This article analyses the survey data related to the attitude of the academic staff and the students towards the penalties for plagiarism. It also considers various models of behaviour when the plagiarism cases are detected, and how they are approached and prevented at the HSE.
The article discusses methodological approaches to measuring academic mobility when a researcher changes his place of work within the academic environment. Researchers’ academic mobility is a factor of their productivity, it provides knowledge transfer, renews scientific ideas, and in general contributes to the active development of higher edu - cation and science. However, in Russia the phenomenon of academic mobility is not studied sufficiently and demands an estimation of both mobility as a whole, and its factors, and its consequences. There are not many data sources on mobility, and getting corresponding information is often problematic – these factors make it difficult to empirically measure researchers’ academic mobility. This review might be the first step towards filling the gap in empirical research on academic mobility in Russia. The author suggests a detailed analysis of academic mobility assessment methodologies, including surveys, CVs, bibliometric and combined approaches. The article summarizes the experience of practical approaches application, identifies advantages and disadvantages of each of them, and provides their comparative analysis. The author comes to the conclusion that in the absence of a unique approach to measuring the academic mobility, the bibliometric approach, which provides large representative samplings, research results reproducibility, and greater possibilities of mobility factors assessment, best meets the goals of modern research on causality of academic mobility. This paper should help those who study science and higher education in selecting the most suitable approach to academic mobility measurement and in considering a number of nuances of each approach as practically applied in the research planning process
The paper is focused on the problem of estimating costs which are incurred by customers, suppliers and regulators in the Russian system of public procurement. In this paper we adapted for Russian conditions the methodology elaborated by PwC for European Commission in 2011. On this methodological basis we estimated procurement costs of one big Russian public customer – Voronezh state university (VSU). We showed that in absolute terms cost of procurement in VSU is comparable with average level in EU. However as a percentage of purchased goods and services cost of procurement in EU is 8 times lower. We explain the reasons for this large gap and formulate policy recommendations both for public customers and relevant authorities.
The costs of the innovation life cycles from performing the fundamental research to implementation and new product production are analized, the costs effectiveness of research in the first year of implementation of innovativ products for the national economy and for separate federal target programs is estimated
This paper analyses the educational production function (EPF), which is one of the main economic instruments for the analysis of university activities. This instrument describes the relationship between university performance and amount of available resources and forms the basis for calculating efficiency scores. In this paper we present the results of Russian universities’ efficiency analysis, as well as the results of cluster analysis based on university efficiency and performance scores. The results of our analysis suggest that efficiency is a key characteristic of a university’s activity and should be considered as an important indicator for elaborating public policies in higher education together with making decisions when distributing resources among educational organizations.
The article is devoted to the analysis on the Russian higher education monitoring system. It describes the rules of the monitoring and main characteristics of higher education system which are evaluated by monitoring’s indicators. It also considers indicators that are used in foreign education monitoring systems to describe the same characteristics of higher education. The author gives proposals on using additional indicators for more complete description of the characteristics of higher education considered in Russian monitoring.
Students’ dishonest behavior is one of the most significant problems of higher education all over the world. Therefore, researchers and university administrators attempt to develop corresponding prevention measures. The measures can be aimed at either punishing students or engaging them in ethically sustainable academic practices, the second type becoming more and more popular in universities abroad. In this paper, discourse analysis is used to explore university policies and public statements of the rectors of Russian universities participating in the 5–100 project. The analysis helps to understand what kinds of discourses, argumentation and ways of their linguistic representation are used by Russian universities to represent their position towards students’ academic dishonesty and to influence students’ behavior. This paper might be of use for university administrators and managers, as well as for those who professionally investigate students’ academic dishonesty, to analyze and reform strategies for students’ dishonesty prevention.
The aim of this work is to review and analyse the support and development practices for students based on their educational background and academic performance. The increasingly widespread concept of a responsible university involves an opportunity to close or make smaller the gap between academically diversified students. Thus, the purpose is to systematise the practice of working with both low and high-achieving students and assess the possibilities for improving the quality and effectiveness of this work. The analysis regarding existing practices of Russian and international universities is based on the literature review of more than 1600 sources. The review provides identification, comparison and systematisation of common practices used by departments and universities rather than individual teachers. A classification of practices at the stages of identifying, developing and evaluating low and high-achieving students is proposed. Recommendations are formulated for expanding the support and development of students under the conditions of academic diversity and for improving the quality and effectiveness of the educational process.
