Тhe article considers accounts Valuation and Budget rules - documents, regulating the budget process, or the process of compiling, approving, implementing and controlling of implementation of the state scheduling of income and expenses in Russia of the end of 19th - beginning of 20th century. The named documents are to be a foundation of present budget law in Russia, that supposes their detailed research.
Jurisdiction of States in law enforcement is most evident in the fight against crime, which is carried out within the land, sea and air territories with different international legal status and legal regime. In addition, have a different legal status for persons who have committed crimes and or other offences, the objects on which they are located (ships, aircraft, fixed platforms on the continental shelf, etc.), as well as subjects of law enforcement. Based on this fact, States and their law enforcement agencies have different capabilities in the implementation of measures in this area. This article elaborates on the theory and practice of establishing and implementation by States of its jurisdiction, in the light of these characteristics. Understanding of this issue will allow law enforcement officials to competently apply international law in law enforcement, prevent complications in inter-State relations. Work will be useful to researchers investigating legal issues on international law enforcement cooperation, the students of educational institutions.
The article is devoted to analyses of the influence of concept of sustainable development on international investment law. The article gives reasons on empowerment of “environmental” component of the concept of sustainable development on international investment relations and necessity of international legal regulation of international investment relations at multilateral universal level on the basis of the concept of sustainable development.
This article reviews debatable questions of the anti-corruption examination, contains the analysis of regulations, providing by Federal Law "On Anti-Corruption Examination of Regulatory Acts and their Drafts", formulates a number of suggestions concerning actualization of anti-corruption examination institute.
By methods of transaction costs and contract corporation theory the article studies the nature of membership relationships. The structure of corporation – legal entity is regarded as the instrument of information transfer making it possible to reduce the costs of economic interaction through optimization of organizational relationships. Instead of multiple interconnections between the members of a non-corporate society within a corporation functioning as communication centre, legally relevant relationships (relationships of membership) are established between the participants and the legal entity.
Membership relationships, being the kind of corporate relationships, are reduced neither to proprietary nor contractual relationships. Unlike contractual relationships, membership relationships are of organizing importance for the corporation. They are formed when establishing and are terminated when closing the corporation as a legal entity. A corporation as a legal entity cannot exist without membership relationships. In contrast, within contractual relationships their parties do not cease their existence as civil society actors through the termination of the obligation. Furthermore, membership relationships are not fully specified, their incompleteness is filled by decisions of the administration. Within membership relationships a corporation cannot possess power over its members.
Membership relationships can be seen as civil institutional relationships being property relationships in a broad sense.
This article considers the notion of categories of foreign investments and foreign investor in the International Investment Law of Russia and Georgia through the prism of three levels of legal regulation – the national legislation, bilateral and multilateral international treaties. National legislation governing foreign investments, despite having based on common legal structures and instruments, in the conceptual framework may differ significantly in the recipient state of foreign investment from that one in the country of origin of a foreign investor. This circumstance is fully applicable to the legislation of Russia and Georgia, simultaneously being participants of one of the integration processes in the framework of the OBSEC.