The article analizes the most important trends in the recent Western historiography of Russia's agrarian reforms.
In the article participation of Old Believers in political processes in Russia in the second half of 19th - early 20th century is analyzed. Old Believers kept loyalty to the government power. In their environment it is possible to find a wide range of political opinions with some bias to the right. About communications of Old Belief businessmen with revolutionaries some significant and reliable data aren't present. After October revolution and during Civil war Old Believers participated in the most active way in the White movement.
A historical study on the Soviet system of justice as a central tool of social regulation during the Great Patriotic war allows to analyze the transformation of Stalinism in extreme circumstances. It also gives an opportunity to examine everyday life of the Soviet population, which had been forced to survive in new socio-economic and political conditions. Until the early 1990s, the issue of functioning of justice in 1941-1945 was not a subject of the particular interest neither among the Soviet scholars, nor among the foreign ones. It was caused by the absence of access to the Soviet archives. In this period, Western scholars regarded law enforcement practices as a part of broader repressive mechanisms of Stalinism. Few Soviet papers adhered to an ideological setting of continuous and strict observance of ‘socialist legality’ even during the wartime. Only after the collapse of the USSR, historians managed to receive an access to archival materials of the Soviet courts and other justice bodies. However, the majority the Russian and foreign historical works are still devoted only to distinct social and institutional aspects of the Soviet justice during and after the war: struggle against labor and political crimes, persecutions of collaborators, and interactions between different justice bodies. Despite the growing interest in the functioning of the Soviet system of justice in the 1930-1950s, the war period remains rather obscure. Nevertheless, it should be noted that new archival materials related to the topic are being actively introduced by contemporary Russian regional researchers in their numerous articles on regional aspects of legal proceedings during the war. The present article is devoted to the most significant studies which could be applied for understanding the features of the Soviet system of justice in the wartime period.
The article is dedicated to the organization of Russian gendarmerie units in the Caucas region in 1820-1840s
The author represented Stalinism as a model of social constructivism, analyzed basic features of this type of dictatorship. New trends in Russian and international historiography of the problem are under consideration.
In the article political views and political activities of Old Believers of the main soglasiyas (denominations) in 1917 are analyzed. Being till March 1917 on monarchist positions, after Nikolay's renunciation Old Believers supported Provisional government with enthusiasm, with mistrust having treated Soviets and revolutionary parties. They considered that the Provisional government is legitimate, and socialists "sow a distemper" and "excesses". The attitude towards Bolsheviks and personally to Lenin, Trotsky and other heads parties which were considered as the German agents was especially negative. Old Believers, having had all freedoms and opportunities, developed vigorous confessional activity. Also, having combined efforts of almost all soglasias, they developed the uniform Political program, including, for participation in the Constituent assembly. On the major questions the program was close to the cadet, but chiliastic colored. A part of Old Belief peasants did not support her. October events were apprehended by Old Believers as "scourge of God". However they did not take any actions, hoping for the Constituent assembly which was given sacral character.
First time in the historiography, this article describes the moods of the former soviet prisoners of war in the NKVD’s special (filtration) camps. On the basic of the archival sources it analyzes the former POW’s attitudes towards the imprisonment, the tactics of survival, resistance, self-identification, a division on the groups and the interactions between them.
This is the report on the conference "Cold War in Arctic" held in Arkhangelsk in 2008.
The review analyzes the approach of Italian philologist Guido Carpi to the origin and meaning of F.M. Dostoevsky's economic ideas in the context of the drastic economic changes that occured in Russia during the Great reforms of the late 1870s and 1860s.