The main focus of the article is the question if mergers, takeovers, and organizational restructuring lead to increased university efficacy. The task of defining efficacy with several “input” and “output” performance indicators nowadays is easily solved by a data envelope analysis (DEA). Two models for evaluating educational and academic efficacy of a university. Calculations use DEA model oriented towards input (Input Orientated) with constant return to scale (Constant Returns to Scale, CRS). In order to conduct comparative analysis of groups of universities undergoing restructuring process of different magnitude the authors suggest several university classifications: according to the number of merged and/or liquidated units; restructuring completion period; restructuring mechanism type; including mid level professional education into the university under evaluation. In order to test the suggested hypotheses the authors used non parametric statistic methods of average comparison. The pool for this research covered 132 universities with the Russian Federation Ministry of Education and Science as a founder. The research has not identified decreased efficacy of universities as a result of restructuring process. It has turned out that universities actively participating in restructuring processes have become more effective in comparison with other universities. The research has not observed the effect of temporary decrease and following growth of efficacy at organizations undergoing mergers or takeovers. The research has not supported the hypothesis of decreasing university efficacy as a result of taking over mid level professional education institution. The results of the research clearly indicate the lag in efficacy as compared to the leading competitors where 2010 is a reference year. The authors understand that testing whether suggested hypotheses are true or false and require more detailed research of the university as compared to 2010. As many countries have accumulated sufficient experience of higher education restructuring the results of research into Russian universities restructuring making a comparison of the efficacy of the leading competitors according to numbers in 2010. The authors understand that it will take time to see if their suggestion are true or false. As foreign higher education restructuring materials can be easily downloaded. The results of the research of Russian Federation universities restructuring allow for provide conclusions, using accumulated theoretical concepts for explaining and predicting possible consequences of using different restricting mechanisms. The article uses academically acknowledged envelope data analysis method. This method is for the first time used to compare university efficacy in dynamics.
Issues of better access to higher education in various countries fit specific consistent patterns progressively as desired results are achieved. Our study shows successive stages of change in public demand for higher education and confirms justified consequences of transition to decisive actions pertaining to optimization of educational, material and technical, financial and intellectual resources.
The article presents the results of the research conducted in one of the top-ranked universities in Russia. The paper aims at identifying the relationship between the levels of identification and of students’ adherence to the university and their perception of organizational culture. The study reveals the peculiarities of students’ perception of culture and differences from their own ideas about it. There is measured the degree of the respondents’ identification with the organization and, as a result, the degree of their adherence to the university. The survey demanded three methods to be applied and 150 people to participate. The data have been processed with the help of various statistical methods (dispersion, correlation, factor, and regression analysis). The results show the discrepancies in students’ ideas of the prevailing culture, but at the same time a general tendency to their positive relationships with the university. The interest in the discussed questions of the research is related to the role of an educational institution’s image in the aspects of management and attractiveness for its students. Modern universities are considered to be a type of organizations, which provide educational services and therefore are forced to compete with others at the market. As a result, they are required to find optimal solutions and to create competitive advantages according to the expectations of potential «customers». The paper describes a case of undergraduate students, which allows us to draw conclusions about the peculiarities of the organizational culture and the image of the university as influencing students’ loyalty. The fact of a loyal attitude is considered to be an advantage necessary for a modern university to save and strengthen its own positions at the educational services market, as well as to form a development strategy based on analyzing the current situation.
The article belongs to research category and deals with the analysis of educational statistics on student currents including young people enrolling into universities, colleges and professional technical schools of the Russian Federation. The aim of the article is to describe and analyze new balance between student currents in higher and secondary professional education as well as the consequences for higher educational university development strategies related to the changes of the balance. The main research method used in the article is the analysis of statistic data dynamic sets related to student enrollment to professional education programs. The main result of the research is the conclusion on the achieved balance of students choosing secondary and higher professional education programs during the period of 2001–2014. Data provided in the article allow for making a conclusion that in the coming years student characteristics would play a much more important restrictive role in implementing university and college development strategies than financial resources. The novelty of the article is related to treating student currents as a specific type of managerial resource that is gaining an essential role for professional education institutions in the context of demographic crisis.
