From the point of view of personology and reflexive psychology we analyze the problems of aim forming self-attitude development with the help of reflection towards self-individuality. We characterize the phenomenology of a person's self-communication as a precondition for reflexive development of a creative individuality's self-attitude. The forming process of productive aim forming self-attitude towards self-individuality is examined on the material of reflexive and psychological analysis of life creativity of an outstanding writer and thinker M. M. Zoschenko.
In this article aspects of the meaning of the psychological crisis and suicidal behavior are considered. A new method (a questionnaire of sources of meaning T. Schnell) allows considering meaningfulness and crisis of meaning not as poles of one scale, but as two near independent dimensions. On the sample of 148 patients of crisis psychiatric care department the connections between meaningfulness, crisis of meaning and other characteristics of meaningfulness and psychological well-being were analyzed. With the help of cluster analysis, three patterns of meaning are distinguished, which are characterized by various combinations of meaningfulness and crisis of meaning. As a result patterns of the combination for different characteristics of meaning and clinical symptoms related to suicidal behavior were detected, and it was also revealed that the patterns of meaning were more diagnostic than the data of the clinical anamnesis.
This article is devoted to the idea of personality relationship to the oppositions as "life ability" (K. A. Abulkhanova) of the subject. The article outlines three solutions of methodological problems. Firstly, this is the problem of "connection of personality with life" (E. B. Starovoitenko) via subject relationship to the oppositions. Secondly, it is a problem of formation of the subject in its relationship to the oppositions. And thirdly, is the problem of matching of the idea of subject's life ability to relate to the oppositions and idea of the subject's multilevel organization. The ways of empirical studying of cognitive relationship to the oppositions and analysis of the individual cases by the method of "The Book of Oppositions" (A.N. Isaeva) are presented in the paper.
Subjective vitality (the experience of having energy available to the self) is not only an important element of subjective well-being, but also a resource for professional activities. The article presents the results of comparing the level of subjective vitality among counsellors (N = 249) practicing different psychotherapeutic approaches. The study has shown that narrative practitioners, existential analysts, gestalt psychotherapists, transactional analysts, person-centered psychotherapists, psychoanalysts do not differ in terms of their level of subjective vitality. Significant interrelations between gender, work experience and subjective vitality were not revealed. At the same time an interesting association between the amount of sessions with clients per week and a psychotherapeutic approach was demonstrated. Person-centered and narrative practitioners who has maximum amount of sessions per week reported the highest level of subjective vitality while the existential analysts with the most intensive practice, on the contrary, - the lowest. Significant associations between amount of sessions per week and the level of subjective vitality among other groups of counsellors were not found.
The article is devoted to theoretical and empirical study offering solution to the problem of the dialogical preconditions of the personality’s I development and means of its social positioning. Conceptual approach to the problem is modeling of the relationship I – Other, where Other is the meaningful «Interlocutor» involved into dialogs with the personality. This helps subjective participation of the Other in the development of personality and its life among other people. The outcomes of the study are the theoretical model of the dialog I – Other, hermeneutics of the «Interlocutor» phenomenon in scientific and cultural contexts, empirical justification of the links between conscious subject activity of Interlocutors (real, imagined, ideal, secret, I-self) with general intention of the personality to Other, its social adaptation, holding authoritative position in society, positive valuation of privacy, reflexivity and completeness in personal life.
In this work the problem of learning and development of creativity with a view to the position of reflexive psychology, akmeology and pedagogics in the context of the human capital analysis in the conditions of modern society globalization is raised. The theme is urgent from the practical point of view in demand of a creative personality under conditions of the economic crisis and at the same time it is actual, because it interprets creativity in a new way according to interdisciplinary approach. The author emphasizes that a reflexively-creative potential is considered to be the backbone factor of professional and innovative activity in modern social space. On basis of philosophical foundations' analysis of psychology of creativity we theoretically build the conceptual model of reflexive creativity and we also examine the precedents of its psychology-pedagogical development in the secondary and high education (in case of reflexive-psycological support).
The article analyzes the historical$scientific and philosophy$methodological prepositions for the study the reflection in the evolution of human sciences. It is differentiated the key stages and directions of the reflexive psychology of selfity and creativity, and also for the first time it is generalized its theoretical foundations for transdisciplinary interaction with related sciences and applied use in social practice—management and education.
The article is dedicated to the review of recent publications concerning today’s social situation of contemporary adolescents’ adulting. The analysis is based on works focused on contemporary Russian teenagers and youngsters research. Main points are the following: 1) characteristics of school and family as basic institutions of socialization; 2) youth’ destructive behavior involvement, namely aggression and school bullying; 3) social perception and values of contemporary adolescents: images of family, parents and other relevant social groups.
This work is devoted to the disclosure of reflection’s potential in working with the recollection of the unknown. Structure of meaningful life situation is proposed in the text. The structure is reconstructed from the texts of Sartre and considered in the context of personal recollection of situation. «The Unknown» in a situation is revealed through the Rubinstein’s idea of «implicit». The author's technique «My significant situation» is proposed. The technique launches the memory of situation of the unknown and models it's reflection. Also the analysis of case is presented.
The article presents a theoretical review of contemporary research on the phenomenon of solitude. Produced difference between the terms «solitude» and «loneliness». Three approaches to understanding loneliness are proposed — as a negative state, an existential givenness and complex experience, which can be both negative and positive. As well as two approaches to the definition of solitude — as an objective situation and a phenomenon of the inner world of a personality. Further perspectives on the study of the phenomenon of solitude are discussed, for example, the definition of the concept of «productive solitude» and its personal prerequisites that help to experience solitude in a constructive way
The concept of national character is considered in the paper, Russian national character is analyzed from the point of view of Russian and foreign writers and philosophers. Results of researches of values dynamics on the boundary of XXI century on Schwarz's methodology in Russia and abroad are regarded. The values of Russians are compared to values of Western and the Eastern Europeans and to values of China people. The results of researches of values impact on economic development and the attitudes to innovations in Russia are analyzed.
Within the framework of the holistic tradition in psychology (from J. H. Smuts to C.R. Rogers) the problem of human values is considered. The article analyzes the organismic psychological conceptions. 269 Particular attention is paid to the key concepts of the theoretical conception of C. R. Rogers — value system and valuing process. Discuss the characteristics of situations, activating the value system or the organismic valuing process as various landmarks of the process of self-investigation
In this article we analyze interactvity between knowledge of human nature and technical knowledge in psychological provision of personal development with the help of reflexive technologies of project work, formation, organizing and regulation of activities in socio-cultural life. According to the scientific school of reflexive methodology, psychology, achmeology and pedagogics of creativity we characterize socio-cultural, philosophical, methodological, historic-scientific preconditions, psychological and achmeological and techno-pedagogical foundation and reflexive psychological technologies of professional competence formation and the development of thinking and personality by distance education