The article provides a review of publications on public participation that were published in the Journal of Public Policy from 2010 to 2015. The objective of this review is to demonstrate research and methodological approaches to the study of public participation in politics.
The article examines key trends of the nowadays politics, economics and ideology from the point of view of the strategy of sustainable development. The authors analyze such phenomenon as the development of conceptual models of Post-capitalism, the decline of the middle class and liberal democracy, the crisis of ideologies and the rise of pseudo-ideology - populism. One of the central conclusions of the article is that the classical model of sustainable development proposed by the UN 30 years ago, including ecology, economics and social sphere, is no longer able to cover the whole complexity of what is happening. It should include at least two components - politics and ideology. In this case, we can talk about the formation of a multidimensional and favorable environment for moving towards the goals of sustainable development. Otherwise, the implementation of any global strategies (including the sustainable development) in socially fragmented, de-ideologised, crisis-ridden social systems seems unrealistic. In the context of sustainable development, the crisis of global governance, as well as the phenomenon of the integration systems that can assert themselves in the global space of political power, is rethought. From the point of view of science methodology, there is a need for further convergence between humanitarian disciplines studying sustainable development.
Cтатья посвящена изучению актов сецессии трех оспариваемых постсоциалистических государств: Абхазии, Косова и Южной Осетии. При помощи методов мультимодального анализа политических перформативов предпринята попытка определить оспариваемую сецессию как один из типовых перформативных политических сценариев, описав ее через инвариантный набор из шести перформативных актов (стабильность, накопление противоречий, иллокутивный прорыв, частичная стабилизация, новый акт накопления противоречий, новый иллокутивный прорыв).
The article presents an overview of key trends of research on Russian politics in Western political science after the Soviet collapse. It is focused on analysis of major achievements and shortcomings in academic studies on Russian politics over the last two decades. To what extent this scholarship improves our understanding of contemporary political developments in Russia, what are the major frameworks for analyses, and which political issues needs more in-depth research in the future?
The article considers two related topics. Firstly, it analyzes an issue of the structure of political science, the possibility of structuring it as academic, fundamental and applied science, as well as a more practical area, which is political science expert knowledge. Secondly, this is a problem of the relationship between experts and expertise customers. The main customer of such examination is a state in all its various manifestations. At present, however, expertise clients are not only government agencies, but also a variety of business structures and non-profit organizations. The article also raises a question of the fundamental possibility of political science experts to give an objective normative assessment of actions of public policy actors and other problems that arise when considering programs and projects.
The article is dedicated to the foundations of electoral clientelism employed by the regional machines in Russia. The author uses qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) in order to analyze the data from 25 regional campaigns in 2015 generated by the PEI expert survey. The degree of clientelism by the Russian regional machines can be explained by the availability of controlled voters’ constituencies. At the same time clientelism resulted from a low infrastructural capacity and inability to prevent electoral competition by the administrative means.
The article presents an analysis of the studies of the elite phenomenon in contemporary foreign and domestic political science. The subject of investigation - the evolution steel elitological studies, its agenda, methodological approaches, thematic specialization. On the basis of an array of publications, the author concludes that elitology in the moment is one of the most advanced sub-disciplines of domestic political science. The most significant results were obtained in studies of the regional elite, top-level management of the bureaucracy, in the political-psychological study of power groups. Autor identifies the following areas: political-psychological, political, sociological, comparative, study of intra-relationships.
The article reviews political science literature on courts in democracy and authoritarianism. Such a review can be useful in two ways. First, we take the classical definition of political science as a science that studies the acquisition and the use of power, and deduce the object of political studies of courts from it. We then check it against the actual empirical studies of courts done in political science. Second, we chart a map of political studies of courts and observe some trends that may later be used to set the agenda for future political research into courts in authoritarian regimes.
The article analyses main aspects of individual countries Stateness that are determined by by its internal and external contexts. There are considered sources of stateness as well as contribution to its formation by state institutions, respective polities, countries (territorial development complexes)) and historical traditions. An issue of possible operationalization of stateness is discussed in the context of comparative political studies.
This article presents the results of the analysis of justification of annexation of Crimea to Russia in speeches of president Putin and ministry of foreign affairs representatives. The annexation of Crimea in 2014 was an indicator of foreign policy change, which needed an official justification at domestic and foreign arenas. It ∗ Myasnikov Stanislav, National Research University ‘Higher School of Economics’( Moscow, Russia), e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Политическая наука, 2020, № 2 254 proved to be quite successful inside Russia, but abroad. By using the instruments of strategic narratives theory, this article reveals how the president and MFA representatives provided justification of the annexation of Crimea; why it was legitimized domestically; and what the goal for the justification at international level was analyzed. The actors’ main justification strategies were defined as ‘defense’ and ‘counter-attack’; they appealed to historical memory; defense of Russian culture; defense of the Crimean people’s rights. Simultaneously, a negative image of the West was constructed. Such a justification could help domestic legitimation, but did not consider the cultural features of the international audience. The justification could lead to a reduction of interest in the Crimean Spring internationally. The empirical base of the study was 46 transcripts of V.V. Putin and MFA representatives from 2014 to 2018, as well as 2 documentaries containing V.V. Putin’s interviews. Keywords: president; MFA