The article analyzes archaic syntactic constructions in colloquial Russian when a noun in genitive appears as the direct object of a transitive verb (such as dat’ noža, etc.). The connection of such genitival constructions with the semantics of partitivity is demonstrated. The author concentrates on the origin and semantics of the approving or encouraging exclamation molodca! in the Russian spoken language. According to the author, it is a former genitive form of the direct object related to a verb of utterance (verbum dicendi), i. e. a part of a construction similar to such phrases as skazat’ duraka or pustit’ petuxa.
The paper explores the space of semantic and formal variability of pluperfect constructions in Slavic against a wider typological background; the areal context is also addressed. The study is based both on parallel corpora and typological questionnaires. Keywords: grammar typology, pluperfect, polysemy,
This paper is an overview of the current issues and tendencies in Computational linguistics. The overview is based on the materials of the conference on computational linguistics COLING’2012. The modern approaches to the traditional NLP domains such as pos-tagging, syntactic parsing, machine translation are discussed. The highlights of automated information extraction, such as fact extraction, opinion mining are also in focus. The main tendency of modern technologies in Computational linguistics is to accumulate the higher level of linguistic analysis (discourse analysis, cognitive modeling) in the models and to combine machine learning technologies with the algorithmic methods on the basis of deep expert linguistic knowledge.
The paper discusses a kind of relative constructions without dedicated markers of subordination. The author focuses on the problems related to their differentiation from other patterns, the grammatical means that may imply subordination without expressing it directly and touches upon the diachronic issues concerning unmarked relatives.
The aim of the present paper is to clarify some passages in the apocryphal Apocalypse of Abraham (a biblical apocryphon which has survived only in Russian Slavonic manuscripts), especially the fragments connected with the theology of the Divine Name. The author of the paper also tries to reconstruct original Semitic forms which are reflected in the names of God in the Slavonic translation of the apocryphon. Finally he wants to demonstrate that the Slavonic translation circulated in a Russian Jewish milieu in the Middle ages and was subject to revision and amendment. Some Semitisms in the text appear as later additions, which seem to have been introduced by medieval Jewish writers.
A brief summary of the 13th Old World Conference in Phonology (Budapest, January 2016) and the pre-conference talk by Paul Smolensky
The status and the vector of development of German dialects in Russia are an issue of fundamental im- portance not only for Russian dialectology but also for linguistics of island dialects in general. The article examines an under-investigated group of the Vyatka region German dialects, which occupy a special place in dialectology, for they experienced artificial mixing in the mid-twentieth century as a result of their speak- ers’ being forced into exile. This results in code switching, failures and mixing of switching in the speech of people using these dialects.