The author investigates a phenomenon of development of ideologies in a historical context. So the transition of the academic historiography from positivistic methodology to methodology of the linguistic analysis is considered. Linguistic analysis is presented by the theory of speech asts and history of concepts. Accordingly, ideologies appear as cognitive mechanisms and simultaneously cognitive political outlook fi lters.
The essence of Islamism, one of the most important global issues in our time is poorly understood and it is bein interpreted differently and quite controversialy. It causes discussions concearning the line of Islamism to Islam as a religion on the one hand and to politics on the other hand. In the latter case, it is not clear which type of political currents are associated with this phenomenon. There is less certainty in the matter of what the speci c manifestations of this global threat in different regions of the worldase. Therefore, in this respect we are most interested in Russia and its regions. This article focuses on existing and probable approaches to the solution of raised issues.
The article discusses the views of Daron Acemoglu and James Robinson on the causes of global gaps in well-being , the nature of development and underdevelopment. The work identifies the most fundamental moments in their interpretation of historical events, especially their use of the institutional approach to the explanation of human history. It is underlined that Acemoglu and Robinson assign the key role to the division of institutions into extractive and inclusive one, the close relationship of political and economic institutions that is responsible for creating the vicious circle in the case of the extractive, and the virtuous circle in the case of their inclusive nature. It is noted that the authors emphasize the random type of historical development in connection with the accidental occurrence of critical junctures causing institutional shifts. The attention is drawn to the fact that they bind the long-term sus-tainable economic growth with the presence of inclusive political institutions (democracy) and on this basis do not see any prospects for China to become a global leader.
The article contained the analysis of social stereotypes of Dagestan women revealed within the limits of studying of Euroasian world. Authors bring question of social representations and attitudes of Dagestan women in family-household, social and religious spheres of mass consciousness. The semantic space of social stereotypes is considered. The psychosemantic technique of plural identiﬁcation is used.
The aim of this article is to examine the features of the relationship of conservatism and postmodernism. The article identified as similar and antagonistic points of views of postmodernists and conservatives, analyzed the causes of these complex relationships. The author concludes, at the moment a complete synthesis of postmodernism and conservatism is unlikely, because obvious theoretical similarity blocked no less obvious political differences between conservative traditionalism and post-modern innovation.