The author examines evidences of Diodorus’ «Library of History» concerning the political situation in South Italy in the early IV century B. C. One of the most important persons in this narrative is Heloris, who was the adoptive father of Dionysios the Elder. The main source for activity of the person seems to be Philistus’ book «Peri Dionysiou». The historian tried to represent Heloris as the enemy of the Syracusan tyrant and the creator of the Italiote League. It seems that Philistus, describing the character of the league from the military point of view only, missed the other features of the Italiote political unity.
This article deals with Strabo’s παλαιὰ Χερρόνησος, namely the spatial organisation and purpose of the Stronghold (τείχη) on the isthmus of the Lighthouse Peninsula. The article describes the fortification of the Stronghold, establishes the date of its construction, which is the late 5th or early 4th century BC, presents a plan of the Stronghold and studies its zones (akropolis, central and harbour parts). The main result of the study is a conclusion about placing the garrison (φρουρά) on the akropolis of the Stronghold, which is therefore defined as φρούριον; this solves the problem of the purpose of the Stronghold. The construction of the Stronghold established the north-western border of Chersonesus on the Heracleian Peninsula, strengthened the control of the peninsula, the result of which was the beginning of exploitation of the chora.
The article suggests that the change of city names from Chersonesus to Cherson and from Panticapaeum to Bosporos was caused not so much by the general imperial trends in renaming cities in the early Byzantine period, as by the Christianization of these peripheral Greek poleis. In the Bosporan Kingdom the gradual and non-violent christianization and the emergence of the diocese Βοσπόρου with its centre in the capital of the kingdom, Panticapaeum, accelerated the earlier identification of the latter with all of Bosporus and led to a gradual change of the Christian city name in thecontext of the new identity of the Bosporanoi. In Chersonesus the forcible establishment of Christianity and the partial change of population in the early 390s apparently resulted in the interruption of local historical memory and a rapid deformation of the ancient oeconym, possibly reinterpreted lexically, a process best understood within the framework of the formation of a new, Christian, identity of the city from the end of the fourth century AD.
The article is devoted to the academic biography of Jose Maria Coma Fort, one of the most the eminent Spanish historians of Roman Law (1969–2015). Particular attention is paid to his investigation of the manuscript and early print tradition of the Theodosian Code. It seems possible to affi rm that two last monographs of Coma Fort (2008 and 2014) should be considered as necessary steps to the publication of a new critical edition of the Theodosian Code. This edition, however, was not published due to the unexpected death of Coma Fort.
Thе author triеs to rеvеal thе spесifiс fеaturеs of еarly rеpubliсan tеmplе building, mainly in сonnесtion with thе еvolution of polltiсal powеr' At this Stagе сonstruсtion of tеmplеs was сhiеflу сommunal. Тhis Was duе to thе есonomiсal situation and to thе poliсy of thе patriсians, who wеrе not intеrеstеd in thе growth of ехесutivе powеr in thе hands of magistratеs. At thе bеginning of thе rеpubliсan pеriod a numbеr of tеmplеs Wеrе built, dеdiсatеd to thе еnsеmblе of gods that .o"..ёd all thе Sphеrеs oi соtnmunal lifЪ and mеt thе rеligious nееds of thе main Soсial forсеs. Тlrе <sеriеs> of tеmplеs еrесtеd at thе bеginning of thе Rеpubliс impliеd a poliсy сonсегning publiс tеmplе building, A short splash of individual tеmplе building in thе еarly 4th сеntury BC, ionnесtеd with thе outstanding pеrsonality of M. Furius Сamillus, had no long-run сonsеquеnсеs at first, but was an antiсipatio;of thе nеxt stagе. Тhе Sеnatе drеw сonсlusions from thе еxсеssivе powrr сonсеntratеd in ёarnillus' hands and kеpt its сontrol ovеr tеmplе building. Сommunal Ьharaсtеr of сonstruсtion was not f.avourablе for its sсalе. Thе situation сhangеd on thе vеrgе oГ thе 3rd сеntury BС, whеn almost all tеmplеs wеrr built by magistratеs at thе ехpеnsrs thеir ofhсе сoulс1 providе for. Thе рraсtiсе bесamе сharaсtеristiс of thе nехt pеriod of tеmplе building.
The aim of the paper is to propose an interpretation of the concept backing Manetho’s treatise on Egyptian history (first half of the 3rd century B.C.). The present, starting, part of the article is intended to give necessary general observations on the Egyptian ideas of the world’s evolution (including the absence of cardinal difference between the mythological time and the real history) and its cycles, about the large historical periods reflected in the Egyptian narrative tradition (in the Royal Canon of Turin, in the literary texts reflecting the events of the First Intermediate Period etc.). Reasons are given to consider the evidence of the Classical authors (especially Josephus Flavius) and the Christian chronographers connected with the name of Manetho authentic to his original work.
The aim of the paper is to propose an interpretation of the concept backing Manetho’s treatise on Egyptian history and, respectively, of its division in three parts (tomoi). It seems that for Manetho the history of Egypt fell into three cycles corresponding to these parts of his work (his Dynasties I-XI, XII-XIX, XX-XXX). Each of them comprised an epoch of prosperity and stability in the country and ended with a catastrophe, which was followed by restoration of norm in the country by the last king of this cycle. Then followed a new historical cycle inaugurated by a king who founded the Egyptian society and state anew and was the son of the last king of the previous cycle.