The said article gives proof to the influence of contradictions for such different spheres of individual life as: an implementation of its life relations, intelligence life, self-knowledge and event-driven life filling. The article also generalizes that in the trend of life contradictions define changes of personality meaningfulness, development of knowledge on meaningful objects, formation of new I-stands with respect to life and also search and life limits expansion.
личность, мышление, отношения, противоречия, Самопознание, personality thought, Relations, contradiction, Self-knowledge
The problematic of self-organising and development of a person in formation is analyzed in the article from the point of systematic and methodological and reflective-psychological positions. The role of reflexion in self-organisation of students is studied, various levels of a self-reflexion are differentiated, and their interaction as the backbone factor of self-organising of consciousness of a person in problematic conflict situation is characterized. Diagnostic and developing reflective technologies of activization and self-organisation of students' personalities in the course of vocational training by means of reflective dialogue and reflective polilogue.
The specificity of adaptation to new social conditions of primary school age assume need to determine the content of difficult life situations (DLS) at the compliance and not compliance to daily rules included in the normative situation of this age. The aim of the study is to determine DLS of primary school children manifested at different levels of compliance to rules in the school environment, revealing at the same time correlation of most typical rules of primary school children to a standard situation of this age. The author’s questionnaire was developed to determine DLS. Results of the research answer the question: what difficult life situations can arise when a child is congruent to the rules imposed on him/her and when it is not congruent? By means of one-way analysis of variance a distribution of revealed DLS at different levels of compliance to rules at primary school age was obtained. Based on obtained results the conclusion that DLS of children of primary school age have distinctions and specific manifestations at low, average and high level of compliance to rules of the normative situation.
The paper presents a historical analysis of two main approaches to the understanding of mechanisms of self-regulation and self-organization of living systems, developed in Russian science, namely N. Bernstein's physiology of activity and P. Anokhin's functional system theory. Their mutual similarity, as well as similarity to systems cybernetic views on self-regulatory processes developed in the West through 1940-1960s is revealed.
Personality presentation problem has not been defined in terms of interpersonal relationships in Russian psychology. Self presentation varies in differing levels beginning from the socio-psychological up to the individual level, taking into account either the image of the individual with his personal traits or the image of the social group. At the level of interpersonal relationship reveal anself comprises emotional stability, agreeableness, self-consciousness, openness to self-dialogue. In practice self-presentation is a key piece of a person's social experience, which is very important for his professional activity.
Modern psychologists massively study self-esteem and self-worth. The article investigates cultural, interpersonal and intrapersonal influences on self-worth. The emphasis is made on the contradictions between one’s conscious efforts to establish self-worth and the unconscious decisions, which block this process.
The problem of stress influence on the employee’s performance is still relevant due to modern work conditions in Russian organizations. An assessment situation may be a special type of stressor to which employees are often not ready. Stress factors in the majority adversely affect performance by reducing the creativity level. At the same time there should be pointed out the motivating power that eustress may have on the personal creativity. This paper examines the hypothesis that eustress increases personal creativity in a case of the preceding positive affective stimulus. 300 subjects (189 male and 111 female, ages 24 to 67) have participated in our research. Each subject is offered to take J. Gilfords’ and «Google»’s company creativity test. Depending on the type of the experimental group subjects were given a stress or (and) affective influence. The results showed an ambiguous eustress effect on the personal creativity. Parallel positive influence should be the same intensity as the stressor in order to reduce its negative impact on the organism. In addition, the stressors type affects employee’s creativity too. Restriction of personal zone leads to increased creativity in the case of the preceding positive affective influence, and negative comments and time limit are too strong stressors and do not increase creativity level. The results of our research can be taken as principles of psychological trainings and help to improve quality of work in organizations.
The article is dedicated to the analysis of family representations of adolescents with prosocial and antisocial behavior. Family image characteristics are estimated by choosing the most influential family member and willingness to start a family in future, which would bemuch like their parental family. Respondents’ representations of child-bearing social norms are also studied.Data is analyzed in the context of respondents’ gender, family structure and disposition to deviant behavior. The results gain their relevancein from the standpoint of contemporary parenting practices and strategies.
The purpose of this study is to theoretically and practically substantiate the efficacy of new methods for symbolic mediation of self-cognition focused at problematic life situation. There studied the reflection of life problem performed with discursive and logical means as well as symbolic figures, landscapes and interiors. Handling the symbols is made explicit in the person’s texts on possible solutions to problematic situation. Study outputs are the model of a word-symbol; the model of symbol’s individuality; the model of self-cognition’s life functions with accent at individualization; analysis of the case of symbolic mediation of the reflection of life problem; the typology of self-cognition forms based on productivity of different mediation ways. There substantiated the hypothesis about developing potential of different symbols’ categories as to realization of “chronotop”, “participants” and “main hero” pertaining to the problematic situation. There outlined the prospects for application of the study results in psychotherapy.
The issue of decreasing popularity of reading is considered from the perspective of personal strategies of interaction with information. Modern trends and prospects of "book culture" are described. Conceptualisations of personal coping with informational abundance are analyzed. Author poses the question about relation between possibility and reality in the life of modern person.
The article discusses the current state of psychological research problems of smoking. Consideration of this issue is conducted at three levels of study: macro-, micro-social and personal. The factors contributing to the smoking initiation are being discussed. Socio-psychological characteristics affecting the process of smoking initiation are considered in the article.
The article presents results of the study of the life potentials of the personality connected with its ability to generate and recreate representations. The article offers the model of the capabilities of the conscious and unconscious images and image processes. The model is based on the theoretical explication of the relevant philosophical and psychological ideas as well as on the hermeneutics of the texts with descriptions of the «critical cases» of representations. The model systemizes specific capabilities of the image forms and certain kinds of the image activity in the aspect of its genesis and operational content. The study is aimed at justification of new perspectives of the practice of development and self-development of the image sphere of the personality.
Concepts of "actualizing tendency" and "tendency toward self-actualization" which are the major concepts of the theory of the Person-Centered approach of Carl Rogers are analyzed and clear up in the article, options of their possible relations are considered. It is shown that these tendencies can contradict each other by being directed to different purposes, and to coincide or to be combined harmoniously, forming in the latter case so-called authentic self-actualization. Psychological consequences for the person of both coincidence and discrepancy of the specified tendencies are considered. The examples are given which show usefulness of the concepts "actualizing tendency" and "tendency toward self-actualization" both for understanding and the analysis of activity of the modern person, and for assistance to the person in the solution of psychological problems and living authentic life in conditions of complex and difficult modern vital world.
The subject of this paper is social self-organisation. The paper presents two models of consensual agreement and two forms of social self-organization, and the differences between the organisation and the self-organization. The paper describes the constructive function the conflict plays in sociology, pedagogy and psychology, its role in personality development and the specifics of personality self-organisation.