The modern system of higher education involves the active introduction of a practice-oriented approach, which is based not only on the educational process, but also on the formation of the student’s personality. The implementation of a practice-oriented approach implies that students acquire not only practical but also social competencies that they need for their future professional activity. Project activity HSE is presented as a separate type of educational activity of students as part of the educational program with credit units. The project seminar is an educational form of organizational and educational support for project activities. Not directly related to the forms of project implementation, the project seminar aims to form students' project competencies, skills of project interaction and project management. The practice of implementing a project seminar on undergraduate programs began in 2014, on graduate programs from 2018. This study is devoted to the analysis of the practice of project work of undergraduate students in educational programs of economic profile. The study is based on the analysis of the HSE – Perm, the survey involved 117 respondents, of which 8 teachers, 5 customer representatives and 104 students from different courses (the sample corresponds to a confidence accuracy of 95 % and an error of 10 % with a total population of 983 students).
Research question. Since 2014, HSE has been implementing a special practice of project-oriented training in undergraduate programs, which is to implement projects and a project seminar and to involve students in practical programs (applied projects). This practice has methodological support in the form of local regulations, but, in fact, there are ample opportunities for educational programs on the features of implementation. At the same time, a large number of participants were included in the process of implementing this practice and, in order to identify common benefits and difficulties in implementing such an approach, we launched this study. Accordingly, the purpose of the study is to evaluate the practice of introducing project-oriented education on the example of undergraduate economic programs at HSE – Perm, identify problems and identify ways to improve this process.
The article is categorized as a case study. In the paper described the experience of Saint-Petersburg branch of Higher School of Economics to optimizeUniversity management through a transformation of approaches to the administrative services. This optimization process should be handled by highly potential employees through their project management teams.
The main purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the experience of constructing the new organizational model at the University through the participation of the most talented employees and applying Scrum project management methodology in their activity.
The article presents the basic concepts of talent management in a modern University and major principles of the Scrum methodology. The results of monitoring, that identified the most important areas of activity in the formation of projects for members of the high potential group, are given in this paper.
The conducted study provides grounds for conclusions about the necessity of taking into account peculiarities of corporate culture in the implementation of new management arrangements. During this research was discovered that the main expectations of employees in the optimization of services associated with digitalize processes, transferring into electronic forms of most of the processes related to discussions, negotiations, provision of administration and management. At the same time, the established management approaches are often perceived format and dogmas not considered by the majority as considerable directions of transformation. This plan requires the participation of informal leaders, receiving direct support from the leadership to implement changes in favor of the optimization process.
It was established that the main objects for innovation are administrative processes which include financial, personnel and clerical services. The operation of these units requires special attention from the management of University because in many ways, can promote the formation of a favorable corporate environment of research fellows and teachers. The Scrum approach to the implementation of projects related to the optimization of administrative services brings of University managers at a higher level of involvement, and this effect extends beyond the talented employees’ group, which should be examined and discussed on a regular basis. The article draws a conclusion about the need for significant prior work to convey to employees information about the planned changes, and then the permanent information support within the implementation of projects.
The originality of the article is that it discusses an integrated approach for the implementation of decentralized management and optimization of administrative services. It is based on practical experience of monitoring the corporate environment of the University, as well as a description of the original Scrum method to implement the relevant projects using the talent pool of the University.
Using the experience of HSE the authors look into the main principles of creating development program for administrative and managerial staff which is synchronized with strategic aims of the university. The main aim of the article is to demonstrate how to take into account the requirements to the universities in a global and quickly changing environment on the one hand and unique tasks and conditions on the other hand when creating such a program.
The article looks into key characteristics of administrative environment which sets certain requirements to personal qualities and professional competencies of university administrative employees.
The article presents main principles of development program design for university administrative staff which take into consideration unique aims, organizational structure and culture of a particular university and allow for creating adaptive administrative environment capable of quickly and effectively reacting to changes according to university tasks.
The article demonstrates the experience of HSE in creating administrative staff pool, demonstrates key principles of the program, their role in creating opportunities for obtaining necessary experience by program participants and providing feedback between program participants, executives and university community.
