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Regular version of the site
Of all publications in the section: 288
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Article
Григорьев Л. М., Макаров И. А., Соколова А. К. и др. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2020. № 1.

Economic growth in developing economies and the transition of large population groups to the middle class lead to a surge in energy consumption and hence in greenhouse gas emissions. The solution to such issues as poverty and inequality comes therefore into conflict with climate change mitigation. The existing international climate change regime does not address this contradiction. The existing international system of climate regulation does not address this contradiction. Today, the global climate governance relies on the estimates of aggregate emissions of countries not considering the level of development and the distribution of emissions among income groups within each country. Emissions from production are being monitored, while consumption-related emissions, albeit known be experts, rarely underlie decision-making. Meanwhile, income distribution has a higher impact on consumption-based emissions in comparison to the production-based ones. Decisions on the emission regulation are made at the national level by countries with different development agendas where the climate change mitigation often gets less priority in comparison to other socio-economic objectives.

The paper proposes a set of principles and specific mechanisms that can link both climate change and inequality within a single policy framework. Firstly, we highlight the importance of modification of the global emission monitoring system for the sake of accounting for emissions from consumption (rather than production) by income groups. Secondly, we suggest the introduction of a new redistribution system to address climate change including a "fine" imposed on households with the highest levels of emissions. Such a system follows the principles of progressive taxation but underlies climate mitigation objectives and can rather be treated not as taxation of high incomes but as payment for negative externality. Thirdly, we outline the need for adjustment of climate finance criteria: priority should be given to projects aimed at 1) reducing the carbon intensity of consumption of the social groups entering the middle class, and 2) at adaptation of the poorest population groups to the climate change. The special role in the implementation of these principles may belong to BRICS countries which could use it as a chance for proactive transition to the inclusive low-carbon development.

Added: Jan 14, 2020
Article
Братерский М. В. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2016. Т. 11. № 2. С. 58-70.

This article conceptualizes ongoing efforts to develop the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), initiated by Russia,

Belarus and Kazakhstan in 2011. Engaging with two major theoretical perspectives, it establishes to what extent the EEU’s

construction and potential expansion is economic regionalism (interpreted also as an isolationist strategy) driven by Russialed

geopolitical motives. The political-economy debate of Eurasia goes beyond a common tariff area and a common market

within the territory of the former USSR. Increasingly, it involves the establishment of a common monetary area. China’s

Silk Road Economic Belt is building a foundation for a new Eurasia – one of the global economic and political players of

this century. The economic reasons pursued by Russia in its Eurasian initiative are inseparable from economic problems

of geopolitical significance. The overarching objective of Russian policy is to establish a regional economic fusion, with

significant economic sovereignty and strong political influence; that is, to become the new centre of power in the global

economy of the 21st century. Correspondingly, although Russian integration policy in Eurasia has not been formulated in

an anti-American way, if it is successful the likely consequence will be the withdrawal of a significant segment of the global

market from the economic dominance and political influence of western-led economic blocs.

Added: Sep 13, 2016
Article
Портанский А.П. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2019. Т. 14. № 2. С. 304-318.

The article substantiates/justifies the necessity of reform of the major institution of global economic governance, the World Trade Organization. A number of the accumulated crucial problems of the existing multilateral trading system, the MTS, is explored: the problem of development and efficiency of the WTO in the new environment, weakening of the leading role of the US, regionalism, crisis of the decision-making system in the WTO  and the recent rise of trade protectionism. All these challenges in sum point to the necessity of WTO reform, the latter two being particularly pressing, since they eventually moved the issue from the realm of scientific discussions into the realm of practical initiatives. The author analyzes the first steps of the WTO members towards the organization’s reform taken in 2018, focusing on the EU Concept Paper on WTO modernization, which was the first such initiative among other countries. An emphasis is given to the pivotal role of the positions of the US and China since without these actors it is hardly possible to successfully continue the process of WTO reform. The controversial position of the US, formed largely under the influence of the current isolationist and protectionist trade policy of the Trump Administration, is given an in-depth analysis. The author comes to the preliminary conclusion that the process of WTO reform is bound to be extremely complicated and may take years.