Managerial decision – making in higher education in Russia and some of its regions requires complete, precise and relevant information about the current state of higher education system. An important and the most precise source of information on Russian higher educational institutions activities at the present moment is the database of Higher education organization efficacy monitoring. The aim of this research article is to give a qualitative description of higher education system in the Asian part of Russia according to the set of characteristics on the basis of efficacy monitoring results for 2014. The result of the research allow for subdividing higher educational organizations in the region under analysis into groups on the basis of such characteristics as status, legal form, type of activity, student number and branch affiliation. The authors conduct the analysis of territorial positioning of higher educational institutions and spread of students among different types of organizations and specializations. Authors use descriptive methods of quantitative data analysis. According to the results of the research state higher educational institutions in the Asian part of Russia are usually situated in major cities and teach the majority of students. Smaller towns usually host private higher educational institutions or remote branches. More than a half of higher educational institutions in the region are remote branches (58 %) that teach only 11.2 % of the total number of students. Majority of educational institutions fall under the control of Russian Federation Ministry for Education and Science (42 %). They teach 69 % of the total number of students. There is a considerable number of private higher educational institutions (27 %) but they teach only 4% of the total student number. Higher education institutions in the region train students in 28 specializations. Economics and management is the most popular with 23.2 % of the total number of students. This specialization is taught at 84 % of all the higher educational institutions. About 90 % of private educational institutions offer only two specializations: Economics and management and Humanities. Educational institutions affiliated with different branches of economy usually conduct training in the relevant specializations. For example higher educational institutions related to the Russian Federation Ministry of agriculture train 92 % of all the students in the region studying specialization “Agriculture and fish resources”. Russian Federation Ministry for Health care and social development educational institutions train 91 % of students studying medicine. The region rich in mineral and natural resources has developed branches related to mining and processing. At the same time specializations related to these field are studied by about 3 % of the total number of students in the region. There is a noticeable excess of specialists in humanities and economics. This article is one of the first attempts to describe the higher education system state in this major geographical region on the basis of efficacy monitoring data. Earlier researches had a more general description of monitoring results, gave detailed analysis of its data for one particular region or were devoted to discussion and criticism of the procedure. Materials presented in the article can be of interest for researchers and analytics working in the educational sphere as well as university heads and representatives of executive bodies of the Russian Federation territories dealing with education.
The main idea of this case study paper is to introduce the practice of monitoring and analysis of the university professors’ resistance to changes, and to describe the possible solutions for the resistance management using the example of the Institute of Economics and Entrepreneurship of Lobachevsky University. The methodological background of the research was based on the basic understanding of the resistance to change, its negative role, its causes and circumstances. Different reasons for resistance were described based on the psychological approach. The idea of the questionnaire is the qualitative description of the dependence between the university teachers’ resistance to changes and the factors of their resistance. The basis of the questionnaire is the authors’ description of psychological reasons and organizational factors of resistance. The 170 members of the pedagogical staff of the Institute were questioned, which is more than 50 % of the personnel. The following conclusions were made: 1) the professors’ resistance to change has modest strength and, mainly, the passive form; 2) the main reasons of their resistance is the fear of negative results of changes and change of academic values; 3) the crucial factor of professors’ resistance is inefficient system of communication. The next step for the research is to improve the methodology of the measurement of the resistance to change and to extend that methodology for all the departments of the university. It is quite important to notice that the resistance is usually presented in the passive form, and it could create the illusion that there is no resistance at all. In order to have the real picture of the situation, it is essential to measure the quantitative characteristics of the resistance and to use different methods for different directions. The fear of the negative effect of changes is one of the problems to be solved by the explaining of the positive circumstances of changes. One possibility for that is to give the teachers the role of actors of the new policy, to describe the possible effects of changes. Another possible way is the substitution of the traditional academic university culture by the entrepreneurial culture; this can be achieved by the introduction of the new values. Also it is worth mentioning that one of the main organizational barriers for the resistance of change is the inefficient communication among the university staff, it slows down the distribution of the information about the changes. The results of the research are unique, as they lay in the suggested hierarchy of the causes and organizational factors of the resistance to change at the universities.
In this article, the authors attempt to identify current university design trends based on an analysis of international experience. Russian university leaders may take these trends into account while working on domestic university development programs. The article's main task is to carry out a comparative study of Russian and international state policy regarding university infrastructure, construction, and management. The authors have examined national standards for university building designs and interior spaces.