This article contains the results of research work conducted by the members of project team «Personnel policy» as part of implementation of the programme «Leaders of change for global universities», Moscow Management School Skolkovo in 2015-2016. The aim of this research was the analysis of personnel policy at Russian universities during the last decade first of all in the field of managing educational activities as creative ones with their peculiarities. Research results allow for drawing a key conclusion on possible borrowing of project models of creative teams management from cultural sphere with the aim of using them in modern dynamically changing and complex university management in order to improve university personnel policy. At present educational process requires project methods of educational programmes management by ensuring voluntary involvement of creative people with individual interests and aims into the environment of vertically integrated and hierarchically administered organizations. At present personnel policy in this field replicates standard managerial instruments (KPI, control, structural and functional organization) which destroy talent and restrain creative energy of specialists. This article is based on the experience of other branches where the function of involving self-organized creative teams into the process is called «producing» and is focused on organizing the work of supporting service structures engaged in selecting creative teams and providing them with resources. Authors believe that at Russian universities such creative teams should be built around educational programme heads, whereas «programme portfolio» creation should be organized on the basis of selection model presented in the article. Selection model improvement can become the topic of the following research. Nevertheless the implementation of the model suggested by the authors can change the situation with university personnel policy for the better by means of forming the strategy of managing teaching and academic teams and systematic personnel policy facilitating competitiveness of the Russian universities. Materials of the article are of interest for university administrators, lecturers and researchers, educational authorities’ representatives, external experts.
The aim of the study is to estimate the effect of the Russian academic excellence project (Project 5-100) on the publication activity of the University of Tyumen, measured by the number of articles published in journals indexed in the Web of Science database. The hypothesis of the research is that there is a positive causal relationship between the number of published articles and the University’s participation in Project 5-100. This impact was estimated empirically for the University of Tyumen while the other university participants (31 universities) were taken as a control group. Counterfactual scenarios are used to find the number of articles that the university employees would have published in the absence of Project 5-100. Thus, it is shown that, despite the failure to meet the goal of entering the top 200 of world universities in the ranking for ecology and agricultural biology, the University of Tyumen benefited from its participation in Project 5-100: its number of publications, especially in journals of the first and second quartile, has been growing faster than in the control group of universities.
The concept paper aims at defining the objectives associated by the administrators of higher educational institutions (HEIs) with massive open online course (MOOC) production and at revealing the progress achieved and the barriers faced. Ever increasing tempo of digitization and budget savings at educational institutions make rationality of this activity and elaboration of ideas for increasing it a hot topic for discussion – both for those HEIs that have already launched such projects and for those who, being able to start a project taking into account international and Russian experience, consider this perspective in the future. The paper covers the objectives that American and European HEIs, where the first MOOCs appeared, associate with MOOC production projects. It also presents the first attempt to bring the position of Russian university administrators into this context. English and Russian literature reviewed here reflects the experience of MOOC producers trying to accomplish these objectives. These research and non-research papers show that the objectives set have not been fully met yet, as they require additional mechanisms and tools which are as well limited. This leads to the suggestion that MOOC has not proved to be a stand-alone solution for the universities which produce them, but seems promising if introduced into the organization development strategy. An evident limitation of this paper is using non-research papers to describe the current situation in MOOC industry in Russia, since academic publications on the topic are scarce. Further research might clarify and extinguish the ideas presented in the paper. The conclusion contains some recommendations on measuring and increasing the effectiveness of MOOC production projects in accomplishing the HEIs’ objectives.