Added: Oct 1, 2019
Article
Шелепов А. В. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2012. № 4. С. 74-84.
Added: Feb 14, 2013
Article
Шаран В., Саран С. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2013. № 3.
Added: Nov 14, 2013
Article
Мальцева В. А., Мальцев А. А. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2018. Т. 13. № 4. С. 272-279.

The review covers OECD report “The Productivity-Inclusiveness Nexus”. Modest global economic growth is closely related to lagging labour productivity caused by growing barriers experienced by economic agents in accessing markets and resources. The key massage of the report is a call for changing the economic growth model to more inclusive productivity growth that enables people invest on the skills and provides an environment where all firms have a fair chance to succeed. Inclusive economic growth model primary aims at improved living standards and opportunities for all parts of society, especially low income. This aim implies implementation of the package of structural transformations, the key idea of which is that acceleration in productivity growth should be supplemented by reduction of income inequality and ensuring that all individuals are equipped to fulfilling their productive potential.

Added: Sep 18, 2019
Article
Гохберг Л. М., Кузнецова Т. Е. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2012. № 2. С. 101-117.

The article analyses the RF policy in innovation development and reasons for Russia's lagging behind most leading and developing countries. The authors explore special features of RF scientific and technological complex and provide a comparative analysis of science and innovation sector efficiency in different countries, including Russia. Special attention is given to opportunities for Russia's international cooperation in science and innovation sector. Barriers for this cooperation have been analysed. In conclusion the authors made recommendations on improving effectiveness of the Russian innovation system. The publication is prepared within the framework of a joint project of Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) Project and International Organisations Research Institute of the NRU HSE "Enhancing Effectiveness of Russia's Participation in G8, G20 and BRICS in accordance with Russian Priorities and National Interests" in 2011.

Added: Nov 13, 2012
Article
Меликян А. В., Железов Б. В. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2013. № 1. С. 274-286.

The article presents the outcomes of the survey on innovative activities of international staff members of the National Research University Higher School of Economics. Both international staff members and the heads of university’s departments took part in on-line survey. The survey helps identify the trends in innovative activities of the international staff and attempts to assess their contribution to the university’s development. The article concludes with recommendations on stimulating employees’ innovative and creative activities.

Added: Apr 2, 2013
Article
Скриба А. С., Казакова А. В., Бордачев Т. В. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2016. Т. 11. № 2. С. 24-39.
Added: Oct 20, 2016
Article
Романова Т. А. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2016. № 4. С. 224-248.

The level of analysis concept is an excellent tool for studying the evolution of international relations. This article focuses on the institutional approach of three levels of interaction: the intergovernmental level (IGL) describes traditional contacts among heads of states or governments as well as among ministers; the transgovernmental level (TGL) consists of relations among civil servants of middle and low rank; and the transnational level (TNL) includes the dialogue of non-governmental participants such as business, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and epistemic communities. Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye identified TGL and TNL, but the studies of these levels has intensified as a result of burgeoning links among civil servants, business, NGOs and experts from different countries. Transgovernmental and transnational interactions stabilize relations among various actors. This article clarifies the stabilizing potential of TGL and TNL interactions. First, the degree of autonomy of civil servants from the political level of government has to be taken into account. Second, the state regulates the level of independence of both business and NGOs. TGL and TNL interactions can stabilize relations only if civil servants are independent from the political level in what concerns technical issues and where both business and civil society are strong. Third, real economic interdependence matters because it forms an agenda of cooperation in a particular field. The intensification of trade and investment flows does not automatically lead to real interdependence. In this case, contacts at the transgovernmental and transnational levels acquire a formal character and no cooperation emerges, which does not allow for stabilized relations in crisis situations at the IGL. The empirical section of the article demonstrates how widening and deepening relations between the European Union and Russia, especially since 2000, led to thickening transgovernmental and transnational interactions but these levels failed to stabilize relations between Moscow and Brussels following the 2014 Ukrainian crisis. On the contrary, the EU’ s reaction (sanctions) led to the destruction of economic links at both levels, whereas Russia deconstructed transnational non-profit relations. Tensions at the IGL also negatively affected the epistemic community (a part of the TNL), leading to its politicization. Changes and fine-tunings in the concept of institutional levels of analysis, suggested in the article, help to explain recent developments in EU – Russian relations. The article also recommends purposefully restoring relations at the transgovernmental and transnational levels to facilitate overcoming of the crisis in EU – Russian relations.