The article is a case. The aim is to identify the connection between values and resistance to organizational change among the lecturers employed at Nizhny Novgorod branch of HSE. Methodological basis of the research is concept by B. Clarke which declares formation of entrepreneurial – type culture as an important element of creating entrepreneurial university. Formation of such culture inevitably causes collision of traditional academic and new entrepreneurial values. According to our hypothesis rejection of entrepreneurial values on behalf of the lecturers is one of the reasons behind opposition to conducted changes. The research uses author’s questionnaires for evaluat- ing resistance to organizational changes and evaluation orientation in research activities. Respondents pool con- sisted of 50 full-time lecturers of Department of management and economics of Nizhny Novgorod branch of HSE. Questionnaire data was statistically processed with the help of SPSS 22.0 for Windows. The research demonstrated that: 1) the most pronounced rejection on behalf of the lecturers is caused by changes in the field of management and personnel policy: it is medium and passive; 2) in terms of research activities lecturers are oriented mainly towards academic values; 3) there is a positive connection between orientation towards academic values of “motivation” and “benefit” and the degree of rejection of changes in personnel policy and management. The perspective is in broaden- ing research base including other entrepreneurially oriented universities. Results of the research allow for recom- mending branch management using value management method in order to overcome lecturers’ denial. Originality of obtained results is that for the first time characteristics of change opposition and value orientation of lecturers at Russian entrepreneurial university have been changed. It has been determined that opposition of lecturers to con- ducted changes is related to values.
The paper presents a strategy model for the universities where faculties, branches and institutes are relatively independent in their activity, have different level of development and can have distinctive goals. It is proposed to establish a multi-level balanced strategy which supposes that each unit can have its own curriculum, but together they have to pursue the way of development identified by the university.
The article is based on the results of three recent scientific research projects concentrating on the strategic management in the Russian Universities. The Universities were classified according to the prevailing cluster and the results of their development. This made it possible to identify the correspondence between the actions and objectives of the Universities (general, as well as structured by regions and profiles) and the ?Concept of the Contemporary Socio-economic development of Russia till 2020.
The author offers a concept of strategic IPR management of the University scientific educational complex. The concept is based on features of University technology transfer process. The proposition is that University activity in technology transfer is not only for-profit one. Quite the reverse, it is also activity of public utility aimed at satisfaction of social needs in knowledge, with a necessary balance of economic interests of all the participants of technology transfer processes. The author reveals key aspects of intellectual property rights as subject to management, describes the ways of IPR protection in Russian Federation and proposes decisionmaking factors for choosing the way to protect IP.
The article starts with reviewing of major sociological approaches to higher education (education as accumulation of professional capital, education as class distinction, education as age moratorium, etc.). We then derive hypotheses from each of the theories on how the process of choosing between specialties is organized. Each of the models of student choice is then tested against objective data on application to different specialties of a large university using multiple regression and social network analysis. It seems that the model of opportunistic professionalism fits the data best: the prospective students choose their preferred specialty early, probably on the basis of projected financial returns, and prepare for them purposefully for a long period of time. When it proves unavailable, however, they easily shift to less attractive options. Paid education programs serve as inferior goods to the public-funded ones.
The effectiveness of scientific knowledge generation in the new economy becomes critical for the functioning of the economic system. University is the main «producer» of scientific knowledge and a key actor of economic transformation at each level of analysis (country, region, city). There are many models for evaluating universities' impact on the regional economies. The aim of the work is the development of a common tool for analysis based on the institutional economic theory. The methodological basis of the work is the model of institutional configuration of knowledge generation. To bridge the artificial gap in the subject-object relationship, the problem has been analyzed on the basis of the methodological unity of the actors, stakeholders and institutions, as well as their interrelations with the environment (natural, political, social, economic, cultural). The authors have proposed an original institutional typology of knowledge generation by universities based on the popular model of corporate knowledge management SECI. By means of this model, the institutions of socialization, externalization, combination and internalization of knowledge were identified. A number of indicators has been formulated that can be used for the purposes of indicative planning and statistical analysis. The results of the work can be also used to conduct further theoretical and applied research in the field of analysis of regional higher education systems. In addition, the model is of potential interest for politicians in the development of regional and national educational policies.
The aim of this work was to identify the existing types of massive open online courses integration into the educational process with the help of assessing the practices adopted by foreign and Russian universities. Besides, the authors identified conditions necessary for successful integration of online courses into academic programs of Russian universities and marked basic advantages and limitation of using MOOC in the educational process. Analysis used the data from academic publications, university regulatory documents, university official sites and 5 expert interviews with executives and administrators of online learning centers from leading Russian universities - members of «National open learning platform» (NOLP) Association. The analysis of MOOC integration into educational process allowed for identifying three main types of online courses inclusion into academic programs: 1) MOOC integration into blended format of learning; 2) replacement of several full-time courses by online disciplines; 3) creating a program of an online master course with all courses taught in online format.