The paper offers an edition of an Old Babylonian Gilgamesh tablet from the Schøyen Collection (OB Schøyen2 in the edition by A.R. George). The text has been extensively commented upon. New interpretations are proposed for ll. 30, 37, 40, 46, 55.
Syriac Life of St. Basil by Ps-Amphilochiushas not been preserved in a complete form. The fragment from BL Add 17.272 is published and the textoogy is presented.
The article presents the publication and a comprehensive analysis of painted and black-glazed pottery finds from the Hellenistic necropolis of Tauric Chersonesos during the excavations, conducted of А.N. Ščeglov in 1963 (Figs. 1–5). The largest part of the collection presented by black-glazed tableware: fish plates, saltcellars, bowls. Analysis of the types and forms allows dating the assemblage within the 4th – 3rd centuries BCE.
The assumption that cultures are clearly defined, essentially self-contained entities has been subjected to serious doubt in modern archaeology which needs to be reflected also in Sarmatian studies. Such concepts as ‘Sarmatians’, ‘Sarmatian period’ and ‘Sarmatian archaeological culture(s)’ are widely used in archaeological literature. However, the monuments of the different macro-regions that are usually connected in scholarship with the various Sarmatian communities and political entities mentioned in the written sources have significant cultural distinctions. The nature of these differences has not been reliably clarified yet. This leads to contradictions in the interpretation of the same culture groups by representatives of different schools of archaeology. The basiс cause of the contradictions lies in the flaws of the argumentation procedure, which appears to be speculative, and thus devoid of any heuristic potential. It is necessary to develop common approaches to the interpretation of the archaeological material. A promising approach in this regard might be the network model. Such models will make it possible to define an archaeological culture as a stable set of features, objects and phenomena of the material world, reflecting the network connections formed and operating in a certain area within a particular period.
On the world map compiled by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa in the 1st century BC the territory earlier known as Scythia was designated as Sarmatia. Since both peoples were practically the same from the point of view of the Greeks and Romans, the question arises why one ethnonym was substituted for the other. The name of Sarmatia appeared within an external narrative tradition, and the observer from the outside could have chosen the name of the most active part of the Barbarian population dealing with the Greco-Roman civilization as eponym of this region. It is most probable that the term “Sarmatians” was used to designate an elite group acting as a subject of international politics. This conclusion fi nds some implicit corroboration in the written and epigraphic sources.
The article represents a publication of a building inscription from Tanais, fragments of which were found mainly in situ during excavations on the agora in 1993. The inscription dates back to the end of the reign of Sauromates II (most likely the first decade of the 3rd century AD) and reports on the restoration of a portico financed by the royal presbeutes whose name is not preserved. The construction work was organized by hellenarches Basileides, son of Theoneikos, and another official, of whose name only the patronymic – “son of Samuel” - has been preserved. The inscription increases the number of known inhabitants of Tanais, who bore Jewish names, and additionally confirms the existence of the Jewish community in the city. One of the buildings discovered on the agora (Bau 6) may have been a mikveh used by its members.