Added: Sep 7, 2017
Article
Князев Е. А., Дрантусова Н. В. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2013. № 1. С. 264-273.
The present state policy in Russia, recognizing the key role of Higher Education in economic and social development, is focused on supporting the selected limited group of universities encouraging their goals for competition in global education area. At the same time the conditions for outsiders are being tightened. This may create certain risks for the National Higher Education System. Based on the stakeholders’ concept of the system processes analysis the authors prove the necessity for constructing a new landscape of Higher Education.
Added: Jun 11, 2013
Article
Дупан А. С., Насыбулина Е. Г., Пикалова А. Г. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2014. Т. 9. № 1. С. 107-123.
The European Union is the Russian Federation strategic partner in a wide range of social, economic, educational, cultural, and other fields including science and technology. Institutional and legal base shaped over the last decade generated invaluable experience and opportunities for harmonization of mutual interests, directions, goals and tasks of cooperation as well as instruments to achieve practical results. Up-to-date well-coordinated procedures and smoothly running approaches to cooperation establish a solid foundation for further Russia-EU interaction in the sphere of education, science, technology and innovation. 2014 will open a new phase of partnership between Russia and the European Union with launching of new large-scale national programmes such as the Federal Targeted Programme “Research and Development on Priority Fields of Science and Technology Complex of Russia 2014–2020” under the State Programme of the Russian Federation “Development of Science and Technology” (2013–2020), and the Framework Programme of the European Community for Research and Innovation “Horizon 2020” (2014–2020). Highlighting a very positive dynamics of science and technology cooperation Russia, the European Union, and EU Member States enjoy, the authors emphasize the necessity for reinforcement of coordination in applying concerted financial instruments in the field of international research and innovation within the framework of the new programmes, projects and initiatives. In this context adaptation of existing cooperative models, and development and application of advanced principles and methods for equitable partnership in science, technology and innovation is very important. The article analyses cooperation between Russia and the European Union in implementing research and technological policy. The authors explore the institutional and legal basis of the bilateral partnership, the experience of implementing joint projects within the financial framework and the opportunities the new institutional basis contain for deeper engagement of the parties within research and innovation. The article concludes with recommendations for the cooperation enhancement.
Added: Apr 14, 2014
Article
Мартынова Е. С. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2012. № 4(39). С. 254-270.
Added: Jan 4, 2013
Article
Ларионова М. В., Зайцев Ю. К., Рахмангулов М. Р. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2008. № 7-8. С. 4-13.
Added: Oct 1, 2012
Article
Сахаров А. Г. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2012. № 3. С. 132-146.
Added: Oct 11, 2012
Article
Зайцев Ю. К. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2009. № 3. С. 124-168.
Added: Sep 20, 2012
Article
Архипова П. С., Булатникова А. Н., Векшина А. Б. и др. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2009. № 4. С. 13-54.

The report turns to the assessment and complex analysis of the G20 member-states compliance to the commitments on development assistance taken at London G20 summit in April 2009. The monitoring has embraced two commitments on international development assistance and covered a period from April to September 2009. Findings from the monitoring could be helpful to understand the role of the G8 member-states and other members of the G20, which are not the G8 members, in promoting international development assistance. The report overviews the activities taken by the Russian Federation along with other G20 member states to support international development assistance, evaluates its effectiveness and success.

Added: Jan 25, 2014
Article
Ларионова М. В., Зайцев Ю. К. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2009. № 4. С. 4-12.
Added: Sep 30, 2012
Article
Архипова П. С. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2009. № 3.
Added: Feb 25, 2010
Article
Симонов А. Г. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2009. № 4.
Added: Feb 25, 2010
Article
Горбунова Е. М., Ларионова М. В., Зайцев Ю. К. и др. Вестник международных организаций: образование, наука, новая экономика. 2008. № 4. С. 50-82.
Added: Sep 20, 2012