The article considers the conceptual issues for psychological studying various forms of social capital consolidation within universities. The main aspects of social capital consolidation are university reputation, trust, commitment to university goals, identification with the university, organizational culture, and an opportunity to put personal motives into life. The main goal of this paper is to examine the peculiarities of social capital consolidation in three Russian leading universities and to make theoretical conclusions to confirm our model of organizations’ social capital components. The article step by step studies the concept of university’s social capital and its connection with both organizational culture and reputation. An organization’s social capital and its consolidation are defined; the basic components of social capital for representatives of different university subcultures (students, administrative staff, and faculty) in three leading Russian highly-ranked universities are named according to the research. There is described the interrelation between the university’s reputation and the opportunities to put personal motives into life, the dynamics of the social capital formation for students in Russian universities and determinants of socialization for employees in higher educational institutions. In order to make managerial decisions and conduct further empirical studies, all the phenomena are considered according to their psychological contents, the research objects (leading Russian universities) taken into account. Altogether 590 people participated in this study. Various statistical methods are used: content analysis, ANOVA (analysis of variance), correlation and regression methods. The research showed that the consolidation of universities’ social capital combines both internal and external focuses of this phenomenon that can be presented via reputation characteristics, for instance, «reputational platform», a combination of clan and market cultures as well as socialization (trust, organizational commitment and identification). This concept can be considered as a positive basis to understand different managerial problems and find focused efforts to solve them. This article contributes to understanding psychological aspects of university management and to studying its cumulative social capital, which can significantly improve university’s reputation, as well as its competitive advantages within entrepreneurial environment.
The main focus of the article is the question if mergers, takeovers, and organizational restructuring lead to increased university efficacy. The task of defining efficacy with several “input” and “output” performance indicators nowadays is easily solved by a data envelope analysis (DEA). Two models for evaluating educational and academic efficacy of a university. Calculations use DEA model oriented towards input (Input Orientated) with constant return to scale (Constant Returns to Scale, CRS). In order to conduct comparative analysis of groups of universities undergoing restructuring process of different magnitude the authors suggest several university classifications: according to the number of merged and/or liquidated units; restructuring completion period; restructuring mechanism type; including mid level professional education into the university under evaluation. In order to test the suggested hypotheses the authors used non parametric statistic methods of average comparison. The pool for this research covered 132 universities with the Russian Federation Ministry of Education and Science as a founder. The research has not identified decreased efficacy of universities as a result of restructuring process. It has turned out that universities actively participating in restructuring processes have become more effective in comparison with other universities. The research has not observed the effect of temporary decrease and following growth of efficacy at organizations undergoing mergers or takeovers. The research has not supported the hypothesis of decreasing university efficacy as a result of taking over mid level professional education institution. The results of the research clearly indicate the lag in efficacy as compared to the leading competitors where 2010 is a reference year. The authors understand that testing whether suggested hypotheses are true or false and require more detailed research of the university as compared to 2010. As many countries have accumulated sufficient experience of higher education restructuring the results of research into Russian universities restructuring making a comparison of the efficacy of the leading competitors according to numbers in 2010. The authors understand that it will take time to see if their suggestion are true or false. As foreign higher education restructuring materials can be easily downloaded. The results of the research of Russian Federation universities restructuring allow for provide conclusions, using accumulated theoretical concepts for explaining and predicting possible consequences of using different restricting mechanisms. The article uses academically acknowledged envelope data analysis method. This method is for the first time used to compare university efficacy in dynamics.
Issues of better access to higher education in various countries fit specific consistent patterns progressively as desired results are achieved. Our study shows successive stages of change in public demand for higher education and confirms justified consequences of transition to decisive actions pertaining to optimization of educational, material and technical, financial and intellectual resources.
The article presents the results of the research conducted in one of the top-ranked universities in Russia. The paper aims at identifying the relationship between the levels of identification and of students’ adherence to the university and their perception of organizational culture. The study reveals the peculiarities of students’ perception of culture and differences from their own ideas about it. There is measured the degree of the respondents’ identification with the organization and, as a result, the degree of their adherence to the university. The survey demanded three methods to be applied and 150 people to participate. The data have been processed with the help of various statistical methods (dispersion, correlation, factor, and regression analysis). The results show the discrepancies in students’ ideas of the prevailing culture, but at the same time a general tendency to their positive relationships with the university. The interest in the discussed questions of the research is related to the role of an educational institution’s image in the aspects of management and attractiveness for its students. Modern universities are considered to be a type of organizations, which provide educational services and therefore are forced to compete with others at the market. As a result, they are required to find optimal solutions and to create competitive advantages according to the expectations of potential «customers». The paper describes a case of undergraduate students, which allows us to draw conclusions about the peculiarities of the organizational culture and the image of the university as influencing students’ loyalty. The fact of a loyal attitude is considered to be an advantage necessary for a modern university to save and strengthen its own positions at the educational services market, as well as to form a development strategy based on analyzing the current situation.