has been shown how static and dynamic characteristics could be used for a comparative assessment of social, environmental, and economic development, as well as the development balance in social, economic, and ecological spheres. The proposed methodological toolkit has made it possible to identify problem areas and stably manifested dynamic disproportions in the investigated regions, which require corrective actions in order to ensure sustainable development.
The poor quality of mortality statistics from external causes in Russia and its regions is reflected in high death rates from causes named "Injuries with undetermined intent", which includes not only deaths from accidents but also the latent murders and suicides. On the basis of mortality statistics from the class "External causes of morbidity and mortality" of ICD-10 and mortality from a number of causes of "Symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified " and "Diseases of the circulatory system" were built four models of mortality for the Republic of Bashkortostan, which provide an assessment of the potential mortality from homicides, suicides and alcohol poisonings. On average, according to the models 1-3 the possible mortality rate of homicide higher than the official 1.6 times in men and by 1.4 times in women, suicides – by 1.2 times in both sexes, alcohol poisoning – 1.8 times in men and 2.1 times for women. According to the model 4 the growth of mortality rate from homicide was 3.8 times and 3.2 times for men and women respectively, suicide – 1.4 times and 2 times, and finally, alcohol poisoning 3 times and 5.9 times. The mortality rate from the entire class "External causes" in model 4 increased 1.2 times for men and 1.4 times in women, which was mainly due to the increased mortality in working ages (15-60 years).
This work presents a methodological approach to the analysis of factors affecting the formation of the production dynamics in the real sector of the Russian economy based on the interindustry balances (IIBs). The conceptual feature of the developed technique is the integration of IIB tools and the instruments of production functions. The application of the developed method in investigations into the performance of RF industries in the 1990s and 2000s made it possible to obtain several fundamentally new scientific results, including those connected with estimating the scale of impact made by the technological factor and the factor of productive capacity utilization.
The article deals with the problems of planning science and technology development. The author considers two lines of theoretical models: mathematical economics and evolutionary empirical. A more detailed analysis focused on the problems of the statistics for the construction of mathematical economic models of scientific and technological development. On the example of Russia the author shows that the problems in theoretical basis lead to contradictions in state priorities of science and technology development.
A balance-based econometric model is presented that has been developed for the analysis of the dynamics and structure of the intersectoral relations in the domestic economy; the methodology and results of its use in applied economic calculations are described.