rubinstein’s idea of «implicit». The author's technique «My significant situation» is proposed. The technique launches the memory of situation of the unknown and models it's reflection. Also the analysis of case is presented.
The concept of national character is considered in the paper, Russian national character is analyzed from the point of view of Russian and foreign writers and philosophers. Results of researches of values dynamics on the boundary of XXI century on Schwarz's methodology in Russia and abroad are regarded. The values of Russians are compared to values of Western and the Eastern Europeans and to values of China people. The results of researches of values impact on economic development and the attitudes to innovations in Russia are analyzed.
In this article we analyze interactvity between knowledge of human nature and technical knowledge in psychological provision of personal development with the help of reflexive technologies of project work, formation, organizing and regulation of activities in socio-cultural life. According to the scientific school of reflexive methodology, psychology, achmeology and pedagogics of creativity we characterize socio-cultural, philosophical, methodological, historic-scientific preconditions, psychological and achmeological and techno-pedagogical foundation and reflexive psychological technologies of professional competence formation and the development of thinking and personality by distance education
The article proposes to use the construct «existential fulfilment», understood as the realization of the four fundamental existential motivations (FM) identified by A. Laengle, as a generalized criterion of personal adultness. In the theoretical part of the article the criteria of personal adultness proposed by different authors, are systematized in accordance with the concept of the four FMs. A quantitative study (N = 3677) demonstrated moderate positive correlations of the indicators of existential fulfilment with self-control and systemic reflection. In the quantitative-qualitative study (N = 53), performed on the basis of the modified «Life Line» method by V. V. Nurkova, it was revealed that the greatest contribution to the process of personal maturation to the age of 23 is made by events related to the formation of the ability to withstand and accept conditions and limitations of life (1st FM) and with the formation of the structure of the self, which is shown in ability to be authentic (3rd FM). The greatest number of positive events influencing personal adultness occurs at the age of 18—23 years, the greatest number of negative events that prevent adultness occurs before the age of 12 years. Further research is needed with the involvement of groups of respondents older than 40 years.
Closeness is one of predictors of stability and satisfaction with romantic relationships. Despite the large number of studies intersubjective perspective on the phenomenon is not fully disclosed in the literature. In particular, few works are devoted to the dynamics of I providing this special kind of experience of pre-reflective connectedness among people. Based on the concept of the reflected agency of V. A. Petrovsky and on the principles of a new personology (V. A. Petrovsky, E. B. Starovoitenko), the article considers closeness as a special experience of connection with others, achieved through reciprocal representation of reflected agency (otherness, to which I do not want to resist). In accordance with the levels of reflected agency, three levels of closeness are described, and important aspects that constitute the phenomenon (risk, authentic expression of emotions, alternation of openness and delimitation in relationships) are revealed.
The problem of human coping with difficult life situations. Taking into account the criticism of the "postulate congruity" - adaptability of mental processes and behavioral acts of the individual. The author analyzes the main approaches to the study of coping on the example of behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic psychology, cognitive behavior therapy and gestalt therapy. The challenge is to reconcile, on the one hand, individual target setting for adaptation, and the other - its aspiration to move beyond the limits of the situation. In the context of multisubject approach V.A. Petrovsky is an attempt to solve this problem unfolded. It has been shown both by masters the behavior (that means "suprasituational" position of the person) open new possibilities for resolving a difficult situation (through that you need to go through to get into the world of "the other side" know). It presents various options for scanning the subject's activity - new models of adaptive and maladaptive behaviors. In psychological discourse introduced a new concept - emotional "flutter" ("bumpiness") - which means a state of heightened tension and instability, due to the uncertainty of a positive or negative outcome of the situation. The idea of passing emotional flutter regarded as "psychological tool" (L.S. Vygotsky) seizes behavior.