The article examines a new phenomenon in the lives of middle-class Chinese women, manifested in a sudden change in social status of women living in Shanghai during the period of the Republic of China. The research centers on such issues as women’s struggle for gaining equal rights with men, improving of their social status and inclusion of women in industrial activity and services. It is shown that, due to a significant change in lifestyle and social status compared to previous centuries Shanghai’s women got new opportunities for self-development and professional realization. At the same time they faced with many economic and psychological difficulties of their new life.
Today, amid all-round cooperation between Russia and China, doubts may arise about the prospects for Russian-Chinese interaction, and the Russian public sometimes has a historical position of the PRC on the issue of the southern Kuril Islands as a reason for such doubts about the unity of the geopolitical interests of Moscow and Beijing. The subject of this article is a historical analysis of the position of the People's Republic of China on the ownership of the southern Kuril Islands and the determination of its impact on Russian-Chinese cooperation in the field of regional security.
The article examines the main areas of assistance provided by China to Vietnam during the Resistance war against French colonialists (1946-1954).
Geomancy known in Korea as the ‘p’ungsu chiri seol theory’ first was introduced to Korean people with the works of a Buddhist monk Doseon (827-898). The theory was a synonym for traditional Korean geography, and soon became popular and wide-spread. The article focuses on the role of a geomancer in Korea during the reign of the Joseon dynasty (1392-1897) and explores who the Joseon geomancers were: what social background and status they had, what education they were expected to have and what their duties were. In the end of the article I give a list of examples explaining the influence and importance of the p’ungsu chiri seol theory for Korean history and culture
This article discusses the role and place of some of the problems of the historical past of Japan's relations with the neighboring countries, including the issue of formal apologies, the problem of "comfort women", as well as visits by the Japanese officials to the Yasukuni shrine. The article argues that diplomatic, economic, cultural and other contacts with China, Japan and the Republic of Korea face great difficulties because of lack of progress in settling these problems. Detailed analysis addresses the causes of the present complicated situation, including those connected with the differences in the approach of Japan and its East Asian neighbours towards the historical heritage of the Second World War, as the phenomenon of "time lag” in raising these issues in the international political agenda.
Public diplomacy is an effective tool used by China in order to achieve its foreign policy goals. The article considers the challenges that it currently faces.
In January 2016 China began a new stage of reform of its armed forces. The article deals with the redistribution of powers between command structures responsible for control over the army.
The article analyzes the activities of organizational structures of the Russian Federation in the implementation of the strategy of promotion of Russian language in China in the beginning of the XXI century. The author emphasizes that, having entered the new century, the Russian leadership has included the popularization of the Russian language in the list of priorities of its foreign policy. The author shows how the state task to revive and strengthen the position of Russian language in China, lost in the 1990s, has been implemented, what are the new challenges in this area.
The authors analyze the processes of Japan becoming an active participant of the world trade; identify cause-and-effect relations of the development of export and import of Japan. The authors point out the particular importance of the Asian market, which played an important role in the development of Japan as an exporter of industrial products and the development of the Japanese economy in the period from the “opening of the country” to the beginning of XX century.
The article analyzes the prospects for the development of relations between Russia and Japan in the context of the activation of Japanese diplomacy in the Russian direction. In 2016, Prime Minister S. Abe proposed a cooperation program of eight items. Within the framework of this program, more than hundred economic agreements were signed, most of which have not yet been implemented. In the article the author considers the reasons for the slippage of the development of bilateral relations.
The article is devoted to the political dimension of activity of Russian consulates in Mongolia in 1861—1917 and their role in implementation of Russia’s “Far Eastern strategy”. The imperial consular institute made a considerable contribution to resolving the “Mongol problem”, playing a role of an effective mechanism for Russia’s international mediation during Mongolia’s struggle for the autonomy, as well as to solution of the “Kobdo” and “Altai” problems of the early XXth century. The author is analyzing the consulates’ efforts to strengthen Russia’s position in Mongolia and preserve the “balance of power” in the regional international competition of this period.
Based on the papers newly used in scientific research, the author shows that in 1924- 1925 the Soviet financial assistance was designed to stimulate the creation of reliable, centrally managed armed forces, as well as effective KMT Party organization and the strengthening of its administrative